windrow Articles

  • Windrow Turner Equipment Review

    Untitled Document IN TODAY'S modern composting world, there is “windrow composting,” ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • The relevance of moisture control in organic municipal Solid waste windrow composting process

    The valorisation of the Municipal Solid Waste composting fraction assumes importance in management strategies of the MSW and constitutes a way of producing an organic material such as humus to improve the soil aeration, the water holding capacity and valuable product when used as soil amendment because it is a source of nutrients (N, P, K) and useful for recovery of poor and degraded soils. It is ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Windrow co-composting of shredded office paper and Broiler Litter

    The co-composting of shredded waste office paper with Broiler Litter (BL) in windrows was analysed in this study. Two compost mixes were monitored for five weeks; Mix 1 comprised 322kg BL, 117 kg shredded paper and 310L water and Mix 2 consisted of 112 kg BL, 265 kg shredded paper and 290 L water. The initial wet moisture content, initial porosity and initial wet bulk density for Mix 1 were ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Chemical and physical properties of rice straw waste and hospital sewage sludge in turned windrow aeration system

    In this paper, we present the main goal of optimum quality ratio of co-composting with rice straw waste and hospital sewage sludge. The experiments were designed by varying the initial C/N ratio and moisture content in the range of 25-45 and 30-70% w/w., respectively. The results clearly showed that the losses of Kjeldahl-N increased when the amounts of sludge in the mixtures were increased. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Open-air windrows for winter disposal of frozen cattle mortalities: effects of ambient temperature and mortality layering

    After imposition of fees for disposal of cattle carcasses by the rendering industry, on-farm methods of mortality disposal are being investigated. Three open-air mortality compost windrows were constructed in January (JAN) and February (FEB) of 2004 in the cold, semiarid climate of southern Alberta, Canada. Windrow A included a base of barley straw a minimum of 46 cm thick, a layer of cattle ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Leaf composting in cold climates: a theoretical and an experimental evaluation

    There are many factors influencing the process of composting organic waste. This paper provides an experimental and theoretical evaluation of the leaf composting process to elucidate the importance of these various factors during composting of leaves. The analysis is performed specifically for the environmental conditions encountered in cold climates. Theoretical models are developed to evaluate ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Environmental Risk Assessment of compost prepared from salvinia, egeria densa, and alligator weed

    Approximately 70,000 m3 of salvinia (Salvinia molesta) was removed from the Hawkesbury-Nepean River, New South Wales (NSW), Australia, during 2004. This study assessed the risks associated with applying compost prepared from aquatic weeds (AWC) to land, namely, survival and spread of aquatic and terrestrial weeds, eutrophication of waterways, accumulation of heavy metals and phytotoxicity. The ...

  • Calculating capacity at composting sites

    The addition of new composting facilities or expansion of capacity at existing ones is becoming more and more difficult as feasible sites are taken out of circulation. This has created interest in maximizing the unit production of compost at composting sites so that they perform as efficiently as possible. The need is especially acute if physical expansion is not possible, but increases in ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • WASATCH Composting Facility

    Wasatch Integrated Waste Management District utilizes the Aerated Static Pile (ASP) Composting System designed by Managed Organic Recycling, Inc.  The system was installed to reduce odors that occured during the previously used open windrow composting method.  Phase one is currently under construction with completion estimated by Summer of 2013 and Phase two will commence with the ...

  • Composting

    Introduction Composting is a controlled biological process by which organic contaminants (e.g., PAHs) are converted by microorganisms (under aerobic and anaerobic conditions) to innocuous, stabilized byproducts. Typically, thermophilic conditions (54 to 65 °C) must be maintained to properly compost soil contaminated with hazardous organic contaminants. The increased temperatures result from heat ...

  • Minimizing Festival Trash

    The Whole Earth Festival at the University of California-Davis is a student-organized event that takes place annually in early May. The weekend attendance is approximately 30,000 people, with 16 food vendors and 100-plus craft booths. One major emphasis of the festival is environmental sustainability. To minimize waste generation, an integrated solid waste prevention strategy was conceptualized ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Historical perspective: Screens & air classifiers

    SCREENING equipment for the composting industry has become widely available, with a variety of options — including trommels, star screens, air classifiers and disc screens — to fit specific applications. But early on, in the 1960s and 1970s, screens were often homemade or adapted from other industries. Charles Melhoff, founder of Wildcat Manufacturing Co., says that although they began making ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Organic Fertilizer Production Process

    Organic fertilizer Production Process   Mixing original and auxiliary materials   Mixing livestock manure,biogas residue or crop stalks and ...


    By Allance Fertilizer Machinery

  • Edmonton is a world-class composting city

    State-of-the-art compost facility draws visitors from around the world A Canadian composting facility has become a hub for industry experts from around the world. Visitors from virtually every continent have visited the Edmonton Composting Facility to learn how this state-of-the art facility is combining sewage sludge (biosolids) with residential solid waste, to create a high-quality ...


    By Vermeer

  • Latest Developments in Mid-to-Large-Scale Vermicomposting

    Latest Developments in Mid-to-Large-Scale Vermicomposting This overview of systems and operational projects describes factors which contribute to their success as well as the challenges that have forced sites to close. Many different approaches are being used to process large volumes of organic residuals with earthworms, ranging from relatively simple land and labor-intensive ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Rake In Greater Capacity And Higher Hay Quality

    It’s been said that the steel-toothed dump rake was first introduced in the 1860s. Of course, the process back then was to rake hay into piles, which were then pitched onto a wagon for transport to a haystack or the barn loft. To make windrows for the balers that came later, the operator simply spaced the “dumps” equally so they lined up in the field. The irony is that until ...


    By Vermeer

  • Composting Site Remediation Success

    Dorchester County, Maryland agreed to a remediation plan that involved composting the 140,000 tons of unprocessed feedstocks stored on site. An aggressive strategy has ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Case study - Rose Hill Compost Facility

    Facility Owner: Mark Bennion, Rose Hill Recycling 079 77409435 CCUK Contact: Steve Bullock, CCUK, 078 72119638 Location: Dymock, Gloucestershire Site Area: 2 acres Feed stock: Source separated household organics (landscape, food, paper, wood) Capacity: 25,000 tpa Commissioned: June 2008 Facility History The facility has been procecessing up to ...

  • Disposal Company Expands Composting Operations

    Since 1997, Texas Disposal Systems, Inc. (TDS) - an independently owned solid waste company located near Austin, Texas - has operated a composting division, Texas Organic Products (TOP). In our previous BioCycle report ( -Composting Is Alive and Well In Central Texas, - October, 1997), we described how TOP evolved after starting an initial grinding and static pile composting operation at our ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Classification of Compost Turners

    Compost turner can be divided into 3 kinds. I would like to introduce them to you one by one. 1. Self-propelled Compost Turner Our self-propelled organic fertilizer turner is with 4 wheels. The whole body of the compost ...


    By Allance Fertilizer Machinery

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