herbicide use Articles

  • Analysis of the Herbicide Triazines Using Ascentis™ C18

    This application demonstrates the suitability of the Ascentis C18 for the analysis of the herbicide triazines simazine, cyanazine, and atrazine.  An Ascentis C18, 15 cm x 4.6 mm I.D., 5 μm particles was used under isocratic mobile phase conditoins (70:30 water:acetonitrile) for the separation.  All samples where diluted to 50 μg/mL, in 70:30 water:acetonitrile mobile phase, and 10 ...


    By MilliporeSigma

  • Maximising herbicide efficiency - Case Study

    The most important component in achieving an effective and efficient spray solution will always be the water source, so in hard water areas, using a good quality water conditioner is essential to prevent chemical breakdown and maximise herbicide performance. Around the country water can range from soft to hard and its pH can also vary depending on location. From Yorkshire down ...


    By Ilex EnviroSciences Limited

  • Photo-assisted electrochemical degradation of the commercial herbicide atrazine

    This paper presents a degradation study of the pesticide atrazine using photo-assisted electrochemical methods at a dimensionally stable anode (DSA®) of nominal composition Ti/Ru0.3Ti0.7O2 in a prototype reactor. The effects of current density, electrolyte flow-rate, as well as the use of different atrazine concentrations are reported. The results indicate that the energy consumption is ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Quantifying vapor drift of dicamba herbicides applied to soybean

    Recent advances in biotechnology have produced cultivars of corn, soybean, and cotton resistant to the synthetic‐auxin herbicide dicamba. This technology will allow dicamba herbicides to be applied in new crops, at new periods in the growing season, and over greatly expanded areas, including postemergence applications in soybean. From past and current use in corn and small grains, dicamba vapor ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Effects of the herbicide imazapyr on juvenile Oregon spotted frogs

    Conflict between native amphibians and aquatic weed management in the Pacific Northwest is rarely recognized because most native stillwater‐breeding amphibian species move upland during summer, when herbicide application to control weeds in aquatic habitats typically occurs. However, aquatic weed management may pose a risk for aquatic species present in wetlands through the summer, such as the ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Leaching of three sulfonylurea herbicides during sprinkler irrigation

    Sulfonylurea herbicides are widely applied on the Canadian prairies to control weeds in a variety of crops. Several sulfonylurea herbicides are mobile in soil, and there is concern about their possible movement to ground water. This study was performed to assess the susceptibility of three sulfonylurea herbicides commonly used in prairie crop production to leach under a worst-case scenario. ...

  • One Year Later · Persistent Herbicides in Compost

    ONE YEAR has passed since the Washington State University (WSU) composting facility and the Spokane Regional Compost Facility discovered traces of persistent herbicides in their composts. In Spokane, the source of contamination is a compound called clopyralid. Compost contamination at WSU initially involved the herbicide picloram, but clopyralid has since been detected in the compost also. In ...


  • Herbicides Confidential Client, Ontario, Canada (Metolachlor)

    Ontario, Canada Project Treatment of Soil Impacted by Chlorinated Pesticides Summary This project was the second of three pilot scale projects within a research and development program designed to validate certain DARAMEND® applications on chlorinated pesticide impacted soil. The Challenge Treatment of 250 tons of soil ...


  • Development of a Bioaccumulation Model For Herbicides in Ulva and Clams

    Coastal lagoons are shallow water ecosystems characterised by high biodiversity and primary and secondary production, and with an elevated number of different habitats. These habitats have a key role as nursery and rest areas for a great number of marine species and birds. During the last decades these ecosystems have been exposed tomany anthropogenic pressures (urban, domestic, agricultural ...


