crop yield Books

  • Designing Crops for Added Value

    Today adding value is more than adding yield or other agronomic traits of interest primarily to the producer. Adding value is meeting the need of a customer who is willing to pay more to receive a uniform and distinct cultivar with assurance of more oil, more protein, more malt, better amino acid composition, unique fatty acid composition, longer ...

  • Advanced Oil Crop Biorefineries

    In Europe, the main oil-rich crops are sunflower, rapeseed and olive which are grown primarily for food. This book discusses how to convert this whole crop into energy (fuels, power and heat), food and bioproducts (chemicals and/or materials), whilst making optimal use of the by-products generated during farming/harvesting, primary processing (oil ...

  • Irrigation of Agricultural Crops, Second Edition

    Irrigation is one of the most important human activities sustaining civilization. On average, irrigated crop yields are double those from unirrigated land. It has been estimated that to meet the needs of the 8 billion population by 2025, the irrigated area must expand more than 20% and irrigated crop yields must improve by 40% above current ...

  • Crop Field Response to Deficit Irrigation

    With limited water resources to divert for agriculture, innovations aimed at increasing efficient use of irrigation water must be developed. Among the means to survive the consequences of water scarcity and yet to sustain high crop production under irrigated agriculture with decreasing share of water, deficient irrigation programs are highly ...

  • Insurance of crops in developing countries (English)

    Series: FAO Agricultural Services BulletinsThis publication is primarily concerned with risks to arable and horticultural crops, and the applicability of insurance to managing these risks. Its purpose is to provide an introductory overview of crop and forestry insurance. It begins by defining the boundaries for these types of insurance products in ...

  • Micronutrient Deficiencies in Global Crop Production

    A deficiency of one or more of the eight plant micronutrients (boron, chlorine, copper, iron, manganese, molybdenum, nickel and zinc) will adversely affect both the yield and quality of crops. Micronutrient deficiencies in crops occur in many parts of the world, at various scales (from one to millions of hectares), but differences in soil ...

  • Functional-Structural Plant Modelling in Crop Production

    Functional-structural plant models (FSPMs) describe in quantitative terms the development over time of the three-dimensional (3D) structure of plants as governed by physiological processes and affected by environmental factors. FSPMs are particularly suited to analyse problems in which the spatial structure of the plant or its canopy is an ...

  • Functional-Structural Plant Modelling in Crop Production

    Functional-structural plant models (FSPMs) describe in quantitative terms the development over time of the three-dimensional (3D) structure of plants as governed by physiological processes and affected by environmental factors. FSPMs are particularly suited to analyse problems in which the spatial structure of the plant or its canopy is an ...

  • Improvement of Crop Plants for Industrial End Uses

    Advanced biotechnologies enable breeders to produce a whole generation of new crops for specialist needs ('designer crops'), including raw materials for the energy, chemical and pharmaceutical industries. This book provides concerns useful to promote an increase of the productivity of crops by using functional genomics (to understand the ...

  • Modelling water and nutrient dynamics in soil-crop systems

    Soil-crop-atmosphere interactions play a central role in the multiple functions of rural landscapes. Agro-ecosystem models are increasingly used to support decision making on different scales towards sustainable land use and management.This is accompanied by a demand of model users for model validation to get an idea about the reliability of ...

  • Breeding Plantation Tree Crops: Tropical Species

    Tree species are indispensable to human needs. Due to their long life cycle and environmental sensitivity, breeding trees for sustainable production is a formidable challenge on order to meet the demands of growing human population and industries. Fruit crops such as apple, cocoa, mango, citrus, litchi, pear, dates, and coconut or industrial crops ...

  • Breeding Plantation Tree Crops: Temperate Species

    Tree species are indispensable to human needs. Due to their long life cycle and environmental sensitivity, breeding trees for sustainable production is a formidable challenge in order to meet the demands of growing human population and industries. Fruit crops such as apple, cocoa, mango, citrus, litchi, pear, dates, and coconut or industrial crops ...

  • Advances in Molecular Breeding Toward Drought and Salt Tolerant Crops

    Plant stress caused by drought and salinity are among the major constraints on crop production and food security worldwide. Breeding programs to improve crop yield in dry and saline environments have progressed slowly due to our limited understanding of the underlying physiological, biochemical, developmental, and genetic mechanisms that determine ...

  • Tropical crop-livestock systems in conservation agriculture. The Brazilian experience (En)

    Series: Integrated Crop ManagementThis publication describes how pasture, fodder and livestock production have been integrated into conservation agriculture systems in Brazil's tropical zones. Vast areas of forest have been cleared in the tropical areas of Brazil for establishment of pastures that become unproductive once the native fertility of ...

  • Explore on-farm. On-farm trials for adapting and adopting good agricultural practices (En)

    Explore On-farm aims at improving sustainable production of rainfed wheat-based farming systems. It brings researchers, farmers and extension agents together, on-farm, to carry out guided and collaborative crop trials. The trials should lead to the identification and reduction of constraints to productivity and to the adaptation of general ...

  • Management, Performance, and Applications of Micro Irrigation Systems

    Management, Performance, and Applications of Micro Irrigation Systems, the fourth volume in the Research Advances in Sustainable Micro Irrigation series, emphasizes sustainable and meaningful methods of irrigation to counter rampant water scarcity. In many parts of the world, this scarcity significantly affects crop yield, crop quality, and, ...

  • Genotype x environment interactions. Challenges and opportunities for plant breeding and cultivar recommendations (includes a CD-ROM) (En)

    Series: FAO Plant Production and Protection PapersGenotype x environment interactions, leading to inconsistency of best-yielding material across cropping environments, challenges plant breeders and complicates cultivar recommendation. However, it may also offer opportunities, e.g. raising yields through material specifically adapted to a given ...

  • Oilseeds

    Genome Mapping and Molecular Breeding in Plants presents the current status of the elucidation and improvement of plant genomes of economic interest. The focus is on genetic and physical mapping, positioning, cloning, monitoring of desirable genes by molecular breeding and the most recent advances in genomics. The series comprises seven volumes: ...

  • Soil Fertility: QUEFTS and Farmers’ Perceptions Free to Non-OECD Countries

    Soil fertility is one of many factors influencing farmers’ choices regarding agricultural production, fertilisation and soil and water conservation. However, before we can study the effects of soil fertility, we need to measure it. We use the QUEFTS model (Quantitative Evaluation of the Fertility of Tropical Soils Janssen et al, 1990) which ...

  • Water Requirements for Irrigation and the Environment

    Irrigated agriculture produces about 40% of all food and fibre on about 16% of all cropped land. As such, irrigated agriculture is a productive user of resources; both in terms of yield per cropped area and in yield per volume of water consumed. Many irrigation projects, however, use (divert or withdraw) much more water than consumed by the crop. ...

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