agriculture spraying Articles

  • Seasonal ammonia losses from spray-irrigation with secondary-treated recycled water

    This work examines ammonia volatilization associated with agricultural irrigation employing recycled water. Effluent from a secondary wastewater treatment plant was applied using a center pivot irrigation system on a 12 ha agricultural site in Palmdale, California. Irrigation water was captured in shallow pans and ammonia concentrations were quantified in four seasonal events. The average ammonia ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Unique Approach for Sizing a Reclaimed Water Spray Irrigation System Maximizes Benefits

    In 2004, the City of Raleigh Public Utilities Department (CORPUD) initiated a reclaimed water spray irrigation system project to irrigate approximately 130 acres of its existing 1,030-acre farmland used in the past to land apply Class B biosolids. Unlike typical land application or reclaimed water irrigation systems, the primary driver was not to minimize surface water discharge, but rather to ...

  • The Importance Pressure Management on Agricultural Irrigation Applications

    Irrigation systems world wide are dependent on sound pressure management techniques which are normally incorporated at the design phase of the project. This holds true whether you are designing agricultural irrigation systems incorporating drip, micro spray, sprinkler or pivot systems and has similar ramifications for turf irrigation or even golf course irrigation systems. Automatic ...


    By Singer Valve Inc.

  • Agricultural Robotic Market to Reach $16.3 billion by 2020

    Agricultural Robots: Market Shares, Strategies, and Forecasts, Worldwide, 2014-2020 - The 2014 study has 430 pages, 236 tables and figures. Worldwide markets are poised to achieve significant growth as the agricultural robots are used in every aspect of farming, milking, food production, and animal control to implement automated process for the industry. Browse report @ ...


  • Agricultural Residuals Drive Producer-Owned Energy

    Farmer-owned renewable energy enterprises are increasing rapidly — with alternative fuels such as biodiesel, ethanol and distiller’s grains becoming mainstream. MINNESOTA is home to 16 ethanol plants generating approximately 550 million gallons per year. Most of these new facilities are producer-owned. Many others are under construction or are in the planning process. In 2005, Minnesota farmers ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • On combining vision-based hybrid classifiers for weeds detection in precision agriculture

    One objective in precision agriculture is to minimise the volume of herbicides that are applied to the fields through the use of site-specific weed management systems. This paper outlines an automatic computer vision system for the detection and differential spraying of Avena sterilis, a noxious weed growing in cereal crops. With such purpose we have designed a multiple hybrid decision making ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • HRC Pilot Test Reduces Fertilizer Contamination at an Agricultural Facility

    Site Summary Ammonia nitrate is the most common chemical used in fertilizers, providing nitrogen to plants for growth. Dichloropropane (DCP) has also become popular in agriculture as the most common pesticide sprayed on fruit and nut crops to control nematodes. When released into groundwater, nitrate and DCP can be hazardous to human health. A distributing facility in Northern California housed ...


    By REGENESIS

  • Development of Waste Sawdust as a plant protection material for horticulture and agriculture

    Untitled Document Lignin is one of the major wastes of modern society, in the form of wood waste such as sawdust. In nature, lignin is ...

  • CRISPR is coming to agriculture — with big implications for food, farmers, consumers and nature

    Gene editing offers dramatic advances in speed, scope and scale of genetic improvement. It also offers an opportunity for more nuanced GMO governance. Very few technologies truly merit the epithet “game changer” — but a new genetic engineering tool known as CRISPR-Cas9 is one of them. Since we first developed the ability to alter the genetic material inside a plant or animal in ...


