crop quality Articles

  • From electronic noses to invasive bees, 15 surprising trends for 2017

    What should we be thinking about when we think about the future of biodiversity, conservation and the environment? An international team of experts in horizon scanning, science communication and conservation recently asked that question as participants in the eighth annual Horizon Scan of Emerging Issues for ...


    By Ensia

  • Water Quality, Soil and Managing Irrigation of Crops

    The book entitled Water Quality, Soil and Managing Irrigation of Crops comprises three sections, specifically: Reuse Water Quality, Soil and Pollution which comprises five technical chapters, Managing Irrigation of Crops with four, and Examples of Irrigation Systems three technical chapters, all presented by the respective authors in their own fields of expertise. This text should be of interest ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Cultivating energy crop production

    A NEW Farm Bill is moving through the Congressional legislative process. Along the way, commercial agriculture is debating the energy impacts of future corn and soybean production. The growth of corn-based ethanol and soybean-based biodiesel has created competition for the feed inputs into animal agriculture, namely corn and soybeans. While most of agriculture discusses energy production from ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Soil quality and corn yield under crop–livestock integration in Illinois

    Compared with traditional cropping systems, integrated crop–livestock systems have shown greater efficiency in improving soil quality and crop yield. The objective of this study was to determine how an integrated crop–livestock system affected soil properties and corn (Zea mays L.) yield when compared with continuous corn (CC). The study was conducted from 2004–2008 on a large-scale research farm ...

  • Comparison of runoff quantity and quality under annual cropping and forages

    Conversion from annual cropping to perennial forages may be a beneficial management practice (BMP) to reduce runoff quantity and improve surface water quality. Runoff variables were determined in two 30 ha producer's fields over 4 years (2004–2007) using a rainfall simulator. Field 1 was cropped to barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) in 2004 and then an alfalfa (Medicago sp.) and grass mix used for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Crops flourish with Scalewatcher

    Water is an essential component of horticulture and agriculture whether it is used for irrigating field-scale vegetables, nursery stock, flowers or fruit.  Where water contains high degrees of calcium, magnesium and sodium, it can cause nutrient deficiency in plants and crops resulting in stunted growth and poor yields. Calcium also blocks irrigation systems and boilers in heated ...

  • The use of treated wastewater and fertigation in greenhouse pepper crop as affecting growth and fruit quality

    The performance and suitability of tertiary treated wastewater (TW) and/or fertigation (F) in pepper plants were studied over a 4-month period in greenhouse conditions. Four treatments were used consisting of (1) water, (2) water + F, (3) TW, and (4) TW + F. The F and/or TW application increased plant height and plant biomass compared with the control plants (irrigated with water) ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The effect of amendment of vegetable waste compost used as substrate in soilless culture on yield and quality of melon crops

    One of the main environmental impacts of forced systems in horticulture — such as plastic covered and soilless culture — is the generation of organic plant residues and substrate waste. Many people are keen on research and development of ecologically friendly substrates. Thus, leaching experiments have been carried out with distilled water to determine whether compost — from horticultural ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Influence of vermicompost on the physico-chemical and biological properties in different types of soil along with yield and quality of the pulse crop–blackgram

    Long-term application of inorganic fertilizers like high doses of ammonium sulfate and sulfur coated urea has led to soil acidification (Ma et al., 1990), decrease in soil aggregate stability (Estevez et al., 1996) decrease in soil respiration (Sharma 2003), pollution of underground water and decrease in earthworm populations (Edwards and Bohlen 1996). Vermicompost has been shown to have high ...


    By University of Tehran

  • Cover crop and liquid manure effects on soil quality indicators in a corn silage system

    Due to a lack of surface residue and organic matter inputs, continuous corn (Zea mays L.) silage production is one of the most demanding cropping systems imposed on our soil resources. In this study, our objective was to determine if using cover/companion crops and/or applying low-solids liquid dairy manure could improve physical, chemical, and biological soil properties and overall soil quality. ...

