milking area Articles

  • Got Milk? Got Wastewater Too! Treatment of Dairy Processing Wastewater

    ABSTRACTA major dairy processing operation owned and operated by the Michigan Milk Producers Association (MMPA) located in central lower Michigan was required to design and construct a process wastewater treatment plant within a 14 month period. The system is sized to treat up to 0.5 MGD of dairy processing wastewater at a biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) concentration up to 1,846 mg/L. Effluent ...

  • Residues of certain veterinary drugs in raw milk in Slovenia in the 2000?2002 period

    In order to ensure the hygienic suitability of foodstuffs of animal origin, and from the aspect of human health protection and improvement, we studied the contamination of raw milk with microbial inhibitors, chloramphenicol, sulphonamides and ivermectin in one part of Slovenia ? the central Stajerska region. Our own sampling in 2002 included industrial areas along with areas of intensive and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Toxic metals status in human blood and breast milk samples in an integrated steel plant environment in Central India

    Owing to its unique nutritional and immunological characteristics, human milk is the most important food source for infants. Breast milk can, however, also be a pathway of maternal excretion of toxic elements. Selected toxic elements (As, Pb, Mn,a Hg and Cd) were determined in human breast milk and blood samples obtained from 120 subjects related to an integrated steel plant environment located ...


    By Springer

  • Research note: Why a social impact study in Tanzania?

    Farmers in Korogwe in northeast Tanzania mostly have very limited smallholdings on which they grow maize, the staple food in this area, and have one or two cows with a few having up to eight cows. The farmers wanted to pool their resources to allow them to raise some revenue by selling their surplus milk. This research note outlines involvement with a scheme to assist the farmers, and confirms ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biotechnology in New Zealand: its origins, present state and future directions

    This introductory paper describes the growth of biotechnology within New Zealand: from its origins in the agricultural sector to its present state of development with the role of public sector entrepreneurship being essential to this growth. The paper also describes future government strategy for the sector, together with opportunities and constraints revealed by various studies. Details are ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Bull Calves Need Care Too

    By far, most bull calves will never become a lasting benefit to a dairy herd, and as such may not always receive the same level of care that heifer calves do. Harmonizing your calf rearing programs will yield positive results for all calves and your bottom line. All calves require excellent care, especially in the first few days of life. Without adequate, timely colostrum and proper ...


    By Grober Nutrition USA

  • Emerging microfinance issues in dairy development: a case study from Karnataka, India

    Dairy enterprise is an established sector in rural India and is playing a vital role in generating additional income and employment. In Karnataka, dairy development is a positive and significant as state contributes towards milk production, marketing, and processing of various dairy products in India. The microfinance programmes extended in dairy sector are helpful to take up dairy as main ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • 5 C’s Of Calf Care

    Every producer has individual opportunities and challenges due to their housing environment and management strategy. The key to maximizing growth, health, and long-term profitability is establishing a sound system of care for your pre-ruminant livestock. No matter the system you choose, ensuring these 5 keys to management are acknowledged and defined for you and your team will enhance the ...


    By Grober Nutrition USA

  • Dairy Digester Opens Doors On Maryland Farm

    Kilby Inc., a 600-cow dairy operation located in Colora, Maryland, has the only operational commercial anaerobic digestion (AD) system in the state. In 2009, Kilby Inc. (the dairy farm and milk production business) began construction of a covered lagoon digester, which started operating in March 2011. The digester input consists of flushed cow manure (98% by volume) and food waste (2%), including ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Dairy Products

    Problem: This dairy located in Northern California is a major supplier of consumer milk products. The plant had been discharging their wastewater to the local sanitation plant untreated. Due to industrial growth in the area, the sanitation plant could no longer accept the dairy effluent. The dairy, therefore, selected and installed a Sequential Batch Reactor (SBR) system to treat their ...


    By HydroCal Inc.

