Optimal design of channel cross-section is an important task in the hydraulic design of open channels. The traditional methods and models which neglect the frost heave are trial procedures and may result in failure of channels in design of irrigation channels. To improve the total cost, reliability and effectiveness, the model which is used in this study, is not only minimizing the cost of land acquisition but also the cost of concrete lining considering cost as the objective function. The constrained optimization model which considers values of thickness of channel concrete slab constraint simultaneously along with the objective of minimization of cost is propounded and solved using a recent global optimization technique, namely cat swarm optimization (CSO). The optimized channel section not only satisfies the optimal hydraulic cross-section but guarantees the safety and stability of the side walls so that both the amount of the concrete lining and the land acquisition are optimized. Finally, we take a main channel of Qinghe Irrigated Area of Farm 853 in Heilongjiang Province as a study area. The results obtained using the CSO approach are satisfaction and the method can be used for reliable design of artificial open channels. Furthermore, we compare the CSO algorithm with a genetic algorithm (GA) and the particle swarm optimization (PSO) to verify the effectiveness of the cat swarm algorithm in the channel section optimization.
Heap Leach Pad Monitoring - Case Study
2D Electrical Resistivity Imaging Objective Study was performed at a Heap Leach Copper Mining site in Chile to determine the impervious zones forthe irrigation. The first base survey is performedto locate the impervious zones to be able to improve irrigations. The second monitoring survey is performed after 50 days of irrigation through drilled two boreholes to observe the improvement of irrigations. Layout The surveys were performed in 12th of May and 1st July 2015 in Chile withAGI SuperSting WiFi R8 RES/IP...
Delta Drainage and Irrigation System - Case Study
BackgroundDelta, British Columbia is located in the Fraser River delta on the shores of the Pacific Ocean, just south of the City of Vancouver. Delta comprises mostly agricultural land, with typical ground elevations near sea level. Levees protect the area from potential floods from the Fraser River and tidal surges from the Pacific Ocean.Of the 13,500 hectares (ha) watershed, 6,300 ha is active agricultural land, 3,500 ha is the environmentally sensitive Burns Bog, and the rest is a mix of urban and industrial...
AquaNES: Microbiological monitoring of reused waste water for irrigation of a golf course in ...
The Site 9 of the AquaNES project in Agon-Countainville (France) uses secondary effluent after reed bed and sand dune filtration for golf course irrigation in a coastal area. The underlying aquifer is prone to salinization. The study of Agon-Countainville site will demonstrate how innovative water quality monitoring and modelling linked to data management and communication, facilitates an optimised management of AquaNES sites and their future implementation. Based on this online monitoring and punctual sampling...
Case study - BioKube Venus India, small wastewater treatment plant
Project: Venus at a SchoolSystem Type: Venus 2200 – 20PECountry: IndiaClient: St Marys schoolCapacity: 3 m³/dayYear of Installation: 2016.Description:A BioKube partner installation by Waterneer BioKube in India. This Venus 2200 has been installed to treat kitchen wastewater at the school. The treated wastewater from the plant is being reused for irrigating of the large lawns at the school. The plant is also being used to demonstrate wastewater treatment as part of the educational curriculum of the high...
Case study - BioKube Venus Dubai, small wastewater treatment plant
Project: Venus plant in Dubai System Type: Venus 2200 – 20PECountry: Dubai (UAE)Client: Al Jaber summer residenceCapacity: 3 m³/dayYear of Installation: 2016.Description:Venus 2200 installation at a summer residence in UAE (United Arab Emirates). BioKube´s wastewater treatment solution can work under very warm conditions and treated water can be used for e.g. irrigation.