  • Microbial quality and suitability of roof-harvested rainwater in rural villages for crop irrigation and domestic use

    The study aimed at assessing the microbiological quality and suitability of roof-harvested rainwater (RHRW) for crop irrigation and domestic use. In total, 80 rainwater tanks (246 samples) across three rural villages (Ga-Molepane, Jericho and Luthngele) were visited. Culture-based techniques were used to isolate bacterial microbes and identities were confirmed using matrix-assisted laser ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Transgenic crops, EU precaution, and developing countries

    Agricultural biotechnologies have the potential to offer higher incomes for farmers in developing countries and lower-priced and better-quality food, feed and fibre. That potential is being heavily compromised, however, because of strict regulatory systems in the European Union and elsewhere governing transgenically modified (GM) crops. This paper examines why the EU has taken the extreme ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • One crop, two ways, multiple benefits

    Nitrogen fixation is one of the best examples of cooperation in nature. Soil microbes – naturally occurring bacteria in the soil – work with plants to pull nitrogen from the air. They turn the nitrogen into a form the plant is able to use. In return, the plant lets the microbes eat some of the sugars it makes. Faba beans (also called fava beans) are one example of plants that work ...

  • Worms & Black Castings for an Abundance of Healthy Crops

    Earthworms are more than just good fishing buddies, they naturally incorporate organic material into the soil, increasing the amount of microbes, improving the health of the soil, and increasing plant productivity. Both worms and black castings from worms provide your garden or farm with a nutrient rich and robust environment, able to ...


    By Vermitechnology Unlimited

  • Postharvest technologies for extending the shelf life of ornamental crops

    1-Methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) and other cyclopropenes block ethylene responses in plants at the receptor level. 1-MCP is commercially available under the trade name of EthylBloc® and SmartFresh™. It is very effective in blocking ethylene responses in a range of ornamental crops, fruits and vegetables. Some recently prepared 1-substituted cyclopropenes inactivate the receptor even for a longer time ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Enriching African soils key to boosting crop yields

    In African countries where farmers have access and can afford to buy fertiliser, there is a profound difference in agricultural yields, a feature in Nature notes. The red soil found across much of the continent is low in organic matter and key nutrients, and intensive farming in ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Reuse of constructed wetland effluents for irrigation of energy crops

    The aim of this study was to evaluate biomass production of promising ‘no-food’ energy crops, Vetiveria zizanoides (L.) Nash, Miscanthus × giganteus Greef et Deu. and Arundo donax (L.), irrigated with low quality water at different evapotranspiration restitutions. Two horizontal subsurface flow (H-SSF) constructed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Can genetic engineering help quench crops’ thirst?

    Researchers around the world are exploring how GMO technology might boost food production under hot, dry conditions. Roger Deal is trying to figure out how plants remember drought. An assistant professor of biochemistry and genetics at Emory University, Deal says most plants have a kind of memory for stress. When experiencing water shortage, for example, plants close ...


    By Ensia

  • No-till sequential cropping of summer and fall annual forage species compared with grassland

    Summer (SAS) and fall annual species (FAS) can supplement animal forage requirements during times of slow growth of cool-season perennials. A 2-yr experiment was conducted in a perennial grassland (G) at the Reedsville Experimental Farm of West Virginia University to determine herbage accumulation (HA) and quality of two summer and two fall crops (in factorial combination) grown on the same land. ...

  • Affordable Orlando Organic Fertilizers, Healthy Soil for Vegetables & Crops

    The success of a garden or crops is directly affected by the health of the soil ecosystem, creating a bounty of delicious vegetables and beautiful flowers. For true sustainability, maximum nutrition and amazing flavor, organic fertilizers and black worm castings are the the answer. How to Create Healthy Soil? Don’t use synthetic fertilizer or harmful chemicals. “When ...


    By Vermitechnology Unlimited

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