soil preparation Articles

  • Prepare Your Sprayer for Storage Now to Avoid Costly Problems in Spring

    Growers — extra care for your sprayer now can save time and money later. So says Erdal Ozkan, an engineer and spray technology expert with the College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences at The Ohio State University. Ozkan, who is an agricultural engineering professor who also has appointments with Ohio State University Extension and the Ohio Agricultural ...


    By Ohio State University

  • Five Ways to Manage the Soil for Planting

    The soil, as the primary resource for food production and the most important tool for every farmer, is crucial for farming. Successful farming begins with the quality soil, which provides water and essential nutrients to the crops. Rich and healthy soil, combined with the appropriate amount of water and sunlight can significantly contribute to global food production. Proper soil management ...


    By Agrivi Ltd

  • Need for national soil policies for developing countries - some facts

    As a soil scientist working for more than 25 years, I am very much concerned with soil protection and conservation. In this process, I started collecting information related to national soil policies of different countries. To my surprise I could not get a well defined national soil policy for any one of the developing country? A developing country can be defined as , that country which has a ...

  • Assessing short-term responses of prokaryotic communities in bulk and rhizosphere soils to tall fescue endophyte infection

    Abstract In contrast to endophyte-free (E−) tall fescue, endophyte-infected (E+) tall fescue pastures appear to enhance soil carbon sequestration. A hypothetical mechanism that may account for the enhanced carbon sequestration is that the E+ tall fescue affects the soil microbial community or components of it that are involved in organic carbon turnover. A 60-week mesocosm study with a ...


    By Springer

  • Long-term Polyacrylamide formulation effects on soil erosion, water infiltration, and yields of furrow-irrigated crops

    Two formulations of water-soluble anionic polyacrylamide (WSPAM) are used in agriculture to reduce erosion and manage infiltration in furrow irrigations, although few if any reports have compared their effectiveness. A control and two WSPAMs, a granular form and the inverse emulsion, or oil-based liquid form, were applied to irrigation water supplied to furrows formed in a silt loam soil with ...

  • The Relationship Between the Soil-Water Characteristic Curve and the Unsaturated Shear Strength of a Compacted Glacial Till

    Soils compacted at various “initial” water contents and to various densities should be considered as “different” soils from a soil mechanics behavioral standpoint even though their mineralogy, plasticity, and texture are the same. The engineering behavioral change from one specimen to another will vary due to differences in soil structure or aggregation. The shear strength of an unsaturated soil ...


    By ASTM International

  • Extractability, plant yield and toxicity thresholds for boron in compost

    Boron (B) is a trace element essential to crop growth in small soil concentrations (0.2-1.5ppm), yet may produce plant toxicity symptoms readily as the amount in the soil solution increases over 2ppm. Boron is present in significant amounts in recycled materials such as municipal solid waste (MSW) and coal fly ash, and therefore composts containing these ingredients may potentially exceed ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Woodland Burial Sites

    The Funeralcare Co-operative Plan Bee Wildflower Meadow Creation As part of the ambitious Plan Bee project (which aims to save the plight of honey bees and pollinators across the UK), the Funeralcare Co-operative Woodland Burial Sites have been awarded funding to create bee friendly wildflower corridors. BritishFlora are managing the habitat ...


    By BritishFlora

  • Regional Assessment of Nutrient and Pesticide Leaching in the Vegetable Production Area of Rattaphum Catchment, Thailand

    Regional groundwater vulnerability maps to indicate the impact of leaching of chemicals under different management scenarios were prepared for the Rattaphum Catchment using several leaching models and GIS techniques. The Attenuation Factor (AF) model was used to simulate the leaching potential of several pesticides for selected soils in the catchment under different rates of recharge from ...


    By Springer

  • Regional Assessment of Nutrient and Pesticide Leaching in the Vegetable Production Area of Rattaphum Catchment, Thailand

    Regional groundwater vulnerability maps to indicate the impact of leaching of chemicals under different management scenarios were prepared for the Rattaphum Catchment using several leaching models and GIS techniques. The Attenuation Factor (AF) model was used to simulate the leaching potential of several pesticides for selected soils in the catchment under different rates of recharge from ...


