BOSCO V. di Bosco Marco & C. s.n.c.

Olives Collection Machine

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Olives Collection System of all the phases in the olive growing cycle, the picking of olives is undeniably the most costly, and is the fundamental reason for its mechanization.. Olive picking can be mechanized from the tree or from the ground; the former making use of the vibratory effect of shakers in combination with umbrellas or nets. However, it isn't always possible to collect the whole crop using shakers, since factors such as ripening or bad weather can cause a large part or all of the crop to fall to the ground. At this point, if we've prepared the ground under the trees beforehand, we can intervene using machinery for picking from the ground. Contrary to popular belief, ground picked olives do not result in poor quality oil, so long as we adopt some simple measures.

  • Preparing the ground by beating it underneath the trees from which the olives will fall.
  • Limiting the amount of time the olives stay on the ground and immediately cleaning the product using sorters for separating the fruit from loose soil, leaves and other impurities.
  • Washing at the olive pressing facilities, eliminating pebbles which have been left behind by the sorter, using water by difference of specific weight.

Washing at the olive pressing facilities, eliminating pebbles which have been left behind by the sorter, using water by difference of specific weight.

Picking from the ground is still the fastest system, and can also be carried out alternatively with umbrellas or nets, in the following sequence: the shaker allows the fruit to fall to the ground, with the picker immediately collecting all the olives into an up-and-over basket in just 1 minute, all of which is handled by just one operator. Picking carried out using a shaker in combination with a mechanized picker results in high quality oil. In conclusion, increasingly high labour costs for picking, and the general lack of skilled workers, impose the need for integral mechanization of the olive picking process.

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