crop programme Articles

  • Emissions from Crops - POST Note

    Agriculture contributes 9% of the UK’s greenhouse-gas (GHG) emissions burden and 10-12% globally. Although there is a long-term declining trend from UK agriculture, the sector may account for a larger share of overall emissions in the future as other sectors reduce emissions. This POSTnote focuses on reducing GHG emissions from growing and storing arable and horticultural crops. ...


    By UK Parliament

  • Asia–Pacific Analysis: Plan for growth in biotech crops

    South-East Asian nations should follow the Philippines down the path to biotech crops for food security, argues Crispin Maslog. Since biotechnology-derived crops were introduced in 1996, they have been adopted at an unprecedented rate, according to the 2011 annual report of the International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications (ISAAA) released earlier this year. ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Enriching African soils key to boosting crop yields

    In African countries where farmers have access and can afford to buy fertiliser, there is a profound difference in agricultural yields, a feature in Nature notes. The red soil found across much of the continent is low in organic matter and key nutrients, and intensive farming in ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Measurement of photosynthetic performance in crop plants under South African climatic conditions

    A key objective of the research conducted by Dr Riekert van Heerden (riekert.vanheerden@nwu.ac.za) at North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa and Drs Kobie de Ronde (and team members) and Joseph Asiwe at the Agricultural Research Council (ARC–Vegetable and Ornamental Plant Institute & ARC–Grain Crop Institute) is to increase the production of crops important for the ...


    By PP Systems

  • Social and biophysical impacts of watershed development programmes: experiences from a micro-watershed area in India

    Rainwater conservation and soil erosion prevention are vital for the economic and financial sustainability of dry land agriculture. An integrated watershed development programme is thus a means of achieving these goals. Presently, integrated watershed management is receiving worldwide recognition as an effective model for watershed planning. A watershed is considered the basic geographical ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Concentrations of 61 Trace Elements in Sewage Sludge, Farmyard Manure, Mineral Fertiliser, Precipitation and in Oil and Crops

    This report details the concentrations of over 60 elements in sewage sludge from 48 sewage treatment plants across Sweden; manure from pigs and cattle from 12 farms; the most common NPK and P fertilisers (2 of each sort); precipitation during one year from Gårdsjön in west Sweden; 25 topsoil and 25 subsoil samples from a variety of soil types; and 20 samples of winter wheat grains and 5 samples ...

  • Advancements in chemistry are providing growers with flexibility when managing slug pressures in potato crops.

    Flexibility in slug control The mild and wet weather and lack of ground frosts seen this winter, means that being vigilant to slug activity will be key as we move into the potato planting season. Andrew Sprunt, Agrii’s Northern region potato technical agronomist, explains what growers can expect from the season ahead, and how to manage the potential impact at farm level, ...


    By Certis UK

  • Research carried out on the use of Amnite AG100 in hydroponically grown crops case study

    Project Objective AG100 is a microbially based product produced by Cleveland Biotech Limited UK. It consists of a mixture of components including bacteria. The product is supplied in a cellulose based semi permeable sachet ready for incubation. Work performed during the summer at Cockle Park Experimental Station, Northumberland England and Growers trials in Australia found that ...


    By Cleveland Biotech Ltd.

  • Cassava: a promising food security crop in Mutomo, a semi-arid food deficit district in Kitui County of Kenya

    Cassava is ideal for production and provision of carbohydrates in the marginal and drought-prone areas, which comprise about 80% of Kenya. However, its potential utilisation as a food security crop remains low in these areas. A major constraint to cassava production is lack of adequate disease and pest-free planting materials greatly exacerbated by its low multiplication rate. The Kenya ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Quantifying of farmers' acceptance and perception in developing kenaf, Hibiscus cannabinus, industry in Malaysia

    Kenaf is a new crop to farmers in Malaysia. Although kenaf has much potential as an alternative raw material to wood fibre, the cultivation is developing at slow pace. This paper aims to gather farmers' acceptance and perceptions on developing kenaf as a new industry. A survey to registered Kenaf farmers was conducted in the East Coast region of Malaysia through structured questionnaires and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • RMDF Case Study - Compost Mulch a Plum Choice

    ReMaDe Kent and Medway is managing a series of WRAP (the Waste & Resources Action Programme) funded trials on top fruit and other horticultural crops in Kent, the ‘Garden of England’, in order to develop the market for compost as a soil improver, and in this trial, as a mulch for young fruit trees. Twelve farms are taking part in the trials growing a wide range of crops, including strawberries, ...

  • Training Provision

    To help demonstrate the opportunities for growing energy crops and using farm residues in anaerobic digestion, we ran a series of training days for farmers. The events sought to address the technical challenges facing growers and the development of the sector, while providing a network for communication between members of the supply chain. Approach Working on ...


    By NNFCC

  • Using a Choice Experiment to Estimate Farmers’ Valuation of Agrobiodiversity on Hungarian Small Farms

    Agrobiodiversity is a crucial environmental resource. Much of the agrobiodiversity remaining in situ today is found on the semi-subsistence farms of poorer countries and the small-scale farms or home gardens of more industrialised nations. The traditional farms of Hungary are an example. Labelled “home gardens” as a reflection of their institutional identity during the collectivisation period, ...


    By Springer

  • Impact of Agri-environment measures

    The application of agri-environment contracts concerning 1 farmer in every 7 and delivering environmental services over 20% of European farmland, marks a very significant step towards sustainability. The target set in the 5th Environmental Action Programme of 15% coverage by 2000 has thus already been exceeded. The requirement on Member States to apply the regulation throughout their territories ...

  • Supply- and demand-side management of water in Gujarat, India: what can we learn?

    Agriculture in Gujarat has grown rapidly over the last decade, driven at least partly by diversification to high value crops and dairying. High value agriculture requires better water control and offers higher returns for irrigation. Farmers, farm communities and the state government in Gujarat have responded to this requirement by implementing large-scale water supply and demand management ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ethiopia’s seed banks and the search for food security

    The community seed bank in Chefe Donsa, a village two hours’ drive east of the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa, collects and preserves the seeds of local crops to ensure farmers have a steady supply of seeds to sow each year. The Chefe Donsa seed bank is just one of 13 established in different climatic areas of the country. The nation’s central seed bank, which the Ethiopian Institute ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • HCBD uptake into edible plant

    Client: Confidential Location: UK Services: Research and Development, Human Health Risk Assessment Summary: This research programme increased the knowledge base regarding uptake of HCBD, enabling a better understanding of exposures to this compound in the environment During discussions with the public and within ...

  • Rethinking food production for a world of eight billion

    The World Food Programme and the Chinese government jointlyannounced that food aid shipments to China would stop at the end of theyear. For a country where a generation ago hundreds of millions of peoplewere chronically hungry, this was a landmark achievement. Not only hasChina ended its dependence on food aid, but almost overnight it has becomethe world’s third largest food aid donor. The key to ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Agricultural water reuse in Nicaragua: extent, actual practices, perception and perspectives

    Data on the extent of water reuse, its characteristics and social perception is scarce, notably for developing countries. To characterize reuse in Nicaragua, a water-rich country, use of effluents from 22 wastewater treatment plants was surveyed on-site, in combination with a literature review and surveys of government institutions, water utilities and farmers. It was found that 50% of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Science’s role in growing diverse, nutritious food

    Can science meet the demand for more diverse and nutritious food? Jan Piotrowski investigates. The riots that swept Africa in 2007 and 2008 in response to the spiralling costs of staple crops brought the effects of food shortages into sharp focus. Images of unrest circled the globe, and the consequent instability brought to the forefront of political debate a question that had ...


    By SciDev.Net

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