irrigation system Articles

  • Irrigation Systems and Practices in Challenging Environments

    The book Irrigation Systems and Practices in Challenging Environments is divided into two interesting sections, with the first section titled Agricultural Water Productivity in Stressed Environments, which consists of nine chapters technically crafted by experts in their own right in their fields of expertise. Topics range from effects of irrigation on the physiology of plants, deficit irrigation ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Distribution of moisture and salinity under deficit irrigation and irrigation water salinity in an alternative trickle irrigation system of tape

    This study was performed to investigate the horizontal and vertical distribution of soil moisture and salinity using an alternative trickle irrigation system of drip tape. Four main treatments consisting of 100, 80, 70, and 60% of the plants’ water requirements and three sub-treatments of 2.1, 4.6, and 10.2 dS/m, were conducted. Following irrigation, the soil moisture and salinity ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Irrigation by Sewage Effluents in Yemen

    Yemen is the least advanced country among Middle East Countries in the sewage reuse and safety control. The current sewage effluent quality in Yemen is generally poor as none of the existing sewage treatment plants produces effluents comply with the effluent quality regulations. The oxidation and stabilization ponds are considered the most appropriate for the warm climate conditions in the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Variable Demand Irrigation

    2,000 GPM Turbine pump supplies four 500 GPM pivot sprinklers After three VFD’s failed in less than five years, this farmer decided to try a Cycle Stop Valve. Three years later there have been no problems with the CSV. The system is able to supply one pivot just as easily as all four pivots when ...


    By Cycle Stop Valves, Inc.

  • Assessment of different irrigation systems in Albaji Plain

    The objective of this research was to compare different irrigation methods based on a parametric evaluation system in an area of 16,350 ha in the Albaji Plain of the Khuzestan Province, in the southwest of Iran. The soil properties of the study area such as texture, depth, electrical conductivity, drainage, calcium carbonate content and slope were derived from a semi-detailed soil study carried ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Delta drainage and irrigation system, complex multifunction hydraulic system analysis

    Introduction: Delta, British Columbia is located in the Fraser River delta on the shores of the Pacific Ocean, just south of the City of Vancouver. Delta comprises mostly agricultural land, with typical ground elevations near sea level. Levees protect the area from potential floods from the Fraser River and tidal surges from the Pacific Ocean. Of the 13,500 hectares (ha) ...


    By XP Solutions

  • Morocco: Irrigation water pricing policy of large scale irrigation projects

    In Morocco, the consequence of increased industrialization and a rapidly growing population accentuated by a progressive shift from rural to urban living. This resulted in the growth of requirements for the quality and quantity of water resources, their more intensive and comprehensive use. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Implementing participatory irrigation management in Thailand

    Participatory Irrigation Management (PIM) was formally adopted in Thailand in 2004. The involvement of farmers in water management decision making is necessary to meet the implementation challenges of this initiative. As such, the research presented in this paper considered the level of farmer involvement in water management and decision making, and the lessons learned by both government ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Monitoring Water Resources Beyond Irrigation

    Over the past year, California’s governor has taken unprecedented action, requiring Californians to drastically cut potable urban water use. While the restrictions may seem harsh to some, it actually provides an opportunity for building managers and community association boards to implement an effective long-term water conservation program. And the result can be significant dollar savings. ...


    By WaterSignal

  • Water pricing and irrigation across Europe: opportunities and constraints for adopting irrigation scheduling decision support systems

    Despite the plethora of irrigation scheduling decision support systems that have been developed over the past decades, there is little evidence of widespread adoption by farmers. This paper investigates the structural, institutional and political rigidities that affect the adoption of irrigation scheduling technologies in southern European countries and highlights the corresponding ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Georgetown, Texas Irrigation System Master Plan and Reclaimed Water Program

    ABSTRACTThe City of Georgetown, Texas is a rapidly growing community located about 30 miles north of Austin in central Texas. Georgetown is situated on the recharge zone of the Edwards Aquifer, a major groundwater resource in central Texas. The City relies on groundwater resources for about half of its drinking water supply. The other half of its drinking water supply is provided by Lake ...

  • A two-stage evolutionary optimization approach for an irrigation system design

    In this work, an optimal design of a water distribution network is proposed for large irrigation networks. The proposed approach is built upon an existing optimization method (NSGA-II), but the authors are proposing its effective application in a new two-step optimization process. The aim of the paper is to demonstrate that not only is the choice of method important for obtaining good ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Behavior of atrazine in limited irrigation cropping systems in Colorado: prior use is important

    Received for publication October 28, 2008. Glyphosate-resistant (GR) corn may be a major component of new cropping systems to optimize the use of limited irrigation water supply while sustaining production. Because atrazine is an important tool for residual weed control in GR corn, we examined atrazine binding to soil, dissipation, movement, and early season weed control in limited and full ...

  • Performance evaluation of condensation–irrigation solar system under arid climate conditions

    Scarcity of water, major critical concern in arid areas, has led to the use of low–quality irrigation water in agriculture in most of arid climate areas. The quality of water used for agriculture has to be reduced to a sustainable level that is also adapted to the environment. This paper presents the performance of a pilot condensation irrigation (CI) solar system in Tunisia under arid climate ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Designing a rainwater harvesting system for urban green roof irrigation

    Green roof systems have been suggested to ease the growing urban environmental problems resulting from rapid urbanization. However, the irrigation of green roofs heavily depends on using precious potable water and consequently generates negative environmental effects. Rainwater has been recommended to address this dilemma, but the design method has not been well developed. In this study, the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Behavior of atrazine in Limited Irrigation Cropping Systems in Colorado: Prior use is important

    Glyphosate-resistant (GR) corn may be a major component of new cropping systems to optimize the use of limited irrigation water supply while sustaining production. Because atrazine is an important tool for residual weed control in GR corn, we examined atrazine binding to soil, dissipation, movement, and early season weed control in limited and full irrigation cropping systems. These systems ...

  • Assessing selenium contamination in the irrigated stream–aquifer system of the Arkansas river, Colorado

    Received for publication December 4, 2008. Prudent interventions for reducing selenium (Se) in groundwater and streams within an irrigated river valley must be guided by a sound understanding of current field conditions. An emerging picture of the nature of Se contamination within the Lower Arkansas River Valley in Colorado is provided by data from a large number of groundwater and surface water ...

  • Unique Approach for Sizing a Reclaimed Water Spray Irrigation System Maximizes Benefits

    In 2004, the City of Raleigh Public Utilities Department (CORPUD) initiated a reclaimed water spray irrigation system project to irrigate approximately 130 acres of its existing 1,030-acre farmland used in the past to land apply Class B biosolids. Unlike typical land application or reclaimed water irrigation systems, the primary driver was not to minimize surface water discharge, but rather to ...

  • Expanding the applications of micro irrigation `Drip` treatment and disposal systems in Delaware

    Abstract An 18–month field evaluation of four micro–irrigation "drip" treatment and disposal systems was conducted to determine if reducing the separation distance between the bottom of the drip–line and the seasonal high water table (limiting condition) could be reduced from 18 inches to 12 inches. In this study three systems did not have advanced ...


    By Geoflow, Inc.

  • Wastewater retreatment and reuse system for agricultural irrigation in rural villages

    Climate changes and continuous population growth increase water demands that will not be met by traditional water resources, like surface and ground water. To handle increased water demand, treated municipal wastewater is offered to farmers for agricultural irrigation. This study aimed to enhance the effluent quality from worn-out sewage treatment facilities in rural villages, retreat effluent ...


    By IWA Publishing

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