farmland Articles

  • Farmland Abandonment in the EU: an Assessment of Trends and Prospects

    Over recent decades substantial areas of the EU have been affected by agricultural abandonment (ie. the complete withdrawal of agricultural management such that natural succession processes are able to progress). This is largely a result of declines in the viability of extensive (low input) and small-scale agriculture systems. Therefore such abandonment threatens a range of semi-natural habitats ...

  • Hedonic analysis of farmland prices: the case of Aragon

    A hedonic approach is used to study farmland prices in Aragon (Spain). Data over 450 transactions in 33 shires, in 2001 and 2002 are analysed. The marginal values for irrigated vs. non-irrigated land, the productive orientation and the differentiation of production through a Designation of Origin (D.O.) are used as explanatory variables. Socio-economic variables are also included. A Box-Cox ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Validation and Improvement of High Nature Value Farmland Identification

    The Concept of High Nature Value (HNV) farmland has been evolving over the last fifteen years in Europe. In the European Union this has been closely linked to the aim of integrating environmental concerns in the Common Agricultural Policy. The idea that nature values, environmental qualities, even cultural heritage are linked to or dependent on farming, also underlies and supports the concept of ...


  • Molecular epidemiology of campylobacter jejuni populations in dairy cattle, wildlife, and the environment in a farmland area

    We describe a cross-sectional study of the molecular epidemiology of Campylobacter jejuni in a dairy farmland environment, with the aim of elucidating the dynamics of horizontal transmission of C. jejuni genotypes among sources in the area. A collection of 327 C. jejuni isolates from cattle, wildlife, and environmental sources in a 100-km2 area ...

  • Screening of a new cadmium hyperaccumulator Galinsoga parviflora from winter farmland weeds using the artificially‐high soil cadmium concentration method

    A new method, the artificially‐high soil cadmium (Cd) concentration method, was used to screen for Cd hyperaccumulators among winter farmland weeds. Galinsoga parviflora was the most promising remedial plant among five Cd accumulators or hyperaccumulators. In Cd concentration gradient experiments, as soil Cd concentration increased, root and shoot biomass decreased and their Cd contents ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Modeling the spatial pattern of farmland using GIS and multiple logistic regression: a case study of Maotiao River Basin, Guizhou Province, China

    Land use change is an important topic in the field of global environmental change and sustainable development. Land use change modeling has attracted substantial attention because it helps researchers understand the mechanisms of land use change and assists regulatory bodies in formulating relevant policies. Maotiao River Basin is located in the province of Guizhou, China, which has a developed ...


    By Springer

  • Agricultural runoff contaminant discharge in Dianchi Valley agricultural district, China

    release of pollutants in Agricultural Runoff (AR) from a plastic canopy (PC) region in eastern Dianchi Catchment of China was investigated. The daily variation coefficients of water quantity in 2002 and 2003 were 15.9 and 7.6 respectively. From May 2002 to September 2003, local farmland had discharge of 2.9?3.2 l m2 d1. Pollutant loads from research area to Dianchi Lake from October to April were ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Scale of biomass production from new woody crops for salinity control in dryland agriculture in Australia

    There is scope internationally to utilise surplus and degraded agricultural land for biomass crops that might also be environmentally beneficial. For example, dryland salinity in southern Australian could be ameliorated using profitable woody biomass crops. A model was developed to predict biomass production from such woody crops. At a biomass price of A$35/t (green) and a water use efficiency of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Impact–based cost–benefit analysis model for management of crude oil contaminated agricultural soil

    Evaluating the compensation payable to farmers whose farms/farmlands have been rendered unproductive due to oil spill requires adequate scientific research and improved decision–making. This work proposes a bacterial–based mathematical framework as a decision–support system for evaluating crude oil spill impact on agricultural soil. The rate of 'in situ' biodegradation of the crude oil predicts ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The multifunctional use of urban greenspace

    This paper calls attention to the critical role of greenspaces in cities, while it overviews the many functions they provide. From a theoretical perspective, the utility function of urban greenspaces concerns multiple dimensions. Temporal, spatial and social aspects clearly need a taxonomic approach, which is also described in this study. Thus, the prominent goal of this paper is to highlight the ...

  • Science for Environment Policy

    The  economic  impact  of climate  change  on European agriculture A new study has estimated how changes to climate might affect the value of European farmland. Based on data for over 41 000 farms, the results suggest that their economic value could drop by up to 32%, depending on the climate scenario considered- Farms in southern Europe are particularly sensitive to ...

  • Family Farmers: The Original Conservationists

    The modern conservation movement has its roots in the Dust Bowl era of the 1930’s when harsh winds swept soil from parched Midwest fields and created towering clouds of dust that plagued the country. Hugh Hammond Bennett, the father of the modern soil conservation movement, dramatically threw open the curtains of the room in which he was delivering testimony on soil erosion before Congress ...


    By National Farmers Union

  • Precise fertilizer management - Grass analysis by X-ray fluorescence spectrometry

    A significant proportion of agricultural land in Europe is grass for livestock grazing. For example, in the UK as a whole, the combined area of grassland is around 6,997,000 hectares, nearly 38% of the total agricultural area [2]. In NorthernIreland, where clay soils and a temperate climate are particularly suitable for grass production, this percentage is much higher. Here about 95% of farmland ...


    By PANalytical

  • Floodplain management

    A SAWA case study by the Chamber of Agriculture, Lower Saxony (Landwirtschaftskammer Niedersachsen), Germany. The study is related to the SAWA-Project "Flood control and prevention in cooperation with rural development to reduce the inundation risk on agricultural land." With the increase of extreme rainfall due to Climate Change, the issue of nutrients and pollutants distribution on farmlands ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The European Grassland Butterfly Indicator: 1990–2011

    This report presents the European Grassland Butterfly Indicator, based on national Butterfly Monitoring Schemes (BMS) in 19 countries across Europe, most of them in the European Union. The indicator shows that since 1990 till 2011 butterfly populations have declined by almost 50 %, indicating a dramatic loss of grassland biodiversity. This also means the situation has not improved since the ...

  • Is organic farming climate friendly?

    Think organic farming is climate friendly? You might want to think again. A study published recently in the journal Agriculture and Human Values suggests that as organic agriculture emulates conventional industrial agriculture, the environmental benefits may not be the slam-dunk that ...


    By Ensia

  • Agriculture and the environment in the EU accession countries

    Implications of applying the EU common agricultural policy Agriculture has played a central role in shaping and influencing the environment in numerous ways throughout Europe over the centuries, and ...

  • The optimization of the paddy field irrigation scheduling using mathematical programming

    In planting rice, a significant amount of irrigation water is required to prepare the farmlands and do transplanting and this is directly related to the number of machines and workers available; that is, the more the length of plowing and transplanting process due to the lack of required machinery and labor, the more the water volume consumed. Therefore, in such conditions, it is important to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Gender role flexibility and smallholder survival

    Pluriactivity is the usual survival strategy adopted by smallholders. This strategy is effective when it is accompanied by considerable gender role flexibility that allows the combination of men's and women's farm work and farm management contributions. Interviews with 296 smallholders in rural Greece showed that the most adaptive survival strategy is adopted when pluriactive male partners ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Re-coupling the carbon and water cycles by Natural Sequence Farming

    The techniques of Natural Sequence Farming (NSF) were developed during hands-on management of degraded farmland in the Upper Hunter Valley region of Australia. Early settlement of the continent by people with European cultural assumptions disrupted established interactions of water, soil, and plants resulting in lost fertility. Moreover, agricultural practices such as clearing, burning, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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