agriculture water Articles

  • `Standards are desperately needed for plastic and pesticide contamination in soil´

    In addition to plastic in the oceans, plastic contamination in arable land throughout Europe and other parts of the world is a growing problem. No standards exist for these types of soil pollutants, nor for pesticide residues or their degradation products. For this reason, Professor Violette Geissen is calling for standards to be implemented. On 15 June, Geissen will deliver her inaugural address ...

  • Reuse: Agriculture

    Agronomic and water quality considerations Water use for agricultural irrigation is the largest component of water use in most countries and is more than 70% of human water use in drier countries. Use of recycled water for irrigation requires consideration of soil types, groundwater levels, soil and water chemistry, nutrient loads, limits on chemicals, the salt tolerance of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Agricultural water vulnerability in rural Iran

    Water is an important factor of production and livelihood support in rural communities. Meanwhile, water shortage is a virtually common feature in many arid and semi-arid countries. It is also projected that water stress will be exacerbated in such regions because of climate change. The cumulative effects of these stressors can potentially increase agricultural water vulnerability (AWV). ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Are agricultural chemicals affecting our water?

    With the rate at which modern towns and cities expand it’s inevitable that the volume of separation between agricultural facilities and highly populated areas is shrinking. The loss of these areas can have a lasting impact, particularly when it comes to our water supplies. From an ...


    By AQUAREAD Limited

  • Sustainable agriculture and water quality control: a structural approach

    This paper reports on research empirically focused on the Brittany region in France, its agricultural sector and the impacts of agricultural activity on water quality. Our goal was to define and estimate indicators that illustrate the confrontation between environmental performance and economic cost criteria, in the context of a comparative scenario analysis related to the growth and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Optimisation of water pricing in the Greek agricultural sector

    The agricultural sector is a dominant one in the Greek economy and thus attracts the scientific interest. Water is significant for a cultivation’s productivity and consequently for the agricultural income. Water pricing as a result has become a subject of extended study. The present study refers to the Greek agricultural economy and suggests a macroeconomic model, through which the optimisation ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Recent Papers on Water Reuse in Irrigation and Agriculture

    The long-term goal of this research is to develop the infra-technologies to reclaim effluents from wastewater treatment plants and reuse them for agricultural water demands. The objectives of this were: 1) to study the effects of various wastewater treatment levels on crop growth and yields; 2) to determine the pollution loads from wastewater ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water for agriculture and the environment: the ultimate trade-off

    Global population is projected to increase over year 2000 levels by 30% in 2025 and by 50% in 2050. Producing sufficient food to feed a more populous Earth will be a challenge requiring additional developed water supplies. Existing supplies are unevenly distributed around the planet. Some developing countries lack sufficient water to grow the food necessary to feed the growing population. With ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Breaking the dilemma of agricultural water fee collection in China

    Low agricultural water fee collection rates are a problem commonly faced by many developing countries and this is a problem faced by China as it enters the new century. There are two main problem-solving strategies used in different areas of China: increasing the water fee collection rate, or exempting people from paying the water fee. In those areas where the first strategy is pursued, local ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Household water constraints and agricultural labour productivity in Tanzania

    While previous research has analysed the links between drinking water access and health, and to some extent between health and agriculture, the direct impact of household water access on agricultural productivity has hardly been studied. We address this research gap, using survey data from Tanzania. Regression models show that water access constraints significantly decrease labour productivity ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Agricultural water poverty in Marvdasht County, Southern Iran

    The paper discusses the application of the Agricultural Water Poverty Index (AWPI) as an assessment tool for agricultural water in rural areas of Marvdasht County, Fars Province, Iran. Along with the global concern, water has become an increasing concern during the recent years in Iran. This paper provides an overview of the AWPI and the methodology to measure AWP by addressing the four key ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • China: agricultural production and groundwater

    As in many parts of the People’s Republic of China, Shanxi Province is experiencing reduced water security for the agriculture sector. Changing climate conditions, including reduced rainfall, are increasing reliance on groundwater resources in the province. Unsustainable groundwater use for food production intensifies the impacts of climate change, and cost-effective adaptation responses ...

  • Biotechnology for Environmentally Safe Agriculture

    Issue: In Europe some uses of biotechnology are meeting vocal opposition from certain quarters. Nevertheless, the vast amount of knowledge acquired recently in biology can be used to develop and apply biotechnology for an environmentally safe agriculture. Public acceptance and a new policy impetus can serve to promote the introduction of safe and competitive agricultural technologies that have a ...

  • Watering Scarcity: Private investment opportunities in agricultural water use efficiency

    This report was prepared by Rabobank in collaboration with the World Resources Institute. In many regions around the world, demand for fresh water now outstrips renewable supplies. Water scarcity is projected to worsen considerably due to a combination of factors such as population increase, higher incomes and changing lifestyles, pollution, and climate change. Agriculture is by far the biggest ...

  • Setting water quality criteria for agricultural water reuse purposes

    The use of reclaimed water for agricultural irrigation is practiced worldwide and will increase in the future. The definition of water quality limits is a useful instrument for the assessment of water quality regarding its suitability for irrigation purposes and the performance of wastewater treatment steps. This study elaborates water quality objectives for a water reuse project in a setting ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • How to create resilient agriculture

    Durable food security and agricultural growth depend on development strategies with resilience built in from the start, says Gordon Conway. Economic growth with resilience to environmental threats will be central to the agenda of the UN Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20) in June this year, which aims to map out a pathway of sustainable development for the planet. ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Treatment of agricultural drainage water via downflow hanging sponge system for reuse in agriculture

    Treatment of agricultural drainage water (ADW) in a down-flow hanging sponge (DHS) reactor has been investigated for a period of 1 y. The reactor was operated at different hydraulic retention times (HRTs) of 5.26, 2.63, and 1.5 h and corresponding organic loading rates (OLRs) of 2.01, 1.86, and 4.43 kg COD/m3 d, respectively. The results obtained indicated that, decreasing the HRT from 5.26 to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Agricultural runoff contaminant discharge in Dianchi Valley agricultural district, China

    release of pollutants in Agricultural Runoff (AR) from a plastic canopy (PC) region in eastern Dianchi Catchment of China was investigated. The daily variation coefficients of water quantity in 2002 and 2003 were 15.9 and 7.6 respectively. From May 2002 to September 2003, local farmland had discharge of 2.9?3.2 l m2 d1. Pollutant loads from research area to Dianchi Lake from October to April were ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Agricultural water reuse in Nicaragua: extent, actual practices, perception and perspectives

    Data on the extent of water reuse, its characteristics and social perception is scarce, notably for developing countries. To characterize reuse in Nicaragua, a water-rich country, use of effluents from 22 wastewater treatment plants was surveyed on-site, in combination with a literature review and surveys of government institutions, water utilities and farmers. It was found that 50% of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Case study United Arab Emirates - independent water solution for agriculture

    Client Environment Acengy, United Arab Emirates (UAE) Location remote agriculture farm, near Al-Alin Desert Introduction Beside of harsh climate conditions, one of the major difficulties for the agriculture farms in desert areas is access to salt-free water Most underground water resources are brackish and not suitable for ...


    By Trunz Water Systems AG

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