herbicide Articles

  • Why are certain herbicides banned?

    Herbicides, also known as weedkillers, are chemical substances used to control and kill unwanted plants (weeds), leaving the desired plants unharmed. While these products are very useful for farmers, they are not always safe. In fact, many herbicides that were in common use around the world a few years ago are slowly being banned. In this blog post, we will look at a few herbicides that are used ...


    By NW Solutions

  • Maximising herbicide efficiency - Case Study

    The most important component in achieving an effective and efficient spray solution will always be the water source, so in hard water areas, using a good quality water conditioner is essential to prevent chemical breakdown and maximise herbicide performance. Around the country water can range from soft to hard and its pH can also vary depending on location. From Yorkshire down ...


    By Ilex EnviroSciences Limited

  • Development of a Bioaccumulation Model For Herbicides in Ulva and Clams

    Coastal lagoons are shallow water ecosystems characterised by high biodiversity and primary and secondary production, and with an elevated number of different habitats. These habitats have a key role as nursery and rest areas for a great number of marine species and birds. During the last decades these ecosystems have been exposed tomany anthropogenic pressures (urban, domestic, agricultural ...


  • Herbicides Confidential Client, Ontario, Canada (Metolachlor)

    Ontario, Canada Project Treatment of Soil Impacted by Chlorinated Pesticides Summary This project was the second of three pilot scale projects within a research and development program designed to validate certain DARAMEND® applications on chlorinated pesticide impacted soil. The Challenge Treatment of 250 tons of soil ...


  • Photo-assisted electrochemical degradation of the commercial herbicide atrazine

    This paper presents a degradation study of the pesticide atrazine using photo-assisted electrochemical methods at a dimensionally stable anode (DSA®) of nominal composition Ti/Ru0.3Ti0.7O2 in a prototype reactor. The effects of current density, electrolyte flow-rate, as well as the use of different atrazine concentrations are reported. The results indicate that the energy consumption is ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effects of the herbicide imazapyr on juvenile Oregon spotted frogs

    Conflict between native amphibians and aquatic weed management in the Pacific Northwest is rarely recognized because most native stillwater‐breeding amphibian species move upland during summer, when herbicide application to control weeds in aquatic habitats typically occurs. However, aquatic weed management may pose a risk for aquatic species present in wetlands through the summer, such as the ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Leaching of three sulfonylurea herbicides during sprinkler irrigation

    Sulfonylurea herbicides are widely applied on the Canadian prairies to control weeds in a variety of crops. Several sulfonylurea herbicides are mobile in soil, and there is concern about their possible movement to ground water. This study was performed to assess the susceptibility of three sulfonylurea herbicides commonly used in prairie crop production to leach under a worst-case scenario. ...

  • Quantifying vapor drift of dicamba herbicides applied to soybean

    Recent advances in biotechnology have produced cultivars of corn, soybean, and cotton resistant to the synthetic‐auxin herbicide dicamba. This technology will allow dicamba herbicides to be applied in new crops, at new periods in the growing season, and over greatly expanded areas, including postemergence applications in soybean. From past and current use in corn and small grains, dicamba vapor ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • One Year Later · Persistent Herbicides in Compost

    ONE YEAR has passed since the Washington State University (WSU) composting facility and the Spokane Regional Compost Facility discovered traces of persistent herbicides in their composts. In Spokane, the source of contamination is a compound called clopyralid. Compost contamination at WSU initially involved the herbicide picloram, but clopyralid has since been detected in the compost also. In ...


  • Analysis of the Herbicide Triazines Using Ascentis™ C18

    This application demonstrates the suitability of the Ascentis C18 for the analysis of the herbicide triazines simazine, cyanazine, and atrazine.  An Ascentis C18, 15 cm x 4.6 mm I.D., 5 μm particles was used under isocratic mobile phase conditoins (70:30 water:acetonitrile) for the separation.  All samples where diluted to 50 μg/mL, in 70:30 water:acetonitrile mobile phase, and 10 ...


