crop development News

  • Impacts of tillage on soil and crops

    The increasing popularity of reduced tillage on crops has not only been an important development in combating soil erosion, but it has also been associated with increasing organic material and producing high crop yields. For peanut crops, however, reduced tillage has not gained a large acceptance as a viable practice, as findings of inconsistent yields have not encouraged farmers to make a switch ...


    By American Society of Agronomy

  • Saltwater solution to save crops

    Technology under development at the University of New South Wales could offer new hope to farmers in drought-affected and marginal areas by enabling crops to grow using salty groundwater. Associate Professor Greg Leslie, a chemical engineer at UNSW's UNESCO Centre for Membrane Science and Technology, is working with the University of Sydney on technology which uses reverse-osmosis membranes to ...

  • Motorizing Sudanese crop irrigation

    The parched landscape of Sudan, on the southern edge of the Sahara desert, is among the world's driest regions, with a nine-month dry season and a highly unreliable rainy season. Large-scale farmers there manage to grow about half of the impoverished nation's food production with the help of motorized irrigation pumps, but for individual subsistence farmers and their families--about two-thirds of ...

  • Chipper and baler for energy crops

    Biothek, a company devoted to biomass research and production from Arundo k-12, and the chipping machine manufacturer Serrat from Aragon in Spain, have presented a chipping head that can be coupled to a baler for energy crops The chipping head replaces the traditional system for feeding balers or pick-up by attaining more compact, denser bales. In the first demonstration carried out on Arundo ...

  • Crop water use efficiency

    Crop water use efficiency (WUE), or yield per unit of water used, can be improved through irrigation management and methods, including deficit irrigation (irrigating less than is required for maximum yields) and supplemental irrigation (irrigating to supplement precipitation so as to avoid crop failure or severe yield decline). Thus, WUE is key for agricultural production with limited water ...

  • Energy crops and their environmental implications

    Interest in producing cellulosic ethanol from renewable energy sources is growing. Potential energy crops include row crops such as corn, perennial warm-season grasses, and short-rotation woody crops. However, impacts of growing dedicated energy crops as biofuel on soil and environment have not been well documented. This review article looks at the impacts of growing warm-season grasses and ...

  • Biodiesel Crop Market Update

    We profoundly declare that we are expected to receive the first signs of next harvest of our various High value Nonfood Oil Crop seeds as temperatures start to warm-up. However, crops are well behind the normal for this time of year –Hopefully the warmer weather will encourage plant growth but as times progress, yield potential, on what crop is growing, will come under increased scrutiny. ...


    By Advanced Biofuel Center

  • First quinoa crop harvested

    Wageningen UR researchers have developed three quinoa varieties suitable for cultivation in Europe. These new varieties were planted alongside each other on three Wageningen UR test fields last April. The earliest-ripening variety was harvested yesterday in Lelystad; the remaining two crops will be harvested from the other test fields in late August. The initial yields look quite promising. ...

  • Cereal Crops Feeling the Heat

    LIVERMORE, California (ENS) - Warming temperatures since 1981 have caused annual losses of about US$5 billion for six major cereal crops, new research has found. This is the first study to estimate how much global food production already has been affected by climate change. From 1981 to 2002, fields of wheat, corn and barley throughout the world have produced a combined 40 million ...

  • Growing crops in the city

    A case study published in the 2010 Journal of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Education by professors at Washington State University studies the challenges one organization faced in maintaining an urban market garden. The journal is published by the American Society of Agronomy. Since 1995, Seattle Youth Garden Works (SYGW) has employed young homeless individuals or those involved in the ...

  • The future of cover crops

    Winter cover crops are an important component of nutrient cycling, soil cover and organic matter content. Although its benefits are well documented, cover crop use in farming systems is relatively low. Research has shown that time and money are the two primary reasons why farmers are hesitant to adopt the technique. Developing innovative and cost-effective crop cover systems could increase the ...

  • Cultivating crops on city rooftops

    To meet the challenges of producing food in a more environmentally-friendly way, the European Environment Agency (EEA) has called on cities to develop 'living walls' of edible plants. Through vertical farming, agriculture could become a feature of urban life, lowering energy consumption, carbon emissions and resource use in food production. By shortening the distance produce has to travel from ...


    By GLOBE Foundation

  • Farmers in 11 developing countries win UN-backed grants for conserving crops

    Nicaraguan farmers preserving ancient varieties of potatoes, and Kenyan women revitalizing differing types of millet are among projects in 11 developing countries to win supporting grants for their work, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) announced today. A total of more than $500,000 will go to farming projects in Egypt, Kenya, Costa Rica, India, Peru, Senegal, Uruguay, ...


    By United Nations

  • Crop Protection 2014 Update available through Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development

    One of the most widely requested publications available through Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development is the Crop Protection book, also known as the “Blue Book.” This publication is updated annually and provides the most recent information on registered pesticide products. Updates for the pesticide products included in the ...

  • Overcoming obstacles to GM crop adoption

    This policy brief, published by the UK's Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST), examines the potential benefits and challenges of using genetically modified (GM) crops for agricultural development in the developing world, and highlights ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Patents fail to boost crop yields

    Policies that secure intellectual property rights (IPRs) for agricultural innovations often fail to encourage technology transfer to developing countries or increase crop yields, a study shows. “Intellectual property rights are ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • CSIRO and Bayer to focus on sustainable crops

    This collaboration will develop and apply models to assess the system-wide consequences of new-generation cereal crops in the face of global environmental and food security challenges. The project will assess the full environmental impact of the crops, including their influence on the carbon footprint of cereal production. This program will build on a long-term cereal research agreement between ...

  • Reality check for `miracle` biofuel crop

    The hardy jatropha tree as a biofuel source may not be the panacea for smallholders that some have claimed, say Miyuki Iiyama and James Onchieku. It sounds too good to be true: a biofuel crop that grows on semi-arid lands and degraded soils, replaces fossil fuels in developing countries and brings huge injections of cash to poor smallholders. That is what some are claiming for Jatropha curcas, ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Biodiesel Crop of the Week: Pongamia Pinnata

    Pongamia is an ancient tree that is native to India. It is frost tolerant, but not freeze-proof. It is also happens to be a legume, which is at the heart of what makes the business model so interesting. The tree yields a generous annual nut crop that is harvested with conventional shakers, such as those used by almond and other nut growers. That seed has approximately a 40 percent oil content ...


    By Advanced Biofuel Center

  • New crop sprayer is kinder on the environment

    An EU project has developed a new crop spray system for orchards that is precise, efficient and safer for the environment. It sprays pesticides according to the needs of the crop and local environment, and can reduce spray drift by up to 80 per cent. Preliminary field tests conducted in Poland have demonstrated its effectiveness. The EU has adopted a framework directive on the sustainable use of ...

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