arable crop Articles

  • Mitigation options for sediment and phosphorus loss from winter-sown arable crops

    Received for publication January 20, 2009. Sediment and P inputs to freshwaters from agriculture are a major problem in the United Kingdom (UK). This study investigated mitigation options for diffuse pollution losses from arable land. Field trials were undertaken at the hillslope scale over three winters at three UK sites with silt (Oxyaquic Hapludalf), sand (Udic Haplustept), and clay (Typic ...

  • The Environmental Impact of Arable Crop Production in the European Union: Practical Options for Improvement

    The purpose of the studies is to explore the relationship generally between agricultural sectors and practices and the environment. The sectoral studies describe the environmental relationship, the practical possibilities to improve that relationship and the various options (with agri-environmental measures) to establish environmental gains. They should contribute to an informal debate and ...

  • Wholesale arable change leads to tight slug control

    "Eight years into implementing a zero-till policy across the farm, we’re seeing improved yields of 10 tonnes per hectare for our first year wheat, and five tonnes per hectare on winter beans. We’ve also noticed that we continue to see year-on-year improvements to soil structure and crop yields. “The winter beans have been extremely valuable in the rotation to ensure nitrogen and ...


    By Certis UK

  • `Standards are desperately needed for plastic and pesticide contamination in soil´

    In addition to plastic in the oceans, plastic contamination in arable land throughout Europe and other parts of the world is a growing problem. No standards exist for these types of soil pollutants, nor for pesticide residues or their degradation products. For this reason, Professor Violette Geissen is calling for standards to be implemented. On 15 June, Geissen will deliver her inaugural address ...

  • Emissions from Crops - POST Note

    Agriculture contributes 9% of the UK’s greenhouse-gas (GHG) emissions burden and 10-12% globally. Although there is a long-term declining trend from UK agriculture, the sector may account for a larger share of overall emissions in the future as other sectors reduce emissions. This POSTnote focuses on reducing GHG emissions from growing and storing arable and horticultural crops. ...


    By UK Parliament

  • Giant black-grass requires lock stock approach

    Nigel Riches, Arable Technical Specialist for Certis, explains what he’s been seeing in the field. “Black-grass is a problem that in the past has generally been confined to the main arable areas, in the east of the country. “But increasingly we’re seeing this pernicious weed spreading further west each season. Where previously black-grass has not been a big issue in the ...


    By Certis UK

  • Nitrogen pollution control in the European Union: challenging the requirements of the Nitrates Directive with the Agenda 2000 proposals

    Nitrogen pollution resulting from agricultural activities is a major threat to the quality of the European environment. This paper aims to qualify the importance of nutritional management in reducing nitrogen pollution from intensive livestock production and to quantify its potential results where applicable. Reform of agricultural policy may achieve the economic and environmental benefits of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Pesticides in the European Union

    There has been a sharply falling trend in the total volume of sales of agricultural pesticides in the EU between 1991 and 1995. But this was reversed in 1996. From 1991-1995, EU sales of pesticides, measured by weight of active ingredients (ai), fell by 13%. They then rose by 6% between 1995 and 1996 to stand at 299,826 tonnes ai. But this still put them nearly 8% below the 1991 figure. The use ...

  • Knowledge of Farm Practices – The Key for Successful Farming

    Agriculture plays an important part in the world economy. One-third of the economically active population obtains its livelihood from agriculture. In Asia and Africa, millions of small-scale farmers, fishermen, and indigenous people produce most of the food consumed worldwide, in most cases on very small plots of land. Agriculture is increasingly called upon to address a wide range of critical ...


    By Agrivi Ltd

  • A big slug year ahead?

    In addition to the weather, stubble clean-ups and green bridge carry-over are the two other major contributors, which means that high slug pellet usage on farms across the UK is likely this year, explains Justin Smith agronomist for Bartholomews Agri Food Ltd. “I work with farmers in the East Sussex and Kent areas, most of whom farm in vulnerable water catchment areas and are looking for ...


    By Certis UK

  • Impact of Agri-environment measures

    The application of agri-environment contracts concerning 1 farmer in every 7 and delivering environmental services over 20% of European farmland, marks a very significant step towards sustainability. The target set in the 5th Environmental Action Programme of 15% coverage by 2000 has thus already been exceeded. The requirement on Member States to apply the regulation throughout their territories ...

  • Opinion: Greening European Agriculture Policy – A Step Forward?

    The long-awaited resolution of the deadlock over the future of European farm subsidies appears to be in sight. After lengthy and tortuous discussions, the European Commission, Council and European Parliament reached a political agreement on 26 June 2013 setting out the main parameters for the reform of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) from 2015.1 These are based, in large part, on proposals ...


  • Farming in a Controlled Environment

    There is considerable pressure on today’s farmers. This is because of farming, as a special type of manufacture, largely depends on climate and natural resources. Climate changes have led to unpredictable weather conditions that can endanger farmer’s efforts with frequent hail, frost or drought. With increased global population, that is predicted to reach a number of 9.6 billion by ...


    By Agrivi Ltd

  • How green was my Vertical Farm?

    By 2050, 80% of the earth’s population will live in cities and 3 billion more people will need to be fed. The simple fact is we are running out of available land to grow enough food to feed them. If we can’t grow our cities outward to find more arable land, the only solution is to grow them upwards. This may change the way we design cities forever.The problem is real and immediate. Even by most ...


    By GLOBE Foundation

  • The cloud isn`t just for rain anymore

    Precision agriculture has been a key enabling technology to achieve higher yields with lower cost and less environmental impact, while keeping the cost of food fairly stable Has global agricultural productivity increased or decreased in the last 25 years? It has, in fact, more than doubled since 1985. Next to advances in seed genetics, precision agriculture has been a key enabling ...

  • Bumper 2011 Grain Harvest Fails to Rebuild Global Stocks

    The world’s farmers produced more grain in 2011 than ever before. Estimates from the U.S. Department of Agriculture show the global grain harvest coming in at 2,295 million tons, up 53 million tons from the previous record in 2009. Consumption grew by 90 million tons over the same period to 2,280 million tons. Yet with global grain production actually falling short of consumption in 7 ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Bankers, what are the risks of your peatland investments?

    The world’s increasing demand for palm oil and pulp wood for paper production attracts the private sector to invest more and more in these businesses in Indonesia and Malaysia. But are banks, the creditors of these businesses, aware of the risks of their investments in palm oil and ...


    By Wetlands International

  • 19 Things the AP Got Wrong

    The Associated Press recently published an article on “the secret environmental cost of U.S. ethanol policy.” There is much in this article that is too misleading, poor or deficient analysis, over-simplistic, or poorly drawn conclusions to comment on, but here are 19 big things the AP got wrong. ...


    By National Farmers Union

  • Ancient Trick for Soil Improvement

    Today, when every farmer is facing a battle of food production for a growing population, crop production has become much more intensive. These farm practices, which usually include monoculture, harm soil nutrient composition and deplete this valuable natural resource. Using the same crop on the same field keeps draining the soil of essential nutrients. Monoculture combined with intensive farm ...


    By Agrivi Ltd

  • Need for national soil policies for developing countries - some facts

    As a soil scientist working for more than 25 years, I am very much concerned with soil protection and conservation. In this process, I started collecting information related to national soil policies of different countries. To my surprise I could not get a well defined national soil policy for any one of the developing country? A developing country can be defined as , that country which has a ...

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