    By MilliporeSigma

  • Adsorption and degradation of phenoxyalkanoic acid herbicides in soils: A review

    The primary aim of this review on the phenoxyalkanoic acid herbicides (2,4‐D, MCPA, dichlorprop‐P, mecoprop‐P, 2,4‐DB and MCPB) was to compare the extent of their adsorption in soils and degradation rates to assess their potential for groundwater contamination. We found that adsorption decreased in the sequence 2,4‐DB > 2,4‐D > MCPA > dichlorprop‐P > mecoprop‐P. Herbicides are predominantly ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Trend of herbicide loads in the river Rhine and its tributaries

    Many policies have been established and actions have been taken to reduce pesticide pollution of surface waters. However, the effectiveness of these initiatives was rarely tested on an empirical basis. This study suggests that evidence on the policy effects can be evaluated by analyzing the temporal changes in the loads rather than the concentrations of active ingredients in rivers. It is shown ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Tissue-specific expression of rice CYP72A21 induced by auxins and herbicides

    Cytochrome monooxygenase P450s (CYPs) comprise one of the largest enzyme families in plants. Some P450s are involved in xenobiotic metabolism: they confer herbicide tolerance and are induced by chemical treatments. We isolated a novel P450 cDNA, CYP72A21 (accession number, AB237166), from rice (Oryza sativa L. cv. Nipponbare) seedlings treated with a mixture of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid ...


    By Springer

  • Effects of herbicide‐treated host plants on the development of Mamestra brassicae L. caterpillars

    Herbicides are widely used pesticides that affect plants by changing their chemistry. In doing so, herbicides might also influence the quality of plants as food for herbivores. To study the effects of herbicides on host plant quality, we treated 3 plant species (Plantago lanceolata L., P. major L., and Ranunculus acris L.) with sublethal rates of either a sulfonylurea (Atlantis WG, Bayer ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Variation in amphibian response to two formulations of glyphosate‐based herbicides

    Variation in toxicity among formulations and species makes it difficult to extrapolate results to all species and all formulations of herbicides. We exposed larval wood frogs (Lithobates sylvaticus) from four populations to two glyphosate‐based herbicides, Roundup Weed and Grass Control™ and Roundup WeatherMax™. 96 hour LC50 values for both formulations varied among the populations (RWGC: 0.14 ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Efficacy of herbicide seed treatments for controlling striga infestation of sorghum

    Witchweed (Striga spp.) infestations are the greatest obstacle to sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] grain production in many areas in Africa. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of herbicide seed treatments for controlling Striga infestation of sorghum. Seeds of an acetolactate synthase (ALS) herbicide–tolerant sorghum hybrid were treated with two ALS-inhibiting ...

  • Effects of repeated pulsed herbicide exposures on the growth of aquatic macrophytes

    Many contaminants are released into aquatic systems intermittently in a series of pulses. Pulse timing and magnitude can vary according to usage, compound‐specific physicochemical properties, and use area characteristics. Standard laboratory ecotoxicity tests typically employ continuous exposure concentrations over defined durations and thus may not accurately and realistically reflect the ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Effects of the herbicide dicamba on non‐target plants and pollinator visitation

    Nearly 80% of all pesticides applied to row crops are herbicides, and these applications pose potentially significant ecotoxicological risks to non‐target plants and associated pollinators. In response to the widespread occurrence of weed species resistant to glyphosate, biotechnology companies have developed crops resistant to the synthetic‐auxin herbicides dicamba or 2,4‐D, and once ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • The herbicide atrazine induces hyperactivity and compromises tadpole detection of predator chemical cues

    The ability to detect chemical cues is often critical for freshwater organisms to avoid predation and find food and mates. In particular, reduced activity and avoidance of chemical cues signaling predation risk are generally adaptive behaviors that reduce prey encounter rates with predators. Here, we examined the effects of the common herbicide atrazine on the ability of Cuban tree frog ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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