  • Trend of herbicide loads in the river Rhine and its tributaries

    Many policies have been established and actions have been taken to reduce pesticide pollution of surface waters. However, the effectiveness of these initiatives was rarely tested on an empirical basis. This study suggests that evidence on the policy effects can be evaluated by analyzing the temporal changes in the loads rather than the concentrations of active ingredients in rivers. It is shown ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Estimation of herbicide species sensitivity distribution using single‐species algal toxicity data and information on the mode of action

    Although species sensitivity distribution (SSD) is a key concept for quantitative ecological risk assessment, its application is limited owing to a lack of sufficient data for the analysis, especially on the toxicity of herbicides for primary producers. The authors developed a method of herbicide SSD estimation using single‐species toxicity data and information on the herbicide mode of action ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Evaluation of the management practice for controlling herbicide runoff from paddy fields using intermittent and spillover-irrigation schemes

    Two water management practices, an intermittent  irrigation scheme using automatic irrigation system(AI) and a spillover-irrigation scheme (SI), were compared for the fate and transport of commonly used herbicides, mefenacet (MF) and bensulfuron-methyl (BSM) in experimental paddy plots. Maximum mefenacet concentrations in paddy water were 660 and 540 µgL−1 for AI and SI plot, respectively. ...


    By Springer

  • The relative sensitivity of macrophyte and algal species to herbicides and fungicides: An analysis using species sensitivity distributions

    Lemna spp. are the standard test species representing aquatic macrophytes in the current risk assessment schemes for herbicides and plant growth regulators in the European Union and North America. At a Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) workshop on Aquatic Macrophyte Risk Assessment for Pesticides (AMRAP), a Species Sensitivity Distribution (SSD) working group was formed ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Ninth Circuit Denies Requests to Stay Use of Enlist Duo Herbicide During Judicial Review

    On August 11, 2015, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit denied a motion for a stay pending review filed on December 18, 2014, by the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC), as well as a subsequent stay motion filed on February 6, 2015, by the Center for Food Safety and other petitioners (Case Nos. 14-73353 and 14-73359, consolidated).  Both motions requested that the court stay ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Evaluation of FTIR spectroscopy as a maturity index for herbicide-contaminated composts

    This paper analyses the use of Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy as a maturity index for herbicide-contaminated green wastes composts. Four in-vessel composting systems were set-up with Compost A constituting of uncontaminated grass clippings and Composts B, C and D contaminated with atrazine, 2,4-D and tordon 101 respectively. The physicochemical properties of the composts were ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Photocatalytic degradation of the herbicide cinosulfuron in aqueous TiO 2 suspension

    Abstract The photocatalytic degradation of a sulfonylurea herbicide, cinosulfuron, has been studied in TiO 2 aqueous suspensions. A first order kinetic law was found. The influence of the initial concentration of cinosulfuron and of the initial radiant flux on the kinetics were evaluated. The identification of the intermediate products was based on high performance liquid chromatography coupled ...


    By Springer

  • Surfactant-Enhanced Desorption of Atrazine and Linuron Residues as Affected by Aging of Herbicides in Soil

    Abstract  In the present work, we studied the efficiency of two surfactants, one anionic (SDS) and other non-ionic (Triton X-100), in the desorption of atrazine and linuron after 0, 3, and 9 months of soil-herbicide aging time. Batch desorption studies were conducted in soil-water and in soil-water-surfactant systems. The kinetic pattern of ...


    By Springer

  • The essential oils in agriculture as an alternative strategy to herbicides: a case study

    In this study we investigated the allelopathic effect of some essential oils extracted from aromatic plants to inhibit weed seed germination. The study was performed to evaluate the potential genotoxic effect of lavender on Vicia faba root meristems by genotoxicity tests (comet assay and micronuclei test) and to evaluate microbial diversity fluctuation by Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The herbicide atrazine induces hyperactivity and compromises tadpole detection of predator chemical cues

    The ability to detect chemical cues is often critical for freshwater organisms to avoid predation and find food and mates. In particular, reduced activity and avoidance of chemical cues signaling predation risk are generally adaptive behaviors that reduce prey encounter rates with predators. Here, we examined the effects of the common herbicide atrazine on the ability of Cuban tree frog ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Effects of the herbicide dicamba on non‐target plants and pollinator visitation

    Nearly 80% of all pesticides applied to row crops are herbicides, and these applications pose potentially significant ecotoxicological risks to non‐target plants and associated pollinators. In response to the widespread occurrence of weed species resistant to glyphosate, biotechnology companies have developed crops resistant to the synthetic‐auxin herbicides dicamba or 2,4‐D, and once ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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