fertilizer level Articles

  • Creating a sustainable food future, installment three: Achieving replacement level fertility

    The world’s population will rise from just over 7 billion in 2012 to nearly 9.6 billion by 2050. Most of the world’s regions have already achieved or are close to achieving replacement level fertility. “Replacement level fertility” is the total fertility rate—the average number of children born per woman—at which a population exactly replaces itself from one ...

  • Analysis of Organic Fertilizer Market

    Organic fertilizer is processed by fermenting the animal and plant residues, it not only contains major elements that plant required such as nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, also contains microelements such as molybdenum, zinc, iron, copper and other trace elements which is ...


  • State Fertilizer Officials Focus on Compost

    For two years, the U.S. Composting Council’s (USCC) marketing committee has been meeting with the American Association of Plant Food Control Officials (AAPFCO) to discuss how the two organizations could work together to create a uniform compost bill to be given to each state legislature to consider adopting into law. AAPFCO is an organization of fertilizer control officials from each state in the ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • QTL underlying self-fertility in tetraploid alfalfa

    A potential strategy to decrease the levels of self-seed production during the seed increase stages of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) synthetic cultivar development is selection for decreased self-fertility. The underlying genetics of this trait have not been elucidated and, therefore, a study was designed to identify genetic determinants of alfalfa self-fertility. An F1 mapping population ...

  • Many Countries Reaching Diminishing Returns in Fertilizer Use

    When German chemist Justus von Liebig demonstrated in 1847 that the major nutrients that plants removed from the soil could be applied in mineral form, he set the stage for the development of the fertilizer industry and a huge jump in world food production a century later. Growth in food production during the nineteenth century came primarily from expanding cultivated area. It was not until the ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Fertilization and blending alternatives for irrigation with desalinated water

    Received for publication April 29, 2008. In arid-zone agriculture where available irrigation water is saline, desalination is becoming an attractive method for increasing yields and reducing negative environmental consequences. However, irrigation with desalinated water can be problematic if essential nutrients, including Ca, Mg, and S, removed during reverse osmosis, are not reintroduced. We ...

  • Nitrogenous Fertilizer Plants Industry - Pollution Prevention Guidelines

    Introduction Pollution Prevention Guidelines to provide technical advice and guidance to staff and consultants involved in pollution-related projects. The guidelines represent state-of-the-art thinking on how to reduce pollution emissions from the production process. In many cases, the guidelines provide numerical targets for reducing pollution, as well as maximum ...


    By The World Bank

  • Phosphate Fertilizer Plants Industry - Pollution Prevention Guidelines

    Introduction Pollution Prevention Guidelines to provide technical advice and guidance to staff and consultants involved in pollution-related projects. The guidelines represent state-of-the-art thinking on how to reduce pollution emissions from the production process. In many cases, the guidelines provide numerical targets for reducing pollution, as well as maximum ...


    By The World Bank

  • Molasses Tanks For Effective Storage Of Molasses and Liquid Fertilizer

    As the UK’s sugar beet harvest is still underway, molasses production is also at its yearly high. 50% sugar by weight, beet molasses contain calcium, potassium, oxalate and chloride, making for an ideal base for a number of animal feeds over the winter. Correct storage of molasses is vital and the Enduramaxx range of Molasses Tanks are manufactured from UV stabilized polyethylene and come ...


    By ENDURAMAXX

  • Evaluation of air pollution phytotoxicity downwind of a phosphate fertilizer factory in India

    The effects of air pollution on plants downwind of a fertilizer factory at Udaipur, India, were studied using three woody perennials. Seedlings of these species including a shrub (Carissa carandas L.), a leguminous avenue tree (Cassia fistula L.) and a fruit tree (Psidium guajava L.) were grown in earthen pots at different study sites receiving varying levels of air pollution input. Changes in ...


    By Springer

  • Fertilization of pinus pinea L. seedlings with a sewage sludge-based compost

    Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the effect of a sewage sludge-based compost (SSC) on the growth and mineral composition of containerized Pinus pinea L. seedlings. In the first experiment, five different substrates were tested: four binary mixtures of SSC and peat (100% SSC, 75% SSC, 50% SSC and 25% SSC, by volume) without fertilization, and a control substrate (peat-based substrate + ...


