manure transport Articles

  • Nutrient transport characteristics of livestock manure in a farmlan

    Background :Livestock excretions containing high concentration of nutrient, pig liquid fertilizer, and cattle manure were applied to agricultural land. The characteristics of nutrient transport were examined in surface runoff and groundwater by an artificial rainfall event at real scale field site. Also, the effects of the artificial rainfall event on the characteristics of residual soil after ...

  • Transport Of Fecal Bacteria From Poultry Litter and Cattle Manures Applied to Pastureland

    Abstract  Land applications of manure from confined animal systems and direct deposit by grazing animals are both major sources of bacteria in streams. An understanding of the overland transport mechanisms from land applied waste is needed to improve design of best management practices (BMPs) and modeling of nonpoint source (NPS) pollution. Plots were established on pasturelands receiving ...


  • Transport of lincomycin to surface and ground water from manure-amended cropland

    Livestock manure containing antimicrobials becomes a possible source of these compounds to surface and ground waters when applied to cropland as a nutrient source. The potential for transport of the veterinary antimicrobial lincomycin to surface waters via surface runoff and to leach to ground water was assessed by monitoring manure-amended soil, simulated rainfall runoff, snowmelt runoff, and ...

  • Escherichia coli transport from surface-applied manure to subsurface drains through artificial biopores

    Received for publication March 3, 2009. Bacteria transport in soils primarily occurs through soil mesopores and macropores (e.g., biopores and cracks). Field research has demonstrated that biopores and subsurface drains can be hydraulically connected. This research was conducted to investigate the importance of surface connected and disconnected (buried) biopores on Escherichia coli (E. coli) ...

  • Effect of tillage and rainfall on transport of manure-applied cryptosporidium parvum oocysts through soil

    Received for publication September 30, 2008. Most waterborne outbreaks of cryptosporidiosis have been attributed to agricultural sources due to the high prevalence of Cryptosporidium oocysts in animal wastes and manure spreading on farmlands. No-till, an effective conservation practice, often results in soil having higher water infiltration and percolation rates than conventional tillage. We ...

  • Closed loop system takes manure and methane

    A CONVERSION plant in Mead, Nebraska is processing manure and methane to create ethanol and compost. According to Nebraska Governor Dave Heineman: “This plant sets a new standard for ethanol production in this state and our nation, and is an example of the innovation needed to take this industry to the next level. It lets America get its automotive fuel from the croplands of the Midwest instead ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Animal Manure or Sludge Organic Fertilizer Production

    Introduction of Animal Manure or Sludge Organic Fertilizer Production Line Organic fertilizer production line is designed for producing organic fertilizer from animal manure or sludge, without any chemical ingredients. As chickens, pigs have a poor digestion, can only consume 25% of the nutrients, so other 75% of feed nutrients with feces discharge can be produced to the dry ...

  • Linking Wisconsin dairy and grain farms via manure transfer for corn production

    One relatively under-used manure management strategy employed by dairy farmers is to transport and apply manure onto the fields of nearby grain farmers. While this system offers advantages to both parties, little of the existing research on manure management has been conducted on grain farms. As part of an effort to link grain and livestock farms in southern Wisconsin, 20 on-farm trials were ...

  • Anaerobic co-digestion of cattle manure with rice straw: economic & energy feasibility

    Rice straw (RS) is one of the most abundant wastes generated in Valencia (Spain). Traditional waste disposal methods are harmful to the environment. The straw burning emits large amounts of toxic air pollutants and the straw burying produces uncontrolled anaerobic fermentation in the soil. The aim of this research was to evaluate the feasibility of cow manure anaerobic co-digestion with RS in a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Formation and emissions of ammonia and greenhouse gases from stored and composted solid animal manure

    Beside other branches of industry, agriculture is an important source of methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions and the most important source of ammonia (NH3). In spite of several investigations concerning ammonia and greenhouse gas emissions during storage and composting of liquid and solid animal manure, the real extent of these emissions is still unknown. This is mainly because of the ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Rainfall-induced release of microbes from manure: model development, parameter estimation, and uncertainty evaluation on small plots

