irrigation system Articles

  • Irrigation Systems and Practices in Challenging Environments

    The book Irrigation Systems and Practices in Challenging Environments is divided into two interesting sections, with the first section titled Agricultural Water Productivity in Stressed Environments, which consists of nine chapters technically crafted by experts in their own right in their fields of expertise. Topics range from effects of irrigation on the physiology of plants, deficit irrigation ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Variable Demand Irrigation

    2,000 GPM Turbine pump supplies four 500 GPM pivot sprinklers After three VFD’s failed in less than five years, this farmer decided to try a Cycle Stop Valve. Three years later there have been no problems with the CSV. The system is able to supply one pivot just as easily as all four pivots when ...


    By Cycle Stop Valves, Inc.

  • Distribution of moisture and salinity under deficit irrigation and irrigation water salinity in an alternative trickle irrigation system of tape

    This study was performed to investigate the horizontal and vertical distribution of soil moisture and salinity using an alternative trickle irrigation system of drip tape. Four main treatments consisting of 100, 80, 70, and 60% of the plants’ water requirements and three sub-treatments of 2.1, 4.6, and 10.2 dS/m, were conducted. Following irrigation, the soil moisture and salinity ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Irrigation by Sewage Effluents in Yemen

    Yemen is the least advanced country among Middle East Countries in the sewage reuse and safety control. The current sewage effluent quality in Yemen is generally poor as none of the existing sewage treatment plants produces effluents comply with the effluent quality regulations. The oxidation and stabilization ponds are considered the most appropriate for the warm climate conditions in the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessment of different irrigation systems in Albaji Plain

    The objective of this research was to compare different irrigation methods based on a parametric evaluation system in an area of 16,350 ha in the Albaji Plain of the Khuzestan Province, in the southwest of Iran. The soil properties of the study area such as texture, depth, electrical conductivity, drainage, calcium carbonate content and slope were derived from a semi-detailed soil study carried ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Irrigation Systems 101: What you need to know

    In the perfect scenario everyone could rely on rainwater for their farming practices, but this is not always the case. This is why employing the right choice from the different irrigation systems available is crucial for agricultural success. Irrigation systems are basically an artificial way to provide water to fertile soil for agricultural purposes. Crop irrigation is necessary to ...


    By GR Trailers LLC

  • Delta Drainage and Irrigation System - Case Study

    Background Delta, British Columbia is located in the Fraser River delta on the shores of the Pacific Ocean, just south of the City of Vancouver. Delta comprises mostly agricultural land, with typical ground elevations near sea level. Levees protect the area from potential floods from the Fraser River and tidal surges from the Pacific Ocean. Of the 13,500 hectares (ha) watershed, ...


    By XP Solutions

  • Constraints to irrigation water conservation implementation

    Owing to the soil nutrients erosivity by water flow the amount of minerals of water resources differ from place to place. When the irrigation take place the water taken from reservoirs the amount of minerals found in water is measured and the crops can be cultivated accordingly. TDS meter was used in my research in the cultivating lands in Vavuniya and Mannar Districts in Northern Part of ...


  • Morocco: Irrigation water pricing policy of large scale irrigation projects

    In Morocco, the consequence of increased industrialization and a rapidly growing population accentuated by a progressive shift from rural to urban living. This resulted in the growth of requirements for the quality and quantity of water resources, their more intensive and comprehensive use. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Implementing participatory irrigation management in Thailand

    Participatory Irrigation Management (PIM) was formally adopted in Thailand in 2004. The involvement of farmers in water management decision making is necessary to meet the implementation challenges of this initiative. As such, the research presented in this paper considered the level of farmer involvement in water management and decision making, and the lessons learned by both government ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water pricing and irrigation across Europe: opportunities and constraints for adopting irrigation scheduling decision support systems

    Despite the plethora of irrigation scheduling decision support systems that have been developed over the past decades, there is little evidence of widespread adoption by farmers. This paper investigates the structural, institutional and political rigidities that affect the adoption of irrigation scheduling technologies in southern European countries and highlights the corresponding ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Designing a rainwater harvesting system for urban green roof irrigation

    Green roof systems have been suggested to ease the growing urban environmental problems resulting from rapid urbanization. However, the irrigation of green roofs heavily depends on using precious potable water and consequently generates negative environmental effects. Rainwater has been recommended to address this dilemma, but the design method has not been well developed. In this study, the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Organisational strategies in situations of water scarcity: self-administered irrigation systems in Mexico

    A systematic comparison of in-depth case studies of self-organisation for the administration, maintenance and construction of irrigation systems seems to offer interesting and suggestive results in terms of gaining familiarity with and analysing the capacity for self-organisation, as well as for discovering and classifying different organisational responses to similar types of problems. This ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Behavior of atrazine in limited irrigation cropping systems in Colorado: prior use is important

    Received for publication October 28, 2008. Glyphosate-resistant (GR) corn may be a major component of new cropping systems to optimize the use of limited irrigation water supply while sustaining production. Because atrazine is an important tool for residual weed control in GR corn, we examined atrazine binding to soil, dissipation, movement, and early season weed control in limited and full ...

  • Performance evaluation of condensation–irrigation solar system under arid climate conditions

    Scarcity of water, major critical concern in arid areas, has led to the use of low–quality irrigation water in agriculture in most of arid climate areas. The quality of water used for agriculture has to be reduced to a sustainable level that is also adapted to the environment. This paper presents the performance of a pilot condensation irrigation (CI) solar system in Tunisia under arid ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A two-stage evolutionary optimization approach for an irrigation system design

    In this work, an optimal design of a water distribution network is proposed for large irrigation networks. The proposed approach is built upon an existing optimization method (NSGA-II), but the authors are proposing its effective application in a new two-step optimization process. The aim of the paper is to demonstrate that not only is the choice of method important for obtaining good ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Georgetown, Texas Irrigation System Master Plan and Reclaimed Water Program

    ABSTRACTThe City of Georgetown, Texas is a rapidly growing community located about 30 miles north of Austin in central Texas. Georgetown is situated on the recharge zone of the Edwards Aquifer, a major groundwater resource in central Texas. The City relies on groundwater resources for about half of its drinking water supply. The other half of its drinking water supply is provided by Lake ...

  • Institutional response to external disturbances in spate irrigation systems of Punjab, Pakistan

    Social ecological systems (SESs) - spate irrigation system in our case - operate under an environment of stress due to several external and contextual factors. Spate irrigation systems are more complex due to uncertain flows and can exhibit unexpected changes due to novel shocks. Therefore, actions directed at enhancing robustness to a particular set of disturbances can trigger changes in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Decision support system for irrigation maintenance in Indonesia: a multi-objective optimization study

    Maintenance of irrigation infrastructure is essential to sustain food production and farmers' earnings. Given the shortage of funds for maintenance in developing countries, it is critical to understand the degradation of the function of irrigation systems so that optimal budget allocations can be made. A case study of Indonesia proposes an Infrastructure Density Index that can be used to justify ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Expanding the applications of micro irrigation `Drip` treatment and disposal systems in Delaware

    Abstract An 18–month field evaluation of four micro–irrigation "drip" treatment and disposal systems was conducted to determine if reducing the separation distance between the bottom of the drip–line and the seasonal high water table (limiting condition) could be reduced from 18 inches to 12 inches. In this study three systems did not have advanced ...


    By Geoflow, Inc.

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