    By Springer

  • Moisture Content and Density of Smectites

    The measured density of smectites, using ASTM Test Method for Specific Gravity of Soils (D 854) and ASTM Method for Laboratory Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil, Rock, and Soil-Aggregate Mixtures (D 2216), vary as a function of heating temperature and time. For example, the measured moisture content of air-dry Otay bentonite, heated to 110°C, varied from 16.48% moisture to 19.0% ...


    By ASTM International

  • Accumulation and mobility of heavy metals in fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graceum L.) and tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.) grown in the field amended with urban wastes, and their composts and vermicomposts

    Accumulation of cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu) and manganese (Mn) in roots, stems and leaves of fenugreek and tomato grown on lateritic soil amended with municipal solid waste, market and floral waste, and their composts and vermicomposts prepared using three earthworm species, were assessed. The heavy metal accumulation in the plant parts showed significant correlations with ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Development and comparison of four methods for the extraction of antibiotics from a vegetative matrix

    Studies have shown the potential for antibiotic uptake into food crops from irrigation water and soils containing pharmaceuticals. The objective of this study was to develop and compare methods quantifying uptake of antibiotics in food crops. Four methods were evaluated utilizing freeze and thaw cell lysing (FT), mechanical maceration (MAC), tissue sonication (SON), and microwave assisted ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Editorial - Slam Dunks For Compost

    ISSUE deadlines dictate life in our office. This time around, I just couldn’t stop myself from learning more about the subject matter of the article I was writing. As a result, the entire issue was prepared, and there were three pages left for one of the most exciting articles I have worked on — converting brownfields and vacant lots into highly productive farms and gardens in neighborhoods that ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Compost Science & Utilization: Current research

    Materials and Methods Composting To Eradicate Fusarium Graminearum From Infested Livestock FeedInvestigators: Francis J. Larney, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Research Centre, Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada; T. Kelly Turkington, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Research Centre, Lacombe, Alberta, Canada Objectives: Fusarium head blight, caused by Fusarium graminearum, could potentially become a ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Carbon Sequestration: Addressing Climate Change and Food Security through Sustainable Agriculture

    Introduction To meet the demands of a growing, increasingly urban global population (approximately 9 billion by 2050), the World Bank calculates that global food production must increase by 70% in the next 35 years. This is a great challenge not only because of the volume of food that must be produced, but because agricultural conditions will not remain constant or predicable ...


    By Climate Institute

  • What is Hydroseeding?

    Hydroseeding is a method that can be used for planting grass for purposes of erosion control, or to grow new lawns entirely; it has been around since the 1950s. It is also an efficient, inexpensive alternative to laying sod in an area where grass or a lawn is desired. Hydroseeding can also be referred to as hydraulic mulch seeding, hydromulching, or hydroseeding. How does it work? ...


    By TurfMaker Corporation

  • Compost Science & Utilization Current research June 2007

    CROP RESPONSE Growth and transpiration of tomato seedlings grown in hazelnut husk compost under water stress Investigator: Damla Bender Ozenc, Ordu University, Department of Soil Science, Ordu, Turkey Objectives: To determine effects of composted hazelnut husk (CHH) on tomato seedlings grown under water stress conditions. Seven media were prepared using CHH mixed, in different ratios, with native ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Organic coffee production, shade coffee, quality coffee

    Organic coffee can be considered to be passive or active. Passive organic coffee production systems are systems that do not apply any form of chemical input. Active organic coffee production systems also do not apply chemical inputs but in addition they comply with a range of other criteria needed for organic certification. Organic certification is a necessary step if the coffee is to be exported ...

  • Using Compost To Control Plant Diseases

    Losses due to soilborne diseases on some greenhouse, nursery and vegetable crops can amount to thousands of dollars per acre annually. Until the 1930s, organic amendments — consisting of animal and green manures, coupled with crop rotation — were principal methods of control. But these approaches were largely abandoned for reasons of cost and inconvenience after commercial fertilizers and the ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

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