    By Ensia

  • Glyphosate-based herbicides on weeds management and maize performance under conservation agriculture practices in eastern Kenya

    A three-season research study was conducted at Embu Agricultural Research Station farm to determine the effect of glyphosate-based herbicides on weeds management and maize ( Zea mays L. ) performance under zero-tillage conservation agriculture practice. Glyphosate herbicide sprays were prepared from Roundup Turbo product at the rate of 2.5 L ha –1 and Roundup Weathermax at 1.5, 2.5 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Top Tips to Save Money, Use Sprayer Efficiently

    Using clean water when calibrating a pesticide sprayer and carrying extra nozzles for quick repair of simple problems in the field are just some of the tricks of the trade that can help growers save time, energy and money during spraying season, says a spray technology expert in the College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences at The Ohio State University. Because there are so many ...


    By Ohio State University

  • Lost in the Bee-Line

    Pesticides. Sprayed across vast expanses of farm land, they have become a ubiquitous part of industrial agriculture. But there may actually be more consequences to their use than we had previously predicted. A recent study headed by Chensheng Lu at Harvard University connects the rising phenomena of beehive abandonment, known as Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD), to the use of a family of pesticides ...


    By Worldwatch Institute

  • Acute toxicity of pyraclostrobin and trifloxystrobin to Hyalella azteca

    Fungicide application rates on row crop agriculture have increased across the United States, and subsequently, contamination of adjacent wetlands can occur through spray drift or field runoff. To investigate fungicide toxicity, Hyalella azteca amphipods were exposed to 2 fungicide formulations, Headline and Stratego, and their active strobilurin ingredients, pyraclostrobin and trifloxystrobin. ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Characterization of field margins in intensified agro‐ecosystems – why narrow margins should matter in terrestrial pesticide risk assessment and management

    Field margins are important semi‐natural habitats in agro‐ecosystems but they can be negatively affected by pesticide inputs via direct overspray and spray drift. In Germany, risk mitigation measures (like buffer zones) to reduce pesticide inputs in terrestrial non‐crop habitats do not have to be put in place by farmers next to narrow field margins ( ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Woodland Burial Sites

    The Funeralcare Co-operative Plan Bee Wildflower Meadow Creation As part of the ambitious Plan Bee project (which aims to save the plight of honey bees and pollinators across the UK), the Funeralcare Co-operative Woodland Burial Sites have been awarded funding to create bee friendly wildflower corridors. BritishFlora are managing the habitat ...


    By BritishFlora

  • Where there’s muck there’s mono nov

    Although essentially a waste product, the system maximises the fertilising quality of the cattle slurry by spraying the water content over crops and grazing areas. The system in place at Chesterton, devised in conjunction with NC Agricultural Engineering, removes waterfrom cattle waste and feeds it into the pump which is mounted in the farmyard. The Merlin pump has the capacity tohandle up to ...

  • Field degradation of aminopyralid and clopyralid and microbial community response to application in Alaskan soils

    High latitude regions experience unique conditions that affect the degradation rate of agrochemicals in the environment. In this study, data collected from two field sites in Alaska (Palmer and Delta) were used to generate a kinetic model for aminopyralid and clopyralid degradation and to describe the microbial community response to herbicide exposure. Field plots were sprayed with herbicides ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • The impact of using GM insect resistant maize in Europe since 1998

    Genetically Modified (GM) insect resistant (Bt) maize crops have been grown commercially in the European Union (EU) since 1998, and in 2006, there were plantings in seven EU member states. This paper reviews the specific economic impacts on yield and farm income as well as the environmental impact in respect of insecticide usage (where data exists). The analysis shows that there have been ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Focal species of birds in European crops for higher tier pesticide risk assessment

    Focal species have been defined by European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) as real species that represent others in a crop resulting from their potential higher level of exposure to pesticides. As such they are the most appropriate species for refining estimates of exposure further, through for example radio‐tracking and dietary studies. Plant Protection Product manufactures collectively ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Rotary batch blender mixes biological products that boost farm crops

    Agriculture has never been more challenging and fertility efficiency tools, such as inoculants, more important. Modern farmers rely on technology and production practices to significantly increase the yield of their food crops. Biological products like inoculants are a vital part of that strategy. Novozymes Biologicals is an industry leader in developing and manufacturing inoculants, which are a ...

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