agriculture water Articles

  • Reuse: Agriculture

    Agronomic and water quality considerations Water use for agricultural irrigation is the largest component of water use in most countries and is more than 70% of human water use in drier countries. Use of recycled water for irrigation requires consideration of soil types, groundwater levels, soil and water chemistry, nutrient loads, limits on chemicals, the salt tolerance of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Are agricultural chemicals affecting our water?

    With the rate at which modern towns and cities expand it’s inevitable that the volume of separation between agricultural facilities and highly populated areas is shrinking. The loss of these areas can have a lasting impact, particularly when it comes to our water supplies. From an ...


    By Aquaread Limited

  • Agricultural water vulnerability in rural Iran

    Water is an important factor of production and livelihood support in rural communities. Meanwhile, water shortage is a virtually common feature in many arid and semi-arid countries. It is also projected that water stress will be exacerbated in such regions because of climate change. The cumulative effects of these stressors can potentially increase agricultural water vulnerability (AWV). ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Opportunities for saving and reallocating agricultural water to alleviate water scarcity

    As water scarcity worsens globally, there is growing interest in finding ways to reduce water consumption, and for reallocating water savings to other uses including environmental restoration. Because irrigated agriculture is responsible for more than 90% of all consumptive water use in water-scarce regions, much attention is being focused on opportunities to save water on irrigated farms. At ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Setting water quality criteria for agricultural water reuse purposes

    The use of reclaimed water for agricultural irrigation is practiced worldwide and will increase in the future. The definition of water quality limits is a useful instrument for the assessment of water quality regarding its suitability for irrigation purposes and the performance of wastewater treatment steps. This study elaborates water quality objectives for a water reuse project in a setting ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Recent Papers on Water Reuse in Irrigation and Agriculture

    The long-term goal of this research is to develop the infra-technologies to reclaim effluents from wastewater treatment plants and reuse them for agricultural water demands. The objectives of this were: 1) to study the effects of various wastewater treatment levels on crop growth and yields; 2) to determine the pollution loads from wastewater ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Optimisation of water pricing in the Greek agricultural sector

    The agricultural sector is a dominant one in the Greek economy and thus attracts the scientific interest. Water is significant for a cultivation’s productivity and consequently for the agricultural income. Water pricing as a result has become a subject of extended study. The present study refers to the Greek agricultural economy and suggests a macroeconomic model, through which the optimisation ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Water for agriculture and the environment: the ultimate trade-off

    Global population is projected to increase over year 2000 levels by 30% in 2025 and by 50% in 2050. Producing sufficient food to feed a more populous Earth will be a challenge requiring additional developed water supplies. Existing supplies are unevenly distributed around the planet. Some developing countries lack sufficient water to grow the food necessary to feed the growing population. With ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Balancing Agricultural, Urban, and Environmental Water Needs in Water Resources

    The Lower Colorado River Authority (LCRA) – San Antonio Water System (SAWS) Water Project is a plan to conserve water, develop groundwater, and capture excess and unused river flows to meet future water needs for two neighboring regions in Texas. Agricultural and other rural water needs would be met on a more reliable basis in the lower Colorado River basin through water conservation, surface ...

  • Water

    Water is the most valuable asset on earth, which determines to a significant extent the development of life in all corners of the world. 95% of the amount of water on earth is chemically bound in rocks making it impossible to utilize and be part of the hydrological cycle. ...


    By Palaplast

  • Conjunctive effect of water productivity and cultivation pattern on agricultural water management

    Agricultural water resources are scarce in Iran, and agricultural water management is essential to overcome this limitation. Determination of the water productivity index (WP) using the methods of optimization of cropping patterns and optimal water allocation is the most effective tool in water management in the agricultural sector. In this study, a non-linear optimization model was used to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Watering Scarcity: Private investment opportunities in agricultural water use efficiency

    This report was prepared by Rabobank in collaboration with the World Resources Institute. In many regions around the world, demand for fresh water now outstrips renewable supplies. Water scarcity is projected to worsen considerably due to a combination of factors such as population increase, higher incomes and changing lifestyles, pollution, and climate change. Agriculture is by far the biggest ...

  • Agriculture and economics in the Water Framework Directive: progress and limitations

    Agriculture is having an increasing impact on water resources in Spain, both from a quantitative (consumption) and qualitative (pollution) perspective. Therefore, the implementation of the Water Framework Directive (WFD) will have a great impact on this sector. In fact, new river management plans aim to reduce these pressures through the implementation of programmes of measures. These instruments ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Agricultural water poverty in Marvdasht County, Southern Iran

    The paper discusses the application of the Agricultural Water Poverty Index (AWPI) as an assessment tool for agricultural water in rural areas of Marvdasht County, Fars Province, Iran. Along with the global concern, water has become an increasing concern during the recent years in Iran. This paper provides an overview of the AWPI and the methodology to measure AWP by addressing the four key ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Household water constraints and agricultural labour productivity in Tanzania

    While previous research has analysed the links between drinking water access and health, and to some extent between health and agriculture, the direct impact of household water access on agricultural productivity has hardly been studied. We address this research gap, using survey data from Tanzania. Regression models show that water access constraints significantly decrease labour productivity ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Breaking the dilemma of agricultural water fee collection in China

    Low agricultural water fee collection rates are a problem commonly faced by many developing countries and this is a problem faced by China as it enters the new century. There are two main problem-solving strategies used in different areas of China: increasing the water fee collection rate, or exempting people from paying the water fee. In those areas where the first strategy is pursued, local ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Plant Sciences in Agriculture

    Plant pathogens Microorganisms, also called as microbes, live in every part of the biosphere, including soil, water, and air. Plant pathogens are the microbes that infect plants and cause diseases. In history, some plant diseases led to tremendous negative impacts on society. In 1845, potato blight disease was prevalent in all potato growing regions in Ireland. Phytophthora infestans, a ...

  • Fenton's treatment of actual agriculture runoff water containing herbicides

    This research was to study the efficiency of the Fenton's treatment process for the removal of three herbicides, namely 2,4-dichlorophenoxy acetic acid (2,4-D), ametryn and dicamba from the sugarcane field runoff water. The treatment process was designed with the Taguchi approach by varying the four factors such as H2O2/COD (1–3.5), H2O2/Fe2+ (5–50), pH ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Agricultural water conservation and efficiency in California: a special focus on the Delta

    The Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta is a critical resource. Almost half of the water used for California’s agriculture comes from rivers that once flowed to the Delta and more than half of Californians rely on water conveyed through the Delta for at least some of their water supply. The Delta also provides habitat for 700 native plant and animal species. This important region is now in a serious, ...


    By Pacific Institute

  • Changing mechanisms of agricultural water use in the urbanization and industrialization of China

    The rapid urbanization and industrialization of China in recent years has presented serious challenges for the country in guaranteeing the preservation of agricultural water resources. This study selected four areas in China, each with different water resource and social development conditions. The relationship between the processes of urbanization and industrialization and recent agricultural ...


    By IWA Publishing

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