rumination Articles

  • Probiotics: a second mother for young ruminants?

    Lallemand presents new ruminant study at the 5thBeneficial Microbes Conference in Amsterdam Lallemand Animal Nutrition participated in the 5th Beneficial Microbes Conference in Amsterdam, Netherlands, on Oct. 10-12, 2016. This unique event gathers international scientists focusing their research on beneficial microbes supporting the health and well-being of both ...


    By Lallemand Animal Nutrition

  • Probiotics: a second mother for young ruminants?

    Lallemand presents new ruminant study at the 5thBeneficial Microbes Conference in Amsterdam Lallemand Animal Nutrition participated in the 5th Beneficial Microbes Conference in Amsterdam, Netherlands, on Oct. 10-12, 2016. This unique event gathers international scientists focusing their research on beneficial microbes supporting the health and well-being of both humans and ...


    By Lallemand Animal Nutrition

  • Ruminal metabolism and transport of tall fescue ergot alkaloids

    Circumstantial evidence suggests ergovaline is the putative toxin causing fescue toxicosis. However, several investigators suggest lysergic acid may be involved as well. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to (i) determine the metabolic fate of ergot alkaloids in ruminants, (ii) investigate gastric transport, and (iii) validate these findings in vivo. Ruminal metabolism of the alkaloids was ...

  • Bloat reduction potential of an Alfalfa cultivar selected for low initial Ruminal disappearance

    Foamy bloat causes large economic losses in beef and dairy grazing systems based on alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.). Dry matter (DM) disappearance at initial stages of rumen fermentation is associated with bloat. The National Institute for Agricultural Technology, Argentina, developed a cultivar of alfalfa (Carmina) with low initial ruminal DM disappearance (LIRD). To study the bloat reduction ...

  • Bovine spongiform encephalopathy and variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease risk management in the Netherlands

    Imports of animal feeds containing contaminated meat and bone meal (MBM) from the UK and other countries in the late 1980s and early 1990s was identified as the major risk factor for an increased risk of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) entering into the Netherlands. The first BSE case was confirmed in March 1997. Early preventive measures, such as the 1989 domestic ban on ruminant MBM for ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Prevalence of virulence factors in Escherichia coli isolated from healthy animals and water sources in Brazil

    The aim of this work was to verify the presence of seven virulence factors (ST, LT, eae, stx1, stx2, INV and EAEC) among Escherichia coli strains isolated from healthy humans, bovines, chickens, sheep, pigs and goats, from two sewage treatment plants and from the Tietê River. We have found a high prevalence of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Intake and digestibility of improved selections of tall fescue and orchardgrass hays

    Improved cool-season grass cultivars may add production potential to ruminant enterprises across the North–South transition zone. Quality among hays of ‘MaxQ’ (‘Jesup’ with novel endophyte), HM4 (‘HiMag’ with novel endophyte No. 4) and ‘Cajun’ (without endophyte) tall fescues [Lolium arundinaceum (Schreb.) Darbysh.] and ‘Persist’ orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) was evaluated. Forage was ...

  • Comparative microbial source tracking methods for identification of fecal contamination sources at Sunnyside Beach in the Toronto region area of concern

    Several beaches within the Toronto region area of concern have persistent issues with fecal contamination, causing a beach beneficial use impairment (BUI). In this study, Escherichia coli, including ampicillin-resistant strains, were enumerated via culturable and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) methods. Microbial source tracking (MST) markers (for general ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Accumulation of soluble carbohydrates during seed development and maturation of low-raffinose, low-stachyose soybean

    Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] seeds accumulate sucrose, raffinose family oligosaccharides (RFO), phytin, and small amounts of galactopinitols and fagopyritols during normal seed maturation. RFO and phytin are indigestible by non-ruminant animals and contribute to decreased feed efficiency, reduced mineral adsorption, and phosphorous pollution in manure. Low raffinose, stachyose, and phytin ...

