composting performance Articles

  • Composting

    Introduction Composting is a controlled biological process by which organic contaminants (e.g., PAHs) are converted by microorganisms (under aerobic and anaerobic conditions) to innocuous, stabilized byproducts. Typically, thermophilic conditions (54 to 65 °C) must be maintained to properly compost soil contaminated with hazardous organic contaminants. The increased temperatures result from heat ...

  • Design and performance of a simulated feedstock for composting experiments

    This paper reviews the composition and performance of simulated feedstock mixtures previously employed in composting research, and presents a new simulated feedstock. The new feedstock was prepared using readily available dry ingredients - ostrich feed pellets, office paper, finished compost and woodchips - representing the substrate, amendment, seed, and bulking agent components of a composting ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Improving Performance · Processing Equipment Retrofit at Florida Composting Facility

    PALM Beach County, Florida may have been confused during the last presidential election but there is no confusion about management of the county’s organic waste stream. Palm Beach County has a population of approximately 1.2 million people and the Solid Waste Authority of Palm Beach County is responsible for the management and disposal of the solid waste that is generated here. The authority ...


  • Evaluation of composting performance of mixtures of chicken blood and maize stover in Harare, Zimbabwe

    Background: Chicken processing results in the production of a lot of blood which if disposed on land poses environmental hazards in terms of land pollution. The aim of the study was to develop an aerobic composting process for chicken blood to produce a nitrogen-rich soil amendment for use in agriculture. The study involved composting of blood and maize stover of different proportions (10%, 30%, ...

  • Compost Users Forum: The Applied Thoughts Of A Compost Theorist

    WITHIN a 60-mile radius of my office here in central California, there are 1,000 dairies — each having an average of 2,000 cows. They generate over four million tons of manure annually, so we are pretty much in the manure business whether we want to be or not. Somebody has to manage this material and help the farmers utilize it properly, fulfilling its potential monetary value. That’s what we ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Composting in Wiltshire-schools

    Background - St Laurence is a popular 11-18 Church of England Comprehensive School in Bradford- on-Avon, with specialist performing arts status. They achieved their bronze Eco-School status in April 2007 and are well on their way to achieving their silver award. The school's eco-group call themselves ECO (Environmental Care Organisation) and meet every few weeks. The group is facilitated by ...


    By Susteco AB

  • Australia : Maximizing Compostables At The Olympics

     Maximizing Compostables At The Olympics THE GOVERNMENT of New South Wales, Australia passed the Waste Minimization and Management Act in 1995, setting a reduction target of 60 percent. One indicator of how much commitment and infrastructure are available to reach this goal will be the success of the overall organics recycling achievements at the 2000 Summer Olympic Games in Sydney (see ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Composting Organics In Canada

    Organic waste diversion is spreading steadily across Canada, with greater tonnages being collected through residential curbside pick ups and depots, as well as from food processors and others in the industrial, commercial and institutional sectors. At the federal level, Canada’s government has a small presence in organics diversion and composting. It offers occasional financial support, as ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • College Composting Program Matures

    Untitled Document To meet the need for quality compost, Berea College now processes 35 tons of food residuals each year, providing jobs for ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Evaluating Microbiology of Compost

    The fact that not all compost is created equal has both producers and growers looking for ways to successfully evaluate compost quality. Traditional compost analysis has focused on NPK and micronutrient concentrations in an effort to mirror fertilizer analysis. Compost, however, is much more complex than fertilizer and its most significant value to the grower may be far more than its mineral ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Introducing … STA Certified Compost

    In a new development, the US Composting Council’s Seal of Testing Assurance Program can now be defined as a certification program. The US Composting Council (USCC) is celebrating the 15th year of its Seal of Testing Assurance (STA) Program. The overall purpose of the STA Program is to improve customer confidence in compost ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Composting Livestock Mortalities

    Performance, composting methods, environmental impacts and biosecurity of the process are evaluated for emergency disposal of cattle by research team at Iowa State University. A THREE-YEAR study was commissioned by the Iowa Department of Natural Resources to evaluate the practical feasibility, performance, environmental impacts and biosecurity of using composting for emergency disposal - should a ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Classification of Compost Turners

    Compost turner can be divided into 3 kinds. I would like to introduce them to you one by one. 1. Self-propelled Compost Turner Our self-propelled organic fertilizer turner is with 4 wheels. The whole body of the compost ...


    By Allance Fertilizer Machinery

  • Operator insights: compostable products

    Compostable products are increasingly a part of the formula when companies, institutions, municipal programs and special events decide to go green, usually to implement a food scraps diversion program. Due to increasing demand, the compostable products industry is growing rapidly, with many different options on the market. BioCycle has been covering developments in the compostable products ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Calculating capacity at composting sites

    The addition of new composting facilities or expansion of capacity at existing ones is becoming more and more difficult as feasible sites are taken out of circulation. This has created interest in maximizing the unit production of compost at composting sites so that they perform as efficiently as possible. The need is especially acute if physical expansion is not possible, but increases in ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Troubleshooting the Compost Pile

    While composting is a biological process, we as composters must provide the microorganisms that do the work with the conditions they need to do their job. If there is a problem with the system, then look at it from the point of view of the microbe. What does that microbe need to function, and why isn’t it functioning correctly? Microorganisms need a source of energy organic feedstocks to feed on ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Composting Food Residuals on Campus

    Two professors at the University of Wisconsin-River Falls (UW-RF) have used their knowledge of organics recycling projects to implement a food residuals composting program on campus. “It just makes sense in the long run to divert these materials now and lay the groundwork for the future,” says Bob Butler of the Agricultural Engineering Department, who is working closely with Jerry Nolte, an ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Innovations in Compost Facility Structures

    Untitled Document THE PROCESS of turning organic feedstocks - everything from yard trimmings, woody residuals, biosolids and manures - into compost involves moisture, heat and acids that can be tough on ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Contained Composting Systems Rewiew

    Having gained success in recycling yard trimmings, composters and recycling coordinators are reaching deeper into the organic residuals pile to capture other feedstocks. In particular, their sights are set on source separated food materials, from institutions (e.g. schools, hospitals), grocery stores and produce markets, food processors and commercial food service facilities (e.g. restaurants). A ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Improved performance of red worms (Eisenia andrei) in compost of cattle manure rinsed with water

    To achieve satisfactory results with vermiculture, it is important to know how many times to rinse cattle manure to eliminate salts. Treatments under evaluation were 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 or 7 rinses in a tap water: manure ratio of 1 : 1 (v/v). Electrical Conductivity (EC), Biomass of Worms (BW) and Number of Cocoons (NC) were evaluated. The EC ranged from 2.57 to 0.5 dS·m−1 for T0 and T4. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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