aerobic composting Articles

  • Aerobic Composting 101

    If you have recently purchased a compost tumbler bin, let me be the first to say congratulations! You’ve just taken the first step toward aerobic composting. What is aerobic composting, you ask, and why is it so great? In this article, we’ll explain how aerobic composting works and what you need to do to get started. There are two main types of composting, aerobic and anaerobic. ...


    By Biofinch Ltd.

  • Why home composting is so great!

    Have you heard of composting, but just aren’t sure what it means? Not sure why how compost can benefit you? If you haven’t started composting at home yet, now is the time! Home composting is more than just a growing trend among gardeners, it’s a great way to recycle your kitchen scraps and yard refuse into something you can use-compost! So what is compost and why is it so ...


    By Biofinch Ltd.

  • Effect of feeding efficient microbial community on aerobic composting of municipal waste and excrement

    Each of the total 13 strains of bacteria was isolated based on the characteristics of municipal waste and excrement, which include 6 strains of bacterium, 4 strains of streptomyces and 3 strains of actinomycetes; all of these were appropriate for aerobic composting. The Efficient Microbial Community (EMC) was constructed by these strains combination at certain ratios. A series of experiments were ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Compost maturity effects on nitrogen and carbon mineralization and plant growth

    Improved predictive relationships between compost maturity and nitrogen (N) availability are needed. A total of 13 compost samples were collected from a single windrow over a 91 d period. Compost stability and maturity were assessed using both standard chemical analyses (total C and N, mineral N, total volatile solids) and other methods (CO2 evolution, commercial maturity kits, and neutral ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • ANFIS approach to the working of a compost–heat extractor

    Composting is an organic sludge management option in which volatile solids are converted to carbon dioxide and water. As the sugar cane press mud undergoes aerobic composting, the bed heats–up to a temperature in the range of 50–70°C, releasing thermal energy and the heat liberated was extracted using a heat pipe. A neural network approach is applied to analyse the data obtained ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Odour pollution problems caused by composting activities in flanders: current situation and abatement strategies

    In Flanders, garden fruit and vegetable (GFV) waste is selectively collected and composted in 7 composting plants, in six of which aerobic indoor composting is used. In the seventh plant waste is anaerobically digested first followed by an aerobic post-treatment. The total amount of waste composted was about 275 000 tons in 1997 (OVAM, 1999). The nominal capacity of the composting plants varies ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Pathogen destruction and solids decomposition in composting latrines: study of fundamental mechanisms and user operation in rural Panama

    The relationship between temperature, high pH, desiccation, decomposition, pathogen destruction, and user operation in active double vault urine diverting (DVUD) composting latrines located in the Bocas del Toro region of Panama was assessed. Latrine samples were analyzed for temperature, pH, % moisture, carbon-to-nitrogen (C/N) ratio, and presence of specific pathogens. Surveys and visual ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Composting

    Introduction Composting is a controlled biological process by which organic contaminants (e.g., PAHs) are converted by microorganisms (under aerobic and anaerobic conditions) to innocuous, stabilized byproducts. Typically, thermophilic conditions (54 to 65 °C) must be maintained to properly compost soil contaminated with hazardous organic contaminants. The increased temperatures result from heat ...

  • Leaf composting in cold climates: a theoretical and an experimental evaluation

    There are many factors influencing the process of composting organic waste. This paper provides an experimental and theoretical evaluation of the leaf composting process to elucidate the importance of these various factors during composting of leaves. The analysis is performed specifically for the environmental conditions encountered in cold climates. Theoretical models are developed to evaluate ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Composting and biogasification for senna pod waste stabilization

    A medical factory in Finland extracts sennocid from pods of a senna plant with a solvent containing methanol and water. Sennocid is the active compound in some constipation medicines (Otavan Iso Kasvitietosanankirja, 1981). The extraction process produces 50 m3 of pod waste weekly. In 1998, 757 tons of pod waste was produced. The water and methanol contents of the waste are approximately 25 w/w-% ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Troubleshooting the Compost Pile

    While composting is a biological process, we as composters must provide the microorganisms that do the work with the conditions they need to do their job. If there is a problem with the system, then look at it from the point of view of the microbe. What does that microbe need to function, and why isn’t it functioning correctly? Microorganisms need a source of energy organic feedstocks to feed on ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Evaluating the potential of an electronic nose for detecting the onset of anaerobic conditions during composting

    Most bad odours in composting plants are formed under anaerobic conditions and often they could be avoided if detected early enough. In this project an electronic nose was used to evaluate the odours produced during a composting process at bench scale. The electronic nose consists of an array of electronic chemical sensors with partial specificity and an appropriate pattern recognition system ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Composting in flanders: the vlaco experience

    Currently, the Flanders waste policy is based on the so-called ‘ladder of Lansink’. Six aerobic composting and one anaerobic digestion plant are operational for the treatment of biowaste. Some new composting plants are foreseen for 1999 and/or 2000. Composting retention time varies from 10 to 15 weeks. Green waste is treated in 15 open air composting plants. With respect to the use of compost ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Introduction of composted digestates in agriculture

    Municipal organic waste is increasingly recycled by aerobic composting or anaerobic digestion procedures. In 1997, 230 000 Mg organic waste were composted and used for agriculture in the region of Cologne, which is an increase by 70% compared to 1994 (Anonymous, 1999). Therefore, the effects of compost on the soil and the plants require studies on:- its nutrient contents to contribute to the ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Oxygen Uptake of Soil and Compost Samples

    Oxygen Uptake of Soil and Compost Samples The Challenge AER-200 aerobic/anaerobic respirometer is ideally suited to determine in-situ rates of oxygen uptake in soil or compost samples – as may occur in the upper layers of soil under natural atmospheric conditions or in mixed compost reactors. This objective is accomplished by using a double-column reactor configuration as illustrated in Figure ...


    By Challenge Technology

  • Microbial biomass c and ninhydrin-reactive n as Parameters to characterize composting process

    The use of compost in agriculture is increasing as a source of organic matter to counteract the decrease of organic matter level in soils and as a means of disposal of agricultural and domestic waste. Despite many researches on the subject, there is still the need to improve our knowledge on the compost process and on the methods to evaluate compost maturity. The composting of organic waste has ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Odour emissions from MSW composting process steps

    This study brought to the definition and the calculation of Odour Emission Factors (OEFs), which enable the estimation of odour emissions from a composting plant by relating the quantity of odour emitted to the atmosphere to a given associated activity. The results show that the aerobic biological treatment has the highest odour impact, with an OEF of 1.4 ? 108 ouE t−1. Moreover, the efficiency ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • California Vineyard Finds Large Role for Compost

    Untitled Document I CAME to Robert Sinskey Vineyards (RSV) with experience in both small and large-scale wine-grape farming, all of it in ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Evaluation of composting performance of mixtures of chicken blood and maize stover in Harare, Zimbabwe

    Background: Chicken processing results in the production of a lot of blood which if disposed on land poses environmental hazards in terms of land pollution. The aim of the study was to develop an aerobic composting process for chicken blood to produce a nitrogen-rich soil amendment for use in agriculture. The study involved composting of blood and maize stover of different proportions (10%, 30%, ...

  • The wonder of red wiggler worms

    Worms are going to play an ever-increasing role in waste management and soil production. Red wiggler worms convert food scraps and paper into nature's finest fertilizer. As nature's original recyclers, they consume approximately half their weight daily!Many municipalities have introduced organic collection programs, and backyard composting is widespread. Vermicomposting is a great alternative for ...


    By Cathy`s Crawly Composters

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