cow disease Articles

  • Cow-pattie power

    On a massive cattle feedlot located outside the town of Vegreville, Alta., the pungent odour of cow manure is masked by the sweet smell of the province’s energy future. Turning cattle dung — “brown gold,” as some call it — into green power and other valuable byproducts is a made-in-Alberta energy solution that is not only sustainable and energy efficient, but also ...


    By Himark bioGas Inc

  • Agronomic impact of earthworms, cow dung compost, vermicompost and chemical fertilisers on growth and yield of brinjal ( Solanum melongena )

    The pot experiment was conducted to assess the impact of live earthworm + cattle dung (as feed), cow dung compost, vermicompost, chemical fertilisers and control (without fertiliser) on growth and yield of brinjal (S. melongena). Growth and yield parameters were significantly superior in the pots treated with live earthworms as compared to other fertiliser inputs at 5% level. The plant height ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Overview of bovine spongiform encephalopathy and related events in Germany

    Despite the emergence of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) throughout Europe, Germany considered itself free of the disease. However, on November 26, 2000, the first domestic case of BSE appeared in the country, leading to public concerns about food safety. The occurrence of BSE within the country's borders had dramatic economic and social effects. The response of the German public and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Bovine spongiform encephalopathy and its management in Israel

    Following the outbreak of BSE in the UK in the mid-1980s, Israel banned the importation of live cattle and meat and bone meal from the UK. The appearance of its first and only domestic case in 2002 prompted the implementation of several additional protective measures, including improvements to the active surveillance system and the removal of high risk materials. A geographic bovine spongiform ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Bovine spongiform encephalopathy risk management in Latin America: Costa Rica as a representative country for risk management and policy

    Costa Rica is a representative Latin American country with significant regional cattle production for its size. The country experienced an exceedingly low challenge for bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) as evidenced by no direct meat and bone meal imports from the UK, few imported cattle, no specified risk materials imports from high risk countries, and cattle that are entirely grass-fed. In ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • European Union crisis management: challenges for research and practice

    This article raises the question as to what role the EU can and should play in European crisis management. The EU has, in an ad hoc fashion, taken on the responsibility of protecting the security and safety of people from threats, ranging from the mad cow disease to terrorism, after 9/11 and bombings in Madrid and London. The challenge for research is to understand why the EU has been ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A review of bovine spongiform encephalopathy and its management in Canada and the USA

    Geographic proximity and a long history of integration between US and Canadian cattle industries have resulted in similar management of BSE risk factors. Both countries have had a single imported case of BSE followed by multiple endemic cases of the bovine disease. Comparable risk management strategies have been put in place, such as a ban on the feeding of ruminant materials to other ruminants, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Impacts of beef producer compensation programmes to remediate negative economic outcomes of bovine spongiform encephalopathy in Canada

    Before the first domestic case of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) was identified in May 2003, Canada was the world's third largest exporter of cattle behind the USA and Australia. After the detection of BSE, over 30 countries imposed an immediate ban on imported Canadian beef and cattle products, including the USA. The interdependence of the Canadian beef industry with that of the US ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Lessons learned from bovine spongiform encephalopathy for the future management of the Canadian cattle industry

    Globally, Canada is only a minor beef producing country, and yet ranks fourth among countries exporting beef products. That fact alone shows considerable market vulnerability. When coupled with dependence on corporate-owned slaughter capacity and heavy reliance on only one export market (the USA), that vulnerability is magnified. Economic losses from BSE in Canada following the occurrence of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The Ins and Outs of Cattle Nutrition

    They say, “You are what you eat.” What goes in and out of our bodies is obviously important for our general health and maintenance. Well, the same holds true for our cattle as well, but with one main difference: Where we only have one stomach to worry about, they have four! Cattle are animals technically classified as ruminants, a distinction that includes sheep, ...


    By Lakeland Group

  • The Man Who Discovered the "Divine Materials" in Compost

    Untitled Document BioCycle July 2004, Vol. 45, No. 7, p. 58 Compost life continues bright, vigorous and upstream for Harry Hoitink, as he ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Revolution through fresh sugar cane juice centers

    This is quite common street business found everywhere in India. Sugarcane juice vendors extract sugarcane juice in presence of customers and serve the glasses of fresh juice to the people. Mostly this business is on the street, very rarely in shops. Small sugarcane crushers are mostly driven by 1 hp motor where repeated crushing is done many times to extract enough juice. Hand ...


    By AADHUNIK GLOBAL ENERGY

  • Implementing Research : Georgia Takes Many Routes to Recycle Food Residuals

     PETROLEUM HYDROCARBON LEVELS “One unique local characteristic (and treatment difficulty) we encountered in our composting program,” says Stan Konno, PWC environmental department director head, “is the high level of diesel range total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) content in the sludge from the WWTF at Fort Kamehameha.” Oil from past leaks in pipelines and tanks — which go back to 1941 — ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Redefining ag-wastes as coproducts

    Alan Doering doesn’t have the word “waste” in his vocabulary. As the scientist heading up the Agricultural Utilization Research Institute’s (AURI) coproduct utilization program, Doering sees crop residue, agricultural processing leftovers and biomass as products with value worth exploring. “Every leftover or coproduct has a value,” Doering says. “Our goal is to find the best use with the highest ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Compost Users Forum: The Applied Thoughts Of A Compost Theorist

    WITHIN a 60-mile radius of my office here in central California, there are 1,000 dairies — each having an average of 2,000 cows. They generate over four million tons of manure annually, so we are pretty much in the manure business whether we want to be or not. Somebody has to manage this material and help the farmers utilize it properly, fulfilling its potential monetary value. That’s what we ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Connections: Price Of Progress

    In early November, about three weeks or what feels like 150 years ago, I ran into David Batker, the director of Earth Economics at the airport. I was on my way to the Soil Science Society meetings and he was going to Louisiana, where he is helping to put a dollar value on efforts to recreate the islands in the Mississippi delta as a ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Chicken Manure Management, Recycling, and Composting

    Chicken Manure Fertilizer Manufacturing Process If you have chickens, you will have manure. Fortunately, chicken manure is among the most prized of manures. Fresh chicken manure is considered a “hot” manure, which is unsuitable for immediate use. Chicken manure needs to be composted and aged at least two to three months before you add it to your garden. If you don’t wait ...

  • Compost Users Forum : Compost Research On Wisconsin Organic Farm

     Cocomposting at Pearl Harbor PETROLEUM HYDROCARBON LEVELS “One unique local characteristic (and treatment difficulty) we encountered in our composting program,” says Stan Konno, PWC environmental department director head, “is the high level of diesel range total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) content in the sludge from the WWTF at Fort Kamehameha.” Oil from past leaks in pipelines ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Preconsumer Collection : Composting Food Service Scraps at Resort

     Cocomposting at Pearl Harbor PETROLEUM HYDROCARBON LEVELS “One unique local characteristic (and treatment difficulty) we encountered in our composting program,” says Stan Konno, PWC environmental department director head, “is the high level of diesel range total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) content in the sludge from the WWTF at Fort Kamehameha.” Oil from past leaks in pipelines ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • CRISPR is coming to agriculture — with big implications for food, farmers, consumers and nature

    Gene editing offers dramatic advances in speed, scope and scale of genetic improvement. It also offers an opportunity for more nuanced GMO governance. Very few technologies truly merit the epithet “game changer” — but a new genetic engineering tool known as CRISPR-Cas9 is one of them. Since we first developed the ability to alter the genetic material inside a plant or animal in ...


    By Ensia

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