    By SAGE Publications

  • On-farm assessment of the amount and timing of nitrogen fertilizer on ammonia volatilization

    Ammonia (NH3) volatilization is one of the main pathways through which applied N enters the environment undesirably. A seven site-year on-farm field experiment was performed for 3 yr at Ottawa, ON, and 2 yr at Guelph, ON, and Saint-Valentin, QC, Canada. Our objectives were to (i) quantify the flux and the amount of NH3 volatilization as affected by the rate and time of N fertilizer; (ii) assess ...

  • Assessing the treatment costs and the fertilizing value of the output products in digestate treatment systems

    The objective of this paper was to advance towards finding sustainable solutions to deal with biogas digestate and contribute to faster development of the market for digestate treatment products. The study compares digestate treatment costs through four different treatment plants, estimates the potential fertilizing and humus value (PFHV) of the derived products and allocates the cash flows to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Interactive effects of tillage and mineral fertilization on soil carbon profiles

    Both tillage and fertilizer management influence soil organic C (SOC) storage, but their interactive effects remain to be determined for various soil and climatic conditions. We evaluated the long-term effects of tillage (no-till, NT, and moldboard plowing, MP), and N and P fertilization on SOC stocks and concentrations in profiles of a clay loam soil (clayey, mixed, mesic Typic Humaquept). Corn ...

  • Response of upland rice cultivars to nitrogen fertilizer in the savannas of Nigeria

    In the dry savannas of West Africa, cultivation of upland rice (Oryza spp.) under rain-fed conditions is expanding due to the introduction of the New Rice for Africa (NERICA; WARDA, Bouake, Cote d'Ivoire) but appropriate N recommendations for these new cultivars are lacking. The present study evaluated the response of four NERICA rice cultivars, their parents (WAB 56-104 (O. sativa, tropical ...

  • Phosphorus fertility effects on the expression of the low phytic acid barley phenotype

    Low phytic acid (LPA) barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) cultivars partition phosphorus (P) in seed tissue differently than conventional wild-type (WT) barley cultivars. A reduction in seed phytic acid (myo-inositol-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexkisphosphate) is coupled with an increase in inorganic phosphorus (Pi). The response of the LPA characteristic to phosphate fertilization has not been previously investigated; ...

  • Fertilizer NPK from human urine and olive oil mill wastewaters

    The objective of this work was to determine how some wastewater acids could be used to prevent the decomposition of urea into ammonia during storage. The effect of storing human urine with olive oil mill wastewaters (OOMW) or water bubbled with CO2 (BW), was studied. Moreover, the application of two levels of urine dissolved in water OOMW, has been studied in relation to the properties of two ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • White wheat grain quality changes with genotype, nitrogen fertilization, and water stress

    The production of hard white winter (HWW) wheats (Triticum aestivum L.) with acceptable protein content and quality over different environments requires the correct combination of genotypes and management practices. The objectives of this study were to evaluate moisture deficit and N management on grain protein and quality of seven HWW and two soft white winter (SWW) genotypes, and to identify ...

  • Fertility Clinics and Egg Freezing: Nitrogen Use and How to Remain Safe

    For women who want to have children when the time is right, egg freezing is a viable option and one that has become more popular in recent years. As an abundance of fertility clinics pop up nationwide, it is important to consider the safety implications of IVF, egg freezing, and fertility clinics. Dive into the world of fertility clinics to understand how eggs remain viable -- sometimes for years ...

  • Nitrogen storage with cover crops and nitrogen fertilization in tilled and nontilled soils

    Improved crop and N management practices are needed to increase soil N storage so that N fertilization rate and the potential for N leaching can be reduced in tilled and nontilled soils. We examined the influence of cover crops and N fertilization rates on N inputs from cover crops, cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) and sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] and soil total N (STN) content at the 0- ...

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