    A series of simulated rainfall-runoff experiments with applications of different manure types (cattle solid pats, poultry dry litter, swine slurry) was conducted across four seasons on a field containing 36 plots (0.75 × 2 m each), resulting in 144 rainfall-runoff events. Simulating time-varying release of Escherichia coli, enterococci, and fecal coliforms from manures applied at typical ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Estimating Phosphorus loss in runoff from manure and fertilizer for a Phosphorus loss quantification tool

    Nonpoint-source pollution of fresh waters by P is a concern because it contributes to accelerated eutrophication. Given the state of the science concerning agricultural P transport, a simple tool to quantify annual, field-scale P loss is a realistic goal. We developed new methods to predict annual dissolved P loss in runoff from surface-applied manures and fertilizers and validated the methods ...

  • Transport and fate of estrogenic hormones in slurry-treated soil monoliths

    Received for publication October 29, 2007. The naturally occurring hormones, such as 17-β-estradiol, 17-{alpha}-estradiol, and estrone, present in livestock manure may have detrimental environmental effects if released into surface waters. In areas where manure application is intensive, estrogens have been found in surface waters in concentrations known to affect the endocrine system of fish ...

  • Evaluation of Phosphorus source coefficients as predictors of runoff Phosphorus concentrations

    Received for publication December 27, 2007. Many states have adopted a P site index (PSI) as a risk assessment tool to determine when P-based nutrient management is required for a given agricultural field. Some PSIs use a weighting factor, the phosphorus source coefficient (PSC), to account for differences in P solubility between organic P sources. Information relating to appropriate values of ...

  • Latest Progress in Anaerobic Digestion

    Compared to countries like Germany and Denmark, the United States and Canada have a long way to go in creating the fundamental policy incentives and regulatory mandates that will encourage market development for anaerobic digestion (AD). Someone recently asked me how many years it would take to deploy AD systems on farms in North America that are large enough to economically use them. Given ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Worming the way to finished compost

    SCREENING AND GRINDING When materials from CR&R and other generators are unloaded, a preliminary screening separates out nonorganic contaminants.    Even though there are source separated programs in places like Temecula and Lake Elsinore, there is the occasional appearance of plastic and glass that needs to be sorted out. Next, Bodlak’s crews put materials through a Vermeer tub ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Biology at work

    Leading edge renewable energy technology came to Woodstock this week, courtesy of Canada's Outdoor Farm Show. Trevor Nickel, assistant general manager with Highmark Renewables Research, showed off a mobile Integrated Manure Utilization System (IMUS) biogas unit transported from Alberta to Ontario just for the three-day show. The newest exhibit documents the process of anaerobic digestion and ...


    By Himark bioGas Inc

  • Project aims to produce fertilizer from wastes

    With the highest cattle density in northeastern Wisconsin and urban sprawl sprawling, Brown County has accelerated its investigation into how to handle growing amounts of dairy manure and industrial wastes spread on a diminishing land base.Applying waste on limited crop acreage has led to groundwater contamination issues and pollution problems of lower Green Bay.The solution lies in a value-added ...


    By FEECO International, Inc.

  • Financing an anaerobic digester

    LENDERS are generally well disposed to projects that diversify revenues while lowering costs and mitigating risks. Add a ready source of equity and you are well on the way toward financing a project that is a win-win proposition for the lender and the project developer. Such is the case with the anaerobic digester project at Geerlings Hillside Farm (GHF). The Geerlings's 8,000-head hog farm is ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Building a Business with Nutrient Management

    Laurelbrook Farm is a third-generation dairy farm in East Cannan, Connecticut. The Jacquier family owns 275 acres, and rents an additional 2,500 acres for cropping, to support a herd of 830 cows. The family began composting three years ago as part of the farm’s nutrient management plan, as well as to determine the market for compost in the area. “In 2003 the Environmental Protection ...


    By Eggersmann GmbH

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