  • Adaptation of cool-season grain legume species across climatically-contrasting environments of Southern Europe

    Information on most-adapted species is required to increase the economic sustainability and the utilization of cool-season feed legumes in southern Europe. This study aimed to compare pea (Pisum sativum L.), faba bean (Vicia faba L.), narrow-leafed lupin (Lupinus angustifolius L.), and white lupin (L. albus L.) across Italian environments which contrasted for geoclimatic area (subcontinental or ...

  • Seasonality & optimal calf care

    Changing seasons, and challenging seasonal extremes (cold, heat and humidity), add extra challenges for a young calf and the caregivers management must be dynamic in order to provide optimal care. A reminder of calf needs should be outlined, especially with the primary calf worker(s). Topics of focus should involve: Optimal nutrition, the importance of access to clean water, clean and dry resting ...


    By Grober Nutrition USA

  • Growing demand for soybeans threatens Amazon rainforest

    Some 3,000 years ago, farmers in eastern China domesticated the soybean. In 1765, the first soybeans were planted in North America. Today the soybean occupies more U.S. cropland than wheat. And in Brazil, where it spread even more rapidly, the soybean is invading the Amazon rainforest. For close to two centuries after its introduction into the United States the soybean languished as a curiosity ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Building a Business with Nutrient Management

    Laurelbrook Farm is a third-generation dairy farm in East Cannan, Connecticut. The Jacquier family owns 275 acres, and rents an additional 2,500 acres for cropping, to support a herd of 830 cows. The family began composting three years ago as part of the farm’s nutrient management plan, as well as to determine the market for compost in the area. “In 2003 the Environmental Protection ...


    By Eggersmann GmbH

  • Grober Calf Coat

    Keep them warm and they will grow Did you know…when a calf is comfortable they will turn feed into gain more efficiently. In other words, a calf that isn’t comfortable will need more milk. Since keeping warm is energetically expensive it’s important to understand that a warm calf has more energy to grow! By using a Calf Coat they will use less energy for body ...


    By Grober Nutrition USA

  • A new and multi-functional variety of sugar cane adapted to Spanish conditions

    A drought-resistant variety with 30% more fibre Al Costa, head of the Alkol consultancy, champions the return of sugar-cane growing to Spain as it is a highly versatile raw material for bioenergy and ideal conditions for it exist in many regions of the country. A drought-resistant variety with more fibre More than 80% of the area planted in Spain is taken ...

  • Lowara booster sets used for dairy production

    The Italian producer relies on Xylem to make the world’s favourite cheese. It’s the most consumed – and imitated – cheese in the world, with 4 million wheels produced in more than 30 provinces of northern Italy every year. In the province of Cremona, Xylem Lowara pumps are critical to the production of this internationally renowned hard cheese. The dairy ...


    By LOWARA - a Xylem brand

  • Dairy saves CAPEX on major sustainability project

    Formatank Ltd, UK specialists in GRP tank lining solutions, has successfully refurbished two 20 year old steel storage tanks at First Milk’s Aspatria facility in rural Cumbria, one of the UK’s largest cheese creameries. These works are part of a major sustainability project to produce bio-methane and will be the first dairy processing site in Europe to feed into the gas grid. ...


    By Formatank Limited

  • Peak (Almost) Everything

    The concept of resource use peaking and then declining first gained ground in the 1950s when M. King Hubbert projected the arrival of peak oil use around 2000. That failed to materialize, but according to researchers from Germany and the U.S. writing in the journal  ...


    By Ensia

  • Cove Mt. Farm - stream crossing, Pennsylvania - Case Study

    Cove Mt. Farm, located in South Central, Pennsylvania had three stream crossings used to move livestock and farm equipment across Little Cove Creek. The 40-foot wide main crossing, located about 100 yards east of the milking center, received the most traffic. While the streambed was fairly firm at this site, an improved crossing with level footing would provide a safer crossing for the animals ...


    By Presto Geosystems

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