The world’s first populations of glyphosate resistant wild radish will be announced at Perth’s Agribusiness Crop Updates, but researchers stress further cases can be minimised if farmers adopt diverse control strategies.
Australian Herbicide Resistance Initiative (AHRI) research has confirmed glyphosate resistance in three populations of wild radish, all from different locations in Western Australia’s far northern grainbelt.
They were identified by Mike Ashworth, a recipient of a Grains Research PhD Scholarship from the Grains Research and Development Corporation (GRDC).
Mr Ashworth is based at AHRI, located at The University of Western Australia.
“Wild radish is arguably the worst weed in WA cropping systems and causes economic losses in 45 crop species in 65 countries,” he said.
“Glyphosate is the world’s most important knockdown herbicide and a vital tool in the control of wild radish, which has evolved resistance to many selective herbicides in WA and other cropping regions.”
Mr Ashworth said two of the glyphosate resistant wild radish populations were identified and tested after survivors were found in fallows treated with glyphosate.
“These populations were confirmed to have moderate levels of resistance, exhibiting high rates of survival (63 and 86 per cent) following label rate glyphosate application on two-leaf plants,” he said.
“The third population was identified following an AHRI survey in 2010 and 2011 of 239 paddocks in WA’s northern and central grainbelt.”
Mr Ashworth said the glyphosate resistant wild radish plants also exhibited resistance to other important herbicides.
“The first two populations identified also had resistance to label rates of the Group B (chlorsulfuron, sulfometuron-methyl, metosulam, imazamox), Group F (diflufenican) and Group I (2,4-D amine) herbicides” he said.
Mr Ashworth said the history of herbicide use where the three populations were discovered was likely to have been a major factor in the evolution of glyphosate resistance.
“The first two populations are believed to have been exposed to at least one and often two glyphosate applications annually over two decades,” he said.
Mr Ashworth said the good news was that finding the populations early meant that growers had the opportunity to adopt pro-active control strategies.
“Herbicides alone should not be used to control wild radish; growers and agronomists should use a range of tactics to control wild radish populations,” he said.
“The aim should be to control weed survivors, eliminate weed seed set and maximise diversity of control strategies.
“GRDC funded research has proven the effectiveness of non-herbicide tools including crop competition and harvest weed seed control (HWSC) used as part of an integrated weed management approach.
“HWSC has been shown to be very effective for controlling wild radish, as this weed tends to hold on to its seed at harvest.”
Information about sustainable IWM practices is available at www.ahri.uwa.edu.au
Useful GRDC publications include the Ground Cover supplement Herbicide Resistance – Making Herbicides Last at www.grdc.com.au/GCS104, the GRDC Herbicide Resistance Fact Sheet www.grdc.com.au/GRDC-FS-HerbicideResistance and the GRDC In-Crop Herbicide Use Fact Sheet www.grdc.com.au/GRDC-FS-InCropHerbicideUse
The Agribusiness Crop Updates, supported by the GRDC and Department of Agriculture and Food (DAFWA), is being held at Crown Perth on February 24 to 25.
It is WA’s premier event showcasing the latest research, technology, market development and management innovations to improve the productivity and profitability of the State’s grains industry.
Caption: GRDC Grains Research PhD Scholarship recipient Michael Ashworth, based at AHRI, says growers should employ a range of tactics to control wild radish and minimise further cases of glyphosate resistance.
Audio download: Listen to GRDC Grains Research PhD scholarship recipient Mike Ashworth talking about the first confirmed populations of glyphosate resistant wild radish. Right click the link in the download box below and select ‘Save as’ to download the mp3 file for playback.
Mike Ashworth, AHRI
08 6488 5080, 0459 351 465
Peter Newman, AHRI
0427 984 010
GRDC Project Code GRS10037