web-based irrigation Articles

  • Knowledge of Farm Practices – The Key for Successful Farming

    Agriculture plays an important part in the world economy. One-third of the economically active population obtains its livelihood from agriculture. In Asia and Africa, millions of small-scale farmers, fishermen, and indigenous people produce most of the food consumed worldwide, in most cases on very small plots of land. Agriculture is increasingly called upon to address a wide range of critical ...


    By Agrivi Ltd

  • Keyhole Gardens; Positive Impact on Food Security

    World hunger is a constant problem. It has been one of the most widely discussed topics in recent years. Rapidly increasing global population, limited natural resources, and climatic changes, has resulted in the need for a sustainable increase in food production. Scientists, governments, and organizations across the world are working together to bring innovations and good farming practices which ...


    By Agrivi Ltd

  • Effect of deficit irrigation and fertilization on cucumber

    Soil water budgets are essential in determining the proper timing and amount of irrigation. Organic fertilizers can be substituted for commercial fertilizers; however, information is sparse on the interaction of irrigation management and nutrient source on cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) production. This study evaluated nutrient source and irrigation management on growth and yield of cucumber grown ...

  • Study on the joint probability distribution of irrigation water volume and irrigation water efficiency

    Using the copula method, the joint probability distribution of irrigation water volume and efficiency is constructed, and their joint return period is also described to reveal the encounter probability of irrigation water volume and efficiency. Furthermore, the conditional probability of irrigation water efficiency with different water volumes is built to show the quantitative effects of flow on ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Measuring drought based on a CGE model with multi-regional irrigation water

    There have been many droughts in China that have caused severe losses. Previous studies evaluating droughts were from meteorological and hydrological perspectives. We measure the Chinese drought of 2000 based on a static computable general equilibrium model of China's macroeconomy, which describes the relationships between drought, agricultural production, and rural households' welfare from an ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Method for irrigation scheduling based on soil moisture data acquisition

    The water requirements of crops are dependent on evapotranspiration (ET), soil chemistry, and the crop’s maximum allowable depletion (MAD). Direct measurements of root zone soil moisture, water application along with published ET values and soil textures, can be used in a soil water balance model that can significantly optimize irrigation efficiency. Over the past five years, advancements in ...

  • Special features of drip-sprinkler irrigation technology

    Irrigation techniques and technology based on principle of regular accumulation of moisture in active layer (surface irrigation, regular sprinkler irrigation) are most common in science and in practice. More progressive is principle of non-stop water supply of plants and soil in conformity to their water consumption. Drip irrigation and impulse sprinkling are based on this principle. The main ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A policy option for valuing irrigation water in the dry areas

    Participants at the international conference on policies for water and food security in the dry areas, held in June 2013, agreed that, given the fast pace of depletion of groundwater, the issue of water valuation in the dry areas is no longer one of whether or not, but rather of how. Policies that have been or are perceived to have adverse effects on the cost of agricultural production or food ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Irrigation water demand and implications for groundwater pricing in Pakistan

    This study employs the positive mathematical programming (PMP) approach to estimate groundwater derived demand for irrigation using a cross-sectional dataset of 200 predominantly groundwater irrigated farms from the Punjab province of Pakistan. First, we find that the PMP optimal solution uses less water than what is available (being extracted) in order to make farmers allocate all the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessment of different irrigation systems in Albaji Plain

    The objective of this research was to compare different irrigation methods based on a parametric evaluation system in an area of 16,350 ha in the Albaji Plain of the Khuzestan Province, in the southwest of Iran. The soil properties of the study area such as texture, depth, electrical conductivity, drainage, calcium carbonate content and slope were derived from a semi-detailed soil study carried ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Singer's algorithm controls farm irrigation case study

    Their Challenge On the San Xavier Reservation near Tucson, Arizona, the Tohono O’odom Nation grows organic alfalfa for racing horses plus fruits and vegetables. Thanks to Singer Valve, San Xavier is home to a sophisticated flood irrigation system that consists of one 16” (400 mm) globe style and eight 16” angle style valves and five storage tanks each with its own ...


    By Singer Valve Inc.

  • LG Sound, controlling algae in irrigation reservoirs

    Algae growth in irrigation water can cause a serious problem. Algae in irrigation tanks can clog the entire irrigation system, such as the pumps, filters, drip-installation and sprinkler nozzles. Besides that the algae and their by-products can also be spread over the irrigated area. In addition, some types of fungi, also present in these waters, can be harmful for the plants grown. Typical ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Stochastic order-based optimal design of a surface reservoir–irrigation district system

    This paper explores the effects of streamflow uncertainty and the type of stochastic order, which is used for comparing stochastic variables, on optimal design of a reservoir multi-crop irrigation district system. Four nonlinear mathematical programs with an economic objective function including deterministic, stochastic-EXP with expected value order, stochastic-SD with stochastic dominance (SD) ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Bunyala rice irrigation scheme (Kenya) - a case study of the munaka outgrowers community based organisation

    Background Kenya's irrigation potential stands at 539 OOOha of which only 105 OOOha (19%) has been| developed and annual growth a lowly 0.5% per annum. This situation justifies increased investment in irrigation development to ensure accelerated growth and sustainable development. Among the constraints cited as limiting irrigation development in Kenya are; low prioritization due to wrong ...

  • Normalized difference vegetation index and soil color-based management zones in irrigated maize

    Spectral vegetation indices such as the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) have been shown to be useful for indirectly obtaining crop information such as photosynthetic efficiency, productivity potential, and potential yield. The objectives of this study were (i) to examine the relationships among NDVI determined early in the growing season, soil color-based management zones (SCMZ), ...

  • Novel simulation-based algorithms for optimal open-loop and closed-loop scheduling of deficit irrigation systems

    The scarcity of water compared with the abundance of land constitutes the main drawback within agricultural production. Besides the improvement of irrigation techniques a task of primary importance is solving the problem of intra-seasonal irrigation scheduling under limited seasonal water supply. An efficient scheduling algorithm has to take into account the crops' response to water stress at ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Lindsay Irrigation advances Watertronics AG Pump Stations case Study

    When AJ Ochoa, a fourth generation Othello, Wash. farmer pushed one button to start his new Watertronics® agricultural pump station, he became one of the first irrigators in the world to reap the benefits of a fully integrated pump and center pivot water control package. Even more important to Ochoa, he began realizing immediate and substantial reductions in energy, water and labor costs. ...


    By Lindsay Corporation

  • Climate projection ensemble as support to water management and irrigation in Nigeria

    Hydrological modeling was used for projecting average annual water availability in Nigeria in the future, comparing a baseline (1976–2005) with a 30-year future (2036–2065) period, simulated under an ensemble of ten climate projections. Simulations converged in projecting by mid-century an increase in water flows for almost half of the country. Models agreed also in projecting ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The effects of surface water abstraction for rice irrigation on floodplain fish production in Bangladesh

    Abstraction of surface water for irrigation poses a serious threat to the sustainability of floodplain fisheries in Bangladesh. Previous fisheries research has accorded a central role to dry-season (Rabi) water maintenance in safeguarding the health of the fishery, but rice irrigation water abstraction dries up water bodies at a rapid rate. Having reviewed various aspects of this water ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Design of drip irrigation lateral for optimum capital and operating cost

    The drip irrigation system cost can be reduced effectively by using optimal design methods and decreasing the system pressure. In this paper, a two-stage optimum drip irrigation lateral design model is developed based on a new uniformity formula that includes hydraulic variation, emitter manufacture’s variation, and field roughness variation. The non-linear objective function minimizes the ...


    By IWA Publishing

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