agriculture irrigation system Articles

  • Root vegetables harvest and farm development

    Root vegetables season The autumn start is the time when vegetable producers have a lot of work. A collection of vegetables begins. Tension and nerves are often associated with it. All because the priority for farmers is to collect crops for which they worked hard all year round. It is important to make a good choice and select the machines suitable to your needs and four farm ...


    By Weremczuk Agromachines

  • Analysis of the hydraulics of the irrigation canals of Otrar, Kazakhstan

    Surveys of relic canals at the Oasis of Otrar in Kazakhstan have been used to re-construct patterns of agricultural water use for irrigation between AD700 and AD1500. Hydraulic simulation software was used to calculate the water carrying capacity of historical irrigation canal networks. An analysis of modern day irrigation systems has enabled the calibration of crop water use models and an ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Irrigation - Water Management, Pollution and Alternative Strategies

    Irrigated agriculture is the most significant user of fresh water in the world and, due to the large area occupied, is one of the major pollution sources for the water resources. This book comprises 12 chapters that cover different issues and problematics of irrigated agriculture: from water use in different irrigated systems to pollution generated by irrigated agriculture. Moreover, the book ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Agriculture and economics in the Water Framework Directive: progress and limitations

    Agriculture is having an increasing impact on water resources in Spain, both from a quantitative (consumption) and qualitative (pollution) perspective. Therefore, the implementation of the Water Framework Directive (WFD) will have a great impact on this sector. In fact, new river management plans aim to reduce these pressures through the implementation of programmes of measures. These instruments ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Estimation of norovirus and Ascaris infection risks to urban farmers in developing countries using wastewater for crop irrigation

    A quantitative microbial risk analysis—Monte Carlo method was used to estimate norovirus and Ascaris infection risks to urban farmers in developing countries watering their crops with wastewater. For a tolerable additional disease burden of≤10−4 DALY loss per person per year (pppy), equivalent to 1 percent of the diarrhoeal disease burden in developing countries, a norovirus reduction of 1–2 log ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Recent Papers on Water Reuse in Irrigation and Agriculture

    The long-term goal of this research is to develop the infra-technologies to reclaim effluents from wastewater treatment plants and reuse them for agricultural water demands. The objectives of this were: 1) to study the effects of various wastewater treatment levels on crop growth and yields; 2) to determine the pollution loads from wastewater ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • From (cyber)space to ground: new technologies for smart farming

    Increased water demand and climate change impacts have recently enhanced the need to improve water resources management, even in those areas which traditionally have an abundant supply of water, such as the Po Valley in northern Italy. The highest consumption of water is devoted to irrigation for agricultural production, and so it is in this area that efforts have to be focused to study ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Is water trading policy an effective solution for water allocation in Voshmgir dam?

    The aim of this study is to assess the effectiveness of water trading policy as a solution for optimal use of water between farmers in Voshmgir dam, Iran. For assessment, four villages were selected and two water allocation programs under non-trading and trading systems were designed by two-stage stochastic programming technique and uncertainties expressed as intervals and probability ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impacts of different water tariff reforms on rural livelihood and water and public resource in India: the case of Haryana producers

    Since 1991, India has been undertaking a process of liberalisation of the agricultural sector. This process threatens to affect the irrigation patterns by introducing a system of payment for the electricity used for pumping, but it may prevent the wastage of the water resource. In this paper, a mathematical model is used to simulate farmers' reactions to different water policy scenarios in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • GoRoSoBo: an overall control diagram to improve the efficiency of water transport systems in real time

    Agriculture plays an important part in the food chain and water resources for agriculture are essential. A problem is that the water transport systems present low efficiencies in practice. Crop yields must be optimized, and the goal of an operational water manager is to deliver water to irrigation sites accurately and efficiently. In order to fulfill this objective, we propose a centralized ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Development of a decision support system for small reservoir irrigation systems in rainfed and drought prone areas

    An integrated computer program called Cropping System and Water Management Model (CSWM) with a three-step feature (expert system—simulation—optimization) was developed to address a range of decision support for rainfed farming, i.e. crop selection, scheduling and optimisation. The system was used for agricultural planning with emphasis on sustainable agriculture in the rainfed areas through the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Irrigation Systems and Practices in Challenging Environments

    The book Irrigation Systems and Practices in Challenging Environments is divided into two interesting sections, with the first section titled Agricultural Water Productivity in Stressed Environments, which consists of nine chapters technically crafted by experts in their own right in their fields of expertise. Topics range from effects of irrigation on the physiology of plants, deficit irrigation ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Kenya, Romania and Germany, next steps for Plastic-Puglia in 2017

    After Morocco, Iran and Bulgaria, Plastic-Puglia is preparing to take part in some international exhibition. The company is aiming to further improve the range of irrigation products, opening to new markets and better fulfilling the needs of new customers. The company is getting ready for three important meetings: Agritec in Kenya, Nairobi, from June 14th to 16th. Hall 1 Booth 30 ...


    By Plastic Puglia

  • Using climate scenarios to evaluate future impacts on the groundwater resources and agricultural economy of the Texas High Plains

    This study evaluated the impacts of future climate scenarios on the groundwater resources and agricultural economy of the Texas High Plains, using Hale county as a case study. Climate change impacts were incorporated into regional economic models using weather projections to develop crop response functions from crop models. These projections are based on quantitative projections of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The transport of three emerging pollutants through an agricultural soil irrigated with untreated wastewater

    The aim of this work was to determine the mobility of naproxen, carbamazepine, and triclosan through a wastewater-irrigated agricultural soil. Transport experiments were carried out using undisturbed soil columns taken at 10 and 40 cm depths. The mobilization of the pollutants was evaluated using two hydrological regimes transient flow for superficial columns and steady-state conditions for the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Morocco: Irrigation water pricing policy of large scale irrigation projects

    In Morocco, the consequence of increased industrialization and a rapidly growing population accentuated by a progressive shift from rural to urban living. This resulted in the growth of requirements for the quality and quantity of water resources, their more intensive and comprehensive use. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Agriculture Plant Nursery - Case Study

    Challenge A plant nursery company had water quality issues from the well water source that there were using for irrigation purposes in their plant growing operations. These water quality issues including total dissolved salts (TDS) around 2500 mg/l, as well as turbidity, mineral hardness and microbiological contaminants. The plants were slow growing. ...

  • Challenge and response in the Indus Basin

    The authors examine the complex history of the development of the Indus Basin and the challenges faced by Pakistan during the evolution of the Indus Basin Irrigation System and the country's responses to date. The Indus river system must meet the multiple needs of agriculture, energy and flood security. Pakistan's constitutional structure, in which the federation shares overall ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • AquaCrop model simulation under different irrigation water and nitrogen strategies

    On a global scale, irrigated agriculture consumes about 72% of available freshwater resources. Deficit irrigation can be applied in the field to save irrigation water and still lead to acceptable crop production. The AquaCrop model is a simulation model for management of irrigation and nitrogen fertilizer. This model is a new model that is accurate, robust and requires fewer data inputs ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Performance evaluation of condensation–irrigation solar system under arid climate conditions

    Scarcity of water, major critical concern in arid areas, has led to the use of low–quality irrigation water in agriculture in most of arid climate areas. The quality of water used for agriculture has to be reduced to a sustainable level that is also adapted to the environment. This paper presents the performance of a pilot condensation irrigation (CI) solar system in Tunisia under arid ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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