irrigation method Articles

  • Method for irrigation scheduling based on soil moisture data acquisition

    The water requirements of crops are dependent on evapotranspiration (ET), soil chemistry, and the crop’s maximum allowable depletion (MAD). Direct measurements of root zone soil moisture, water application along with published ET values and soil textures, can be used in a soil water balance model that can significantly optimize irrigation efficiency. Over the past five years, advancements in ...

  • Arsenic in irrigated paddy soils

    Natural arsenic pollution of drinking water has been reported from over 70 countries world-wide, affecting an estimated 150 million people (Ravenscroft et. al., 2008). About 50 million of these people live in Bangladesh, 30 million in India and 33 million in six other countries of south and south-east Asia. It has recently been recognised that arsenic-contaminated groundwater used for irrigation ...

  • Extracting physical homogeneous regions out of irrigation networks using fuzzy clustering method: a case study for the Ghazvin canal irrigation network

    Improving the current operation and maintenance activities is one of the main steps in achieving higher performance of irrigation networks. Improving the irrigation network management, influenced by different spatial and temporal parameters, is confronted with special difficulties. One of the controversial issues often faced by decision-makers is how to cope with the spatial diversity of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Group method of data handling (GMDH) application for modelling of mechanical properties of trees irrigated with wastewater

    Experiments have been carried out to identify the mechanical properties of trees irrigated with wastewater, as well as mathematical modelling of measurement results via the group method of data handling (GMDH) method. Eucalyptus trees were cultivated and irrigated with processed wastewater from a treatment plant. Characteristics of wood quality (axial compression and bending, etc.) were measured ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Group method of data handling (GMDH) in modelling of growth dynamics of trees irrigated with wastewater

    This paper describes the formulation and analysis of growth dynamics models for trees irrigated with wastewater. The models can be used to obtain the characteristics of a species, depending on treatment conditions and climate factors, at all stages of growth. The experiments were carried out at the University of Patras to identify the characteristics (height rate and mortality) of the forest tree ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Study on the joint probability distribution of irrigation water volume and irrigation water efficiency

    Using the copula method, the joint probability distribution of irrigation water volume and efficiency is constructed, and their joint return period is also described to reveal the encounter probability of irrigation water volume and efficiency. Furthermore, the conditional probability of irrigation water efficiency with different water volumes is built to show the quantitative effects of flow on ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Disposal of De-Icing Effluents By Irrigation

    At Zurich Airport (Switzerland) alcohols, as well as urea in small quantities, are utilized for de-icing in order to maintain the air traffic during winter. To purify the accumulated de-icing effluents a new, groundbreaking, cost-effective (investment and maintenance) method was developed which has been successfully applied since winter 2000/2001. The de-icing effluents are irrigated onto the ...


    By Jungo Engineering

  • Assessment of different irrigation systems in Albaji Plain

    The objective of this research was to compare different irrigation methods based on a parametric evaluation system in an area of 16,350 ha in the Albaji Plain of the Khuzestan Province, in the southwest of Iran. The soil properties of the study area such as texture, depth, electrical conductivity, drainage, calcium carbonate content and slope were derived from a semi-detailed soil study carried ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sugarcane responses to irrigation and nitrogen in semiarid south Texas

    Water and N are often limiting factors for sugarcane (Saccharum spp.) production. This study was conducted to determine the effect of different levels of water availability on sugarcane growth, yield, and responses to N application, and also to evaluate the effectiveness of alternative N application methods. Three irrigation levels (20% below crop evapotranspiration [ETc], full ETc replacement, ...

  • Why Drip Irrigation Design is Crucial to Your Success

    Drip irrigation is one of the most cost-effective and efficient watering methods in agriculture. It has become incredibly popular in the past 50-years and has been widely adopted by agriculturalists in dozens of countries throughout the world. In simple term, drip irrigation works by sending water through plastic pipes into drip emitters. These emitters are specifically designed to release water ...


    By KIM

  • Fertilization and blending alternatives for irrigation with desalinated water

    Received for publication April 29, 2008. In arid-zone agriculture where available irrigation water is saline, desalination is becoming an attractive method for increasing yields and reducing negative environmental consequences. However, irrigation with desalinated water can be problematic if essential nutrients, including Ca, Mg, and S, removed during reverse osmosis, are not reintroduced. We ...

  • Water Quality, Soil and Managing Irrigation of Crops

    The book entitled Water Quality, Soil and Managing Irrigation of Crops comprises three sections, specifically: Reuse Water Quality, Soil and Pollution which comprises five technical chapters, Managing Irrigation of Crops with four, and Examples of Irrigation Systems three technical chapters, all presented by the respective authors in their own fields of expertise. This text should be of interest ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Optimization of water distribution for open-channel irrigation networks

    Water distribution for open-channel irrigation networks is more and more complex due to increasing constraints on water resources and changing demand patterns, whereas the performance of such systems is expected to increase. In this regard, an optimization approach is developed in order to schedule a fair scenario of water distribution among different users, where water demand is formulated in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Colorado Irrigation Canal Channels - Case Study

    Project Background “Different materials to protect canal liners had been tried in irrigation canals across the West over the past 15 or 20 years.   One typical method uses a low cost earthen material like clay. Over time, however, these systems begin to crack and start to leak.  It’s not a very efficient way to convey water,” notes Joe Kaul, Kaul ...


    By Presto Geosystems

  • LG Sound, controlling algae in irrigation reservoirs

    Algae growth in irrigation water can cause a serious problem. Algae in irrigation tanks can clog the entire irrigation system, such as the pumps, filters, drip-installation and sprinkler nozzles. Besides that the algae and their by-products can also be spread over the irrigated area. In addition, some types of fungi, also present in these waters, can be harmful for the plants grown. Typical ...


    By LG Sonic

  • A two-stage evolutionary optimization approach for an irrigation system design

    In this work, an optimal design of a water distribution network is proposed for large irrigation networks. The proposed approach is built upon an existing optimization method (NSGA-II), but the authors are proposing its effective application in a new two-step optimization process. The aim of the paper is to demonstrate that not only is the choice of method important for obtaining good ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Designing a rainwater harvesting system for urban green roof irrigation

    Green roof systems have been suggested to ease the growing urban environmental problems resulting from rapid urbanization. However, the irrigation of green roofs heavily depends on using precious potable water and consequently generates negative environmental effects. Rainwater has been recommended to address this dilemma, but the design method has not been well developed. In this study, the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The importance of irrigation water rights: lessons from South Africa and Tunisia

    With increasing water scarcity, research on policy options for improved water allocation and governance has become an urgent priority for many developing and developed countries. More and more, the focus is placed on institutional reforms but evaluating institutional alternatives is a challenging task. This paper takes a comparative approach and confronts case study data from Tunisia and South ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modelling water requirements of greenhouse spinach for irrigation management purposes

    Estimating water requirements of plants cultivated in greenhouse environments is crucial, both for the design of greenhouse irrigation systems and the improvement of irrigation scheduling. Spinach is one of the main vegetables sold as ‘ready-to-eat’ bagged produce; it is very sensitive to water stress and thus requires accurate irrigation. In this work, a water balance model simulating the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Irrigation frequency effects on growth and ethanol yield in sweet Sorghum

    With the increasing costs of fossil fuels, new methods of generating renewable fuels need to be researched and developed. This study was undertaken to assess the effects of irrigation frequency on crop growth and ethanol yield of sweet sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench]. Nine combinations of pre- and postanthesis irrigation frequencies triggered by 35, 50, or 65% depletion of plant-available ...

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