agriculture crop Articles

  • Simulating the Effect of Climate Change on Agriculture

    Increased atmospheric CO2 levels and climate change are believed to contribute to extreme weather conditions, which is a major concern for many. And beyond extreme events, global warming is also predicted to affect agriculture.1,2 While climate change is expected to affect agriculture and reduce crop yields, the complete ...


    By Edinburgh Instruments Ltd

  • Effect of Dislodging Techniques on Foliar Residue Determination for Agricultural Crops

    Abstract  The Agricultural Reentry Task Force (ARTF) conducted a study to determine whether different dislodgeable foliar residue (DFR) techniques had any effect on the amount of residues dislodged from the leaves of vegetable crops. Four previously employed techniques were evaluated with two chemicals (carbaryl and methomyl) on two crops (cabbage and lettuce). Carbaryl, a moderately ...


    By Springer

  • Crop gene banks are preserving the future of agriculture. But who’s preserving them?

    As climate change makes crop diversity even more important, gene banks struggle to stay afloat. During the past few years of civil war in Syria, rebel fighters have destroyed Shia mosques and Christian graves, and burned and looted Christian churches while the Islamic State group has demolished priceless artifacts in the region. Nothing seemed sacred to the disparate ...


    By Ensia

  • Agricultural Management Practices to Sustain Crop Yields and Improve Soil and Environmental Qualities

    Increasing crop production to feed the growing population was a major challenge to the agricultural community in the past few decades. As a result, management practices consisting of intensive tillage and high rate of fertilization were used to increase crop production. While these practices increased crop production by severalfold compared with less intensive tillage and no fertilization, little ...


  • Seasonal changes in the performance of a catch crop for mitigating diffuse agricultural pollution

    An in situ technology for mitigating diffuse agricultural pollution using catch crops was developed for simultaneously preventing nitrate groundwater pollution, reducing nitrous oxide (N2O) gas emissions, and removing salts from the topsoil. Seasonal changes in the performance of a catch crop were investigated using lysimeters in a full-scale greenhouse experiment with 50 d ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impact of agricultural water reallocation on crop yield and revenue: a case study in China

    Our study area in the People's Victory Canal Irrigation District of Henan Province in China has been transferring agricultural water to the city for municipal use. This study starts with an examination of the impacts of irrigation frequency, irrigation water sources, and irrigation water supply performance on crop yield and net crop revenue, using data from a survey of 182 households in the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The localization of agriculture

    In the United States, there has been a surge of interest in eating fresh local foods, corresponding with mounting concerns about the climate effects of consuming food from distant places and about the obesity and other health problems associated with junk food diets. This is reflected in the rise in urban gardening, school gardening, and farmers’ markets. With the fast-growing local foods ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Cultivating energy crop production

    A NEW Farm Bill is moving through the Congressional legislative process. Along the way, commercial agriculture is debating the energy impacts of future corn and soybean production. The growth of corn-based ethanol and soybean-based biodiesel has created competition for the feed inputs into animal agriculture, namely corn and soybeans. While most of agriculture discusses energy production from ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • New drying systems for crops

    Drying of agricultural products is an energy intensive operation. High prices and shortages in fossil fuels increase the emphasis on using solar energy as an alternative energy source, especially in developing countries. This paper deals with the construction of four different solar powered drying systems consisting of solar air heaters and drying chambers for small scale, natural convection, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Reuse: Agriculture

    Agronomic and water quality considerations Water use for agricultural irrigation is the largest component of water use in most countries and is more than 70% of human water use in drier countries. Use of recycled water for irrigation requires consideration of soil types, groundwater levels, soil and water chemistry, nutrient loads, limits on chemicals, the salt tolerance of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Crops flourish with Scalewatcher

    Water is an essential component of horticulture and agriculture whether it is used for irrigating field-scale vegetables, nursery stock, flowers or fruit.  Where water contains high degrees of calcium, magnesium and sodium, it can cause nutrient deficiency in plants and crops resulting in stunted growth and poor yields. Calcium also blocks irrigation systems and boilers in heated ...

  • Bumper plastics crop harvested for recycling

    Rising oil prices have led to increased interest in the recycling of plastics. Firms processing plastic granulate are scouring the world for the best and cheapest sources of such materials. The success of greenhouse farming in southern Spain has made available for recycling enormous quantities of end-of-life agricultural ...


    By Recycling International

  • Emissions from Crops - POST Note

    Agriculture contributes 9% of the UK’s greenhouse-gas (GHG) emissions burden and 10-12% globally. Although there is a long-term declining trend from UK agriculture, the sector may account for a larger share of overall emissions in the future as other sectors reduce emissions. This POSTnote focuses on reducing GHG emissions from growing and storing arable and horticultural crops. ...


    By UK Parliament

  • Agricultural research policy framework for improved livelihoods security in crop-livestock production systems

    Concerns for sustainable development and poverty alleviation are forcing public agricultural research systems to focus on improving livelihoods security. Crop-livestock production systems are central to the livelihood security of the rural poor in India and some other countries of the tropics. With increasing population, urbanisation and incomes, massive increases are foreseen in demands for ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Regional modelling for optimal allocation of agricultural crops considering environmental impacts, housing value and leisure preferences

    Regional planning should consider the impact of agricultural crops on housing value and leisure, as well as on the local environment. We designed an optimisation model for allocating agricultural crops based on farmers' profits as well as the impact on these three factors. Each crop creates a different landscape, as well as a different effect on shading and noise reduction. This in turn ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A call to conserve crops’ wild cousins

    Wild cousins aren’t always appreciated at family gatherings. But when it comes to crops, the opposite is often true: Plant breeding has historically relied on genes from plants growing in the wild as a source of diversity that can be introduced into crop plants to produce new crop varieties that are more resilient, nutritious and productive than those currently cultivated. As human ...


    By Ensia

  • The problems with the arguments against GM crops

    New evidence shows that arguments against GM crops are unfounded, says Margaret Karembu. The year 2013 marked the 18th consecutive year of commercial cultivation of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) or now commonly referred to as biotech crops. And in just under two decades, the volume of ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Can pulse crops play a role in mitigating greenhouse gases from North American agriculture?

    The atmospheric buildup of greenhouse gases (GHGs) is a serious environmental issue. Globally, agricultural activities are an important source of anthropogenic GHGs, contributing 20% of the annual atmospheric increase. Management choices largely determine if agricultural soils will be a source, a sink, or will be neutral with respect to GHG net flux. The proportion of agricultural land that is ...

  • Scale of biomass production from new woody crops for salinity control in dryland agriculture in Australia

    There is scope internationally to utilise surplus and degraded agricultural land for biomass crops that might also be environmentally beneficial. For example, dryland salinity in southern Australian could be ameliorated using profitable woody biomass crops. A model was developed to predict biomass production from such woody crops. At a biomass price of A$35/t (green) and a water use efficiency of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • China: agricultural production and groundwater

    As in many parts of the People’s Republic of China, Shanxi Province is experiencing reduced water security for the agriculture sector. Changing climate conditions, including reduced rainfall, are increasing reliance on groundwater resources in the province. Unsustainable groundwater use for food production intensifies the impacts of climate change, and cost-effective adaptation responses ...

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