farmland Articles

  • Validation and Improvement of High Nature Value Farmland Identification

    The Concept of High Nature Value (HNV) farmland has been evolving over the last fifteen years in Europe. In the European Union this has been closely linked to the aim of integrating environmental concerns in the Common Agricultural Policy. The idea that nature values, environmental qualities, even cultural heritage are linked to or dependent on farming, also underlies and supports the concept of ...


  • Knowledge of Farm Practices – The Key for Successful Farming

    Agriculture plays an important part in the world economy. One-third of the economically active population obtains its livelihood from agriculture. In Asia and Africa, millions of small-scale farmers, fishermen, and indigenous people produce most of the food consumed worldwide, in most cases on very small plots of land. Agriculture is increasingly called upon to address a wide range of critical ...


    By Agrivi Ltd

  • Modeling the spatial pattern of farmland using GIS and multiple logistic regression: a case study of Maotiao River Basin, Guizhou Province, China

    Land use change is an important topic in the field of global environmental change and sustainable development. Land use change modeling has attracted substantial attention because it helps researchers understand the mechanisms of land use change and assists regulatory bodies in formulating relevant policies. Maotiao River Basin is located in the province of Guizhou, China, which has a developed ...


    By Springer

  • Agricultural runoff contaminant discharge in Dianchi Valley agricultural district, China

    release of pollutants in Agricultural Runoff (AR) from a plastic canopy (PC) region in eastern Dianchi Catchment of China was investigated. The daily variation coefficients of water quantity in 2002 and 2003 were 15.9 and 7.6 respectively. From May 2002 to September 2003, local farmland had discharge of 2.9?3.2 l m2 d1. Pollutant loads from research area to Dianchi Lake from October to April were ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • GPR survey to delineate abandoned trenches at an unpermitted disposal site

    PROJECT: GPR survey with confirmatory excavations at contaminated farmland LOCATION: Grandview, Washington PROJECT DESCRIPTION: Performed a saturation GPR survey of farmland (suspected of having illegally buried drums of herbicides and pesticides) to identify / locate the edges of trenches. Recommended excavation locations that enabled client to obtain ...


    By ECA Geophysics

  • Scale of biomass production from new woody crops for salinity control in dryland agriculture in Australia

    There is scope internationally to utilise surplus and degraded agricultural land for biomass crops that might also be environmentally beneficial. For example, dryland salinity in southern Australian could be ameliorated using profitable woody biomass crops. A model was developed to predict biomass production from such woody crops. At a biomass price of A$35/t (green) and a water use efficiency of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The multifunctional use of urban greenspace

    This paper calls attention to the critical role of greenspaces in cities, while it overviews the many functions they provide. From a theoretical perspective, the utility function of urban greenspaces concerns multiple dimensions. Temporal, spatial and social aspects clearly need a taxonomic approach, which is also described in this study. Thus, the prominent goal of this paper is to highlight the ...

  • Family Farmers: The Original Conservationists

    The modern conservation movement has its roots in the Dust Bowl era of the 1930’s when harsh winds swept soil from parched Midwest fields and created towering clouds of dust that plagued the country. Hugh Hammond Bennett, the father of the modern soil conservation movement, dramatically threw open the curtains of the room in which he was delivering testimony on soil erosion before Congress ...


    By National Farmers Union

  • The European Grassland Butterfly Indicator: 1990–2011

    This report presents the European Grassland Butterfly Indicator, based on national Butterfly Monitoring Schemes (BMS) in 19 countries across Europe, most of them in the European Union. The indicator shows that since 1990 till 2011 butterfly populations have declined by almost 50 %, indicating a dramatic loss of grassland biodiversity. This also means the situation has not improved since the ...

  • Is organic farming climate friendly?

    Think organic farming is climate friendly? You might want to think again. A study published recently in the journal Agriculture and Human Values suggests that as organic agriculture emulates conventional industrial agriculture, the environmental benefits may not be the slam-dunk that ...


