cattle feedlot Articles

  • Nutrient accumulation below cattle feedlot pens in Kansas

    Received for publication April 30, 2008. Waste excreted on cattle (Bos taurus) feedlot pens is a source of N and other nutrients that could potentially leach into soil and negatively impact local groundwater quality. Analyses of soil chemical and physical properties beneath active open air feedlot pens were conducted at four Kansas locations to determine nutrient accumulation. Results were ...

  • Composting Feedlot Manure

    Situated in the Texas panhandle is an area known as the Rolling Plains ecological region, a topography consisting primarily of open-range pasture and cropland. Approximately one-third of the Rolling Plains region is dedicated to production agriculture, where huge fields of wheat, cotton and sorghum extend into the distance for as far as the eye can see. The remaining area is native grassland, ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Effects of dried distillers` grains with solubles (wheat-based) in feedlot cattle diets on feces and manure composition

    The use of dried distillers' grains with solubles (DDGS) in feedlot cattle (Bos taurus) diets is increasing as the bio-ethanol industry expands. This study investigated how wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) DDGS-based diets impact feedlot cattle nutrient and volatile fatty acid (VFA) excretion. Feedlot heifers were fed DDGS at 0 (Control) 20, 40, 60% or 60% + Ca (1% limestone) of dietary dry matter. ...

  • Ammonia and hydrogen sulphide flux and dry deposition velocity estimates using vertical gradient method at a commercial beef cattle feedlot

    Ammonia and hydrogen sulphide flux and dry deposition velocity were estimated using micrometeorological vertical gradient flux method at a commercial cattle feedyard of approximately 50,000 head of beef cattle and average 14.4 m²/head (150 ft²/head) stocking density. Ammonia-N and H2S-S loss had general diurnal patterns with the highest fluxes in daytime and lowest fluxes in nighttime that ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • US feedlots and slaughterhouses: bounding industrial ecology with the extreme case

    The potential contribution of Industrial Ecology (IE) to sustainable development, though immense, remains elusive. This is due to the field boundaries whose demarcation lacks specificity. To address the challenge of boundary definition, an agro-industrial complex, the US Cattle Feedlot-Slaughterhouse System (CFSS), has been chosen to illustrate and provoke a discussion about where those ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Open-air windrows for winter disposal of frozen cattle mortalities: effects of ambient temperature and mortality layering

    After imposition of fees for disposal of cattle carcasses by the rendering industry, on-farm methods of mortality disposal are being investigated. Three open-air mortality compost windrows were constructed in January (JAN) and February (FEB) of 2004 in the cold, semiarid climate of southern Alberta, Canada. Windrow A included a base of barley straw a minimum of 46 cm thick, a layer of cattle ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • A biosecure composting system for disposal of cattle carcasses and manure following infectious disease outbreak

    Received for publication April 11, 2008. During outbreaks of infectious animal diseases, composting may be an effective method of disposing of mortalities and potentially contaminated manure. Duplicate biosecure structures containing 16 cattle (Bos taurus) mortalities (343 kg average weight) were constructed with carcasses placed on a 40-cm straw layer and overlaid with 160 cm of feedlot manure. ...

  • Empowering Alberta: Pioneering spirit gives boost to province`s alternative energy projects

    While biofuels are getting plenty of attention these days, biorefining - the process of converting biomass into biofuels and bioproducts that may also produce energy - is evolving. It's now at a point where organizations such as Alberta Life Sciences Institute, Alberta Agricultural Research Institute and the Alberta Forestry Research Institute are focused on positioning the provinces as a global ...


    By Himark bioGas Inc

  • Clean, green and powered by cow patties

    Two dome-like structures rise out of the thick ice fog of a Prairie winter day. From a distance, a science-fiction city seems to be taking shape on the rolling grasslands of east-central Alberta. Then, as you draw near, another sensation takes hold – the oppressively pungent odour of cow manure. On this day, the enveloping fog is making the smell worse than usual, explains Bern ...


