It is a tree from the rosaceous family and comes from the Asiatic south-east. It is one of the most extended fruit trees, cultivated worldwide, due to its feeding value, easiness to the adaptation to different climates and quality of the products obtained in the industry: juices, cider, liquor, marmalade, sweets and jellies. The bigger production of apple is in China, United States, France, Italy and Turkey.
The main objective of AZUD is the development of technologies and products that allow the efficient use and the maximum profitability of a scarce resource as the water is. AZUD is among the world leaders regarding the manufacturing of irrigatioin, filtration and fertigation systems and it is involved in the development of the agriculture in the social, ecological and productive area. AZUD offers so much manufactured products as other irrigation elements to complete the system.
Cucumbers come from the tropical areas of South-Asia and they grow in greenhouses in different climates. They are smooth and the colour, depending on the variety, can change from light green to dark green, reaching a yellowish colour when it is completely mature. They produce good outputs in warm and cold climates. Under extreme conditions ventilation and heating systems are necessary. The bigger producers are China, Turkey, Iran, United States, Japan and Russia.
The cotton is one of the most Worldwide Spreads crops, due to the production of the fibre to the textile industry and the oil of its seeds. The worldwide production is of 26 millions of tons of seeds. The main producers are China, United States and India, although cotton is produced in more than 100 countries.
It is an irrigation system that uses a main network to distribute the filtered and pressurized water to the emitting pipes under the surface of the terrain and together the crop line. The emitters in line supply a unique flow rate by each emitting point that is among the interval of 0,6-8l/h. The volume of water supplied under the surface of the soil (nearest the plants) generates a spatial distribution of the same named “dump bulb”. The shape and size of this “dump bulb” is different from the surface localized irrigation.
The organization model of irrigation at the same level of the basin is considered one of the best ways to use efficiently the available water and the management of this resource. One of the most successful examples of this kind of Management is the Watering Communities. These communities are consortium of farmers in charge of the organization of the use of public, surface and subsurface water.
During the winemaking process, it is generated a big volume of wastewater that must be adequately treated to meet the discharge requirements of public sewers of channel, or reuse as irrigation water mainly.
Citrus fruits belong to rutaceus, they started 20 millions of years ago in the Asiatic South East. They grow in subtropical and tropical climates. The world production is estimated in approximately 100 millions of tons.
The almond tree is from the rosaceous family and comes from the Middle East. The almond is very popular due to its high contain in E vitamin and low in saturated fat. It is a tree with very similar to the peach, and it can also reach 6 meters high and 4 meters of diameter. The bigger producers are United States, Spain, Italy, Iran and Morocco.