compost processing Articles

  • Field Testing Protocol For Compostable Packaging

    Compostable product disintegration trials conducted in British Columbia help lay groundwork for open source, field testing protocol. Compostable packaging holds great promise to aid in diverting food waste from landfill. However, even when certified compostable, the products disintegrate differently across facility types. A growing number of composting facilities see potential for ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Composting

    Introduction Composting is a controlled biological process by which organic contaminants (e.g., PAHs) are converted by microorganisms (under aerobic and anaerobic conditions) to innocuous, stabilized byproducts. Typically, thermophilic conditions (54 to 65 °C) must be maintained to properly compost soil contaminated with hazardous organic contaminants. The increased temperatures result from heat ...

  • The control of the process and compost quality

    The European Commission has adopted a new proposal on landfill whose objective it is to reduce the impact of waste disposal on the environment. The new directive introduces a series of new elements and provides for a number of safeguards with respect to both existing and new landfills. Disposal of waste is the option of last resort in the hierarchy of waste management principles; the Commission ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Composting Process and Organic Fertilizers Production

    Illustrated explanation of two broad stages that are usually applied in most composting facility. First, composting process that convert raw compost into mature compost. Second, organic fertilizers production that convert mature compost into granulated fertilizers. Feedstock for composting stage can be farm and animal husbandry wastes, biomass from plants, and biodegradables that have been sorted ...


    By CV Wirajasa Teknik Industri

  • Composting Roundup

    Cedar Rapids, Iowa: Ninja Food Scraps Collection Service Compost Ninja, an Iowa-based organics collection business founded by Aaron Hanson, started service on November 1, 2015. The Compost Ninja provides customers a 5-gallon bucket, which are set out weekly. The business currently has 39 residential and small business accounts in Iowa County, Linn County and Johnson County, Iowa. Each ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Composting of washed Ulva reticulata seaweed: process parameter variations and compost quality

    Co–composting process of unwashed (Run A) and washed (Run B) seaweed Ulva reticulata with bagasse and broiler litter was studied. Peak temperatures of 48.9°C and 55.2°C were recorded for Runs A and B, respectively. For Run A, the starting wet bulk density was 43.31 kgm–3 and increased by 5.2 times on day 23. Net biodegradable Volatile Solid (VS) reductions were 2.19 and 11.44% ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Cover-all building ideal for composting process

    Hy-Line International is a multi-million dollar company whose primary purpose is the sole production, multiplication and distribution of leghorn genetics.  At its Iowa facility in Dallas Center, Hy-Line chose to handle its hatchery by-product in a cost effective manner by combining it with field by-products, such as corn stocks and chicken manure, to create a compost product for ...


  • Odour emissions from MSW composting process steps

    This study brought to the definition and the calculation of Odour Emission Factors (OEFs), which enable the estimation of odour emissions from a composting plant by relating the quantity of odour emitted to the atmosphere to a given associated activity. The results show that the aerobic biological treatment has the highest odour impact, with an OEF of 1.4 ? 108 ouE t−1. Moreover, the efficiency ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Homogenous mixing for shortening of composting processes - Case Study

    Various treatment processes are used today for manufacturing compost, of which two are of particular interest in terms of mixing and treatment technology. They are open composting and container composting. In both cases e.g. sewage sludge (wet and dry), chopped paper, loppings, green waste, and sawdust are pre-mixed with the possible addition of small amounts of active substances. The task of ...


    By AVA GmbH u. Co. KG

  • Effect of covering composting piles with mature compost on ammonia emission and microbial community structure of composting process

    Received for publication February 14, 2008. To control ammonia (NH3) volatilization from the dairy cattle (Bos taurus) manure composting process, a compost pile was covered with mature compost and the gas emissions evaluated using the dynamic chamber system. The peak of NH3 volatilization observed immediately after piling up of the compost was reduced from 196 to 62 mg/m3 by covering the compost ...

  • Compost Express—How to Make Compost in Half the Time

    Fall is a terrific time for making compost, partly because leaves—which have a way of coming down this time of year—are a fantastic source of soil enriching nutrients. And since you probably plan to remove all those leaves from your lawn anyway, recycling them into your compost pile is a win-win proposition. Since leaves need to break down in order to integrate with the ...


    By DR Power Equipment

  • Compost Users Forum: The Applied Thoughts Of A Compost Theorist

    WITHIN a 60-mile radius of my office here in central California, there are 1,000 dairies — each having an average of 2,000 cows. They generate over four million tons of manure annually, so we are pretty much in the manure business whether we want to be or not. Somebody has to manage this material and help the farmers utilize it properly, fulfilling its potential monetary value. That’s what we ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Successful local composting in Casalbuono with Big Hanna composter

    In September 2016 another Big Hanna was inaugurated in Italy. Our latest composting project is situated in Casalbuono, a small town in the Province of Salerno in the south west part of Italy.  As always, our Italian partner Achab Group managed the installation and supervised the inauguration.  Negative effects from organic waste Casalbuono, is a ...


    By Susteco AB

  • Compost Users Forum: Compost Marketing Trends In The U.S.

    “We know there are limiting factors in this sector,” acknowledges Hans Van Dusen, who is on the contract implementation staff for Seattle Public Utilities. “Transient populations as well as space in downtown and older buildings are problematic, but multifamily recycling has emerged as a priority for the city.” Seattle has taken a number of steps to make its program more user friendly and flexible ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Composting Site Remediation Success

    Dorchester County, Maryland agreed to a remediation plan that involved composting the 140,000 tons of unprocessed feedstocks stored on site. An aggressive strategy has ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Composting in flanders: the vlaco experience

    Currently, the Flanders waste policy is based on the so-called ‘ladder of Lansink’. Six aerobic composting and one anaerobic digestion plant are operational for the treatment of biowaste. Some new composting plants are foreseen for 1999 and/or 2000. Composting retention time varies from 10 to 15 weeks. Green waste is treated in 15 open air composting plants. With respect to the use of compost ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Composting Advances in Oregon and Washington

    Over the years, different forces have served as drivers to help grow the composting industry. For example, in the late 1980s and early 1990s, it was the perceived landfill crisis that led to state bans on disposal of yard trimmings. Composting also has benefitted from a push to meet recycling goals, which has prompted states and local governments to go beyond yard trimmings and into such ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Composting in flanders: the vlaco experience

    In Belgium, waste policy mainly belongs to the responsibility of the regional authorities. Therefore, apart from some European regulations, Flanders, Wallonia and Brussels have their own laws, rules and strategies with respect to waste management. These different situations are inevitably related to the political, socio-economic and natural conditions of these regions. In execution of the Waste ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Phosphorus And Compost Use Dynamics

    Organic forms of phosphorus, such as biosolids and compost products, contain low to very low levels of water extractable phosphorus, but increasingly are regulated like inorganic P sources. Phosphorus is one of the 16 essential plant nutrients, and is considered one of the three major plant nutrients (along with nitrogen and potassium). Phosphorus is not only important in root development, but ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

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