  • The nutritional assessment of GMOs before commercialisation, how to approach a comprehensive assessment

    Using the in vitro gas production technique - which evaluate nutritive value of ruminants feeds - the fermentation kinetics of genetically modified (GM) corn and the gas production of GM soybean were respectively faster and lower compared to their respective conventional counterpart, although the chemical composition were not affect by the genetic modification. Concerning the fate of vegetable ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • FLAX SEED LEAFLET

    Flaxseed (Linum usitatissiumum) also known as linseed, is thought to be one of the world’s oldest cultivated crops with evidence of cultivation dating back thousands of years. The crop is prized for its fibre and oil. The fibre, obtained from the stocks of the plant, is used to make fine linen and paper. The oil is used primarily for industrial purposes. The oil is probably best ...


    By Advanced Biofuel Center

  • Intake and digestibility of ‘Coastal’ bermudagrass hay from treated swine waste using subsurface drip irrigation

    Waste handling systems for confined swine production in the upper South (approximately 32–37° N and 79–93° W) depend mainly on anaerobic lagoons and application of the waste effluent to cropland. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the quality of ‘Coastal’ bermudagrass [Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.] hay receiving effluent generated from a raw swine waste treatment system designed to ...

  • Research highlights cattle emissions reduction opportunity

    Researchers in Denmark have measured the quantities of greenhouse gases in the breath of dairy cows and demonstrated a heritable variability between individual animals. “This means that we have an opportunity to select for breeding those individuals which will produce offspring that generate less methane,” says Dr Jan Lassen who led the research project on individual methane ...


    By Gasmet Technologies Oy

  • Occurrence of condensed Tannins in Wheat and feasibility for reducing pasture bloat

    Bloat can be a serious problem for ruminant livestock grazing pastures of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in the southern Great Plains. Tannins in forage can reduce the incidence and severity of bloat. We measured the content and variability of total phenolics and condensed tannins (CT) in forage extracts from wheat varieties and experimental lines (ExpLines) to assess the feasibility of ...

  • 5 C’s Of Calf Care

    Every producer has individual opportunities and challenges due to their housing environment and management strategy. The key to maximizing growth, health, and long-term profitability is establishing a sound system of care for your pre-ruminant livestock. No matter the system you choose, ensuring these 5 keys to management are acknowledged and defined for you and your team will enhance the ...


    By Grober Nutrition USA

  • MonoScan for stock management of animal feed case study

    MonoScan provides a reliable and accurate continuous level indication of animal feed. MonoScan is deployed in a very large regional large feed mill. This feed mill supplies feed for poultry, turkeys, ruminants, fish, rabbits, and pigeons. The plant has a modern premix department that produces vitamin and trace mineral premixes for customers by demand. The problems In ...

  • Maximize Growth Potential & Production

    Every farm environment has unique opportunities and challenges. Your young animals’ performance is determined by your ability to recognize their specific needs and to make the necessary adjustments to your feeding program based on their genetic potential, housing environment, and environmental conditions. The greater the producers’ ability to recognize the challenges of the ...


    By Grober Nutrition USA

  • Understanding the Fat in your Milk Replacer

    Fat digestion in the young calf Commercial milk replacers are often compared and evaluated based on the percentage of protein and fat on the label.  Discussion rarely delves into what makes up the components of fat and its effects on digestion, absorption or growth.  Fats are comprised of short chain, medium chain and long chain fatty acids.  The length of the chain is ...


    By Grober Nutrition USA

  • The Ins and Outs of Cattle Nutrition

    They say, “You are what you eat.” What goes in and out of our bodies is obviously important for our general health and maintenance. Well, the same holds true for our cattle as well, but with one main difference: Where we only have one stomach to worry about, they have four! Cattle are animals technically classified as ruminants, a distinction that includes sheep, ...


    By Lakeland Group

  • Chicago Council lists three-decade changes in greenhouse gases and average temperature

    In 2011, we wrote a column, “Global warming is happening: How should farmers respond?” (http://agpolicy.org/weekcol/549.html). In that column we began by saying, “There was a time when one could legitimately argue that there was a lack of scientific agreement over the issue of the role of humans in global warming and even whether we were in a ...


    By National Farmers Union

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