The Chilean Water Allocation Mechanism, established in its Water Code of 1981

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Courtesy of IWA Publishing

A long narrow strip of land (no more than 430 km wide) between the Andes and the Pacific Ocean, Chile stretches 4,630 km from near lat. 18°S to Cape Horn (lat. 56°S), including at its southern end the Strait of Magellan and Tierra del Fuego, an island shared with Argentina. In the Pacific Ocean are Chile's several island possessions, including Easter Island, the Juan Fernández islands, and the Diego Ramírez islands.

Chile´s total land area is 743,800 km2, of which 21.2% is agricultural land (157,687 km2) and 21.8% is forest (162,148 km2). The majority of agricultural land is covered by natural pastures. Arable agricultural land is 1,294,000 hectares (ha.), which is 1.7% of the total land surface. Urban area covers aproximatelly 0.06% of total surface. Currently it is estimated that the area of wetland in Chile is to 4,498,060.7 ha. equivalent to 5.9% of Chile´s total land area.

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