    By Ensia

  • Re-coupling the carbon and water cycles by Natural Sequence Farming

    The techniques of Natural Sequence Farming (NSF) were developed during hands-on management of degraded farmland in the Upper Hunter Valley region of Australia. Early settlement of the continent by people with European cultural assumptions disrupted established interactions of water, soil, and plants resulting in lost fertility. Moreover, agricultural practices such as clearing, burning, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Gender role flexibility and smallholder survival

    Pluriactivity is the usual survival strategy adopted by smallholders. This strategy is effective when it is accompanied by considerable gender role flexibility that allows the combination of men's and women's farm work and farm management contributions. Interviews with 296 smallholders in rural Greece showed that the most adaptive survival strategy is adopted when pluriactive male partners ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Direct payment policies for the regeneration of less-favoured areas: a comparative study of the EU and Japan

    This paper evaluates the constitution, significance and limitations of direct payment policy to farmers in hilly mountainous areas (i.e., Japan's less-favoured areas), where small-sized terraced paddy field farming is predominant. A significant period of depopulation and the successive aging of the rural society have resulted in the decline of farming output and the abandonment of farmland. As a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The optimization of the paddy field irrigation scheduling using mathematical programming

    In planting rice, a significant amount of irrigation water is required to prepare the farmlands and do transplanting and this is directly related to the number of machines and workers available; that is, the more the length of plowing and transplanting process due to the lack of required machinery and labor, the more the water volume consumed. Therefore, in such conditions, it is important to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Recently planted vegetation strips reduce Giardia runoff reaching waterways

    Current methods for tracking pathogens across farmland and into surrounding waterways via runoff are limited and typically have been developed using artificially created landscapes. No studies have investigated how Giardia in farm runoff moves across the landscape, despite high prevalence rates in dairy cattle (Bos taurus) worldwide. Here, we report the development of a field-based tracking ...

  • Impacts of land use and land cover changes on evapotranspiration and runoff at Shalamulun River watershed, China

    The study assesses the effect of land use and land cover changes (LUCC) on evapotranspiration and runoff in the Shalamulun River watershed of 2,453 km2 located in Inner Mongolia Autonomic Region of China. First, Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) and Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) images from 1987, 2001 and 2007 are used to quantify LUCC in the watershed. A knowledge-based decision tree (K-DT) ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Land tax: towards a multifunctional institutional tool for land reform and rangeland conservation

    This paper presents a bio-economic modelling technique which provides insight on the probable impacts on the management of natural resources of a land tax as an example of policy instrument. The paper is based on a case study carried out in arid natural rangelands of Namibia, where an agricultural land tax has been implemented in 2006. Responding to concerns regarding the impact of this ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Why are some French farmers sludge-takers? Some agronomic and socioeconomic explanations

    The continued spreading of household wastewater sludge on farmlands is a major economic and environmental issue. This practice is being challenged in France, mainly through pressure from the agrifood business. Here, by means of an agronomic analysis performed on 60 farms, we show the relevance of the following variables: proportion of arable land, technical performance of the farm, and quality ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Ecohydrological modeling of irrigation scheduling of maize using time series analysis in the temperate region of Kashmir valley, India

    Water, one of the most crucial inputs of irrigation, should be utilized judiciously to identify appropriate strategies for planning and management of irrigated farmland. The present study was conducted for the crop maize (Zea mays), grown mainly in the rabi-season (July–October), to evaluate the irrigation water requirements in the temperate region of Kashmir Valley, India during the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Nonfood Biodiesel Seed Leaflet: Pongamia Pinnata

    Pongamia Pinnata is one of the few nitrogen fixing trees (NFTS) to produce seeds containing 30-42% oil. The seed oil is an important asset of this tree having been used as lamp oil, in soap making, and as a lubricant for thousands of years. It is often planted as an ornamental and shade tree but CJP has honor to establish this untapped resource as alternative source for Bio- Diesel industry of ...


    By Advanced Biofuel Center

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