    By Himark bioGas Inc

  • Closed loop system takes manure and methane

    A CONVERSION plant in Mead, Nebraska is processing manure and methane to create ethanol and compost. According to Nebraska Governor Dave Heineman: “This plant sets a new standard for ethanol production in this state and our nation, and is an example of the innovation needed to take this industry to the next level. It lets America get its automotive fuel from the croplands of the Midwest instead ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Prairie `agri-preneurs` battle megafarm waste

    Gwyn Morgan is the retired founding CEO of EnCana Corp. The revolting image of foaming green sludge washed up on a Lake Winnipeg beach in the Aug. 24 edition of Maclean's is part of, as the accompanying article states: "a putrid green mat, twice the size of PEI, and clearly visible from space ... The culprit isn't oil spills, toxic waste or even pesticides, but nutrient overloading from ...


    By Himark bioGas Inc

  • Energy`s `face of the future`

    With his slow smile, trademark black cowboy hat and soft-spoken manner, Evan Chrapko is very much a modern rural Albertan. He's completely at home in the muck and mire of a farm, but equally at ease in a boardroom or at a black-tie-and-champagne reception. Evan and his brother, Shane, part of a family that grew up on an organic farm in eastern Alberta, are also a face of the Green Future. Evan ...


    By Himark bioGas Inc

  • Have Your Steak and Eat It, Too

    In our recent feature, “Has Meat Met Its Match?,” writer Rowan Jacobsen explores ways people can (now and possibly in the future) reduce the environmental and food security impacts of their diets, including entomophagy (bug-eating), synthetic meat and vegetarian substitutes. If none of those fits your needs, there are plenty of other ways ...


    By Ensia

  • Fishing for a Solution

    As writer Rowan Jacobsen explores in our recent feature “Has Meat Met Its Match?,” animal agriculture’s hefty environmental footprint is creating interest in exploring ways to meet humans’ growing appetite for animal protein that extend beyond beef, chicken and pork. In some places, that ...


    By Ensia

  • Closed-Loop Companies

    At Big Rock Brewery, spent grain is used as cattle feed. Pictured here is brewmaster Paul Gautreau. Alberta may not always get an A-grade when it comes to the environment, but in some areas the province’s enterprises are on the leading edge. In industries from agriculture to forestry to beer, Alberta businesses are taking their own initiative to become closed-loop producers – that ...


    By Himark bioGas Inc

  • Cow-pattie power

    On a massive cattle feedlot located outside the town of Vegreville, Alta., the pungent odour of cow manure is masked by the sweet smell of the province’s energy future. Turning cattle dung — “brown gold,” as some call it — into green power and other valuable byproducts is a made-in-Alberta energy solution that is not only sustainable and energy efficient, but also ...


    By Himark bioGas Inc

  • Moving Up the Food Chain

    For most of the time that human beings have walked the earth, we lived as hunter-gatherers. The share of the human diet that came from hunting versus gathering varied with geographic location, hunting skills, and the season of the year. During the northern hemisphere winter, for instance, when there was little food to gather, people there depended heavily on hunting for survival. Our long history ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Compost Science & Utilization: Current research

    Materials and Methods Composting To Eradicate Fusarium Graminearum From Infested Livestock FeedInvestigators: Francis J. Larney, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Research Centre, Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada; T. Kelly Turkington, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Research Centre, Lacombe, Alberta, Canada Objectives: Fusarium head blight, caused by Fusarium graminearum, could potentially become a ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Cost-Benefit Analyses: Exploring the Economics of On-Farm Composting

    When exploring the merits of on-farm composting, the question most often raised is: What are the economics? How do the savings or revenues from on-farm composting compare to the costs? Of course, the answer is the ever present “it depends.” Expenses, resources, revenue opportunities, environmental constraints and circumstances vary greatly from one farm to the next. Most people would agree that ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

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