farmer risk Articles

  • Flood risk for farmer and dyke relocation

    The Biosphere Reserve Lower Saxonian Elbe Valley (Biosphärenreservat Niedersächsische Elbtalaue), which was created on the basis of an unanimous decision by the Lower Saxonian State Parliament in 2002, represents Lower Saxony’s contribution to the UNESCO Biosphere Reserve ‘Flusslandschaft Elbe’ (Elbe River Landscape). It stretches for about 100 kilometres south-east of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Estimation of norovirus and Ascaris infection risks to urban farmers in developing countries using wastewater for crop irrigation

    A quantitative microbial risk analysis—Monte Carlo method was used to estimate norovirus and Ascaris infection risks to urban farmers in developing countries watering their crops with wastewater. For a tolerable additional disease burden of≤10−4 DALY loss per person per year (pppy), equivalent to 1 percent of the diarrhoeal disease burden in developing countries, a norovirus reduction of 1–2 log ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The poverty trap: a case study of Thai farmers

    This article theoretically proves that a poverty trap problem is a result of endogenous fertility behaviour. The theoretical results were supported by empirical evidence from Thai farmer census data and a socioeconomic survey. Thai farmers tend to have a larger family size and smaller household incomes than nonfarmer households. Thai farmers are not covered by the social security programme and, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Are Conventional Farmers Becoming Interested in Organic Practices?

    Despite the fact that farming is one of the most important human activities that brings food to our tables, it contributes significantly to global pollution. Unsustainable farm practices result in the loss of biodiversity, climate changes, erosion, and the pollution of soil and water. However, when managed in a sustainable way, farming can be a source of solutions for future demands. Organic ...


    By Agrivi Ltd

  • Zimbabwe`s New Farmers Fail to Deliver

    HARARE, Zimbabwe, (ENS) - Six years after President Robert Mugabe sanctioned violent invasions of Zimbabwe's commercial farmland - mostly but not entirely white owned - by landless peasants, the facts show that the so-called new farmers have failed dramatically to produce crops to feed their countrymen. The poor peasants who led the invasions, at the behest of Mugabe, have ...

  • Conflicting farmers' objectives and environmental policies: the case of a Mediterranean farm

    In dry land areas of the Mediterranean region, farmers' decisions are particularly difficult due to irregular rainfall. Yield risk, soil erosion and desertification are important problems. Decision-making behaviour of farmers is supposed to incorporate a particular concern in the adoption of strategies to decrease income variability, to conserve soil and to guarantee a comfortable level of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Paradigms and paradoxes of agricultural risk governance

    Essential requirements of council directives and legal provisions in medical feedstuffs are not satisfied in Germany. The 'Schweinemastskandal' (intensive pig breeding scandal) sheds light on the various stakeholders that exploit ambiguous EU regulatory control structures through the use of hazardous feeding stuff and prophylactic prohibited medication. This case helps the understanding of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • CRISPR is coming to agriculture — with big implications for food, farmers, consumers and nature

    Gene editing offers dramatic advances in speed, scope and scale of genetic improvement. It also offers an opportunity for more nuanced GMO governance. Very few technologies truly merit the epithet “game changer” — but a new genetic engineering tool known as CRISPR-Cas9 is one of them. Since we first developed the ability to alter the genetic material inside a plant or animal in ...


    By Ensia

  • New tools and farmer training could revolutionize pesticide management in West Africa

    Field schools that train farmers in alternative methods of pest control have succeeded in nearly eliminating the use of toxic pesticides by a community of cotton growers in Mali, according to a new FAO study published today by the London-based Royal Society. The study was conducted in two areas - the Bla ...

  • Assessment of public risk perception in North-western China

    Based on analysing the public risk perception in North-western China, following conclusions are obtained: there is strong correlation between individual characteristic and risk perception; female risk perception is stronger than male; from strong to weak, the order of age characteristics is 20?30, 0?20, 40?50, 30?40, 50?60 and over 60; the order of educational characteristics is senior high ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The farmers' perceptions of ANPS pollution and its influencing factors in Poyang Lake Region, China

    Individual farmers represent the main management entities of agricultural production under the family-contract responsibility system in China, and thus play crucial roles in the prevention and control of agricultural nonpoint source (ANPS) pollution. The analysis of the farmers' perceptions of ANPS pollution as well as the factors affecting their perceptions can provide valuable information ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Bt-cotton and production risk: panel data estimates

    The farm-level success of Bt-cotton in developing countries is well documented. However, the literature has only recently begun to recognise the importance of accounting for the effects of the technology on production risk, in addition to the mean effect estimated by previous studies. The risk effects of the technology are likely very important to smallholder farmers in the developing world due ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Seasonal slug pressure warning – crops at greater risk

    Crops face a greater risk of slug damage and if left untreated, this can become extremely expensive for farmers, and is estimated to cost the potato industry up to £53 million per year*, as any slug damage reduces saleability and ultimately profitability of a crop. Slugs are most damaging to potatoes during the early stages of tuber bulking, which is starting to happen now. So make sure you ...


    By Certis UK

  • The risks of spreading slurry after first silage cut

    Livestock farmers spreading slurry onto fields after first-cut grass silage face heightened risks of contamination after this year’s early start to the season, a silage specialist is warning, especially if following the current trend to more frequent silage cutting.The risks of spreading slurry after first silage cut According to Ecosyl silage expert, Darran Ward, spreading slurry after ...


    By Volac International Ltd.

  • Insecticide risk map exposes threat to aquatic life

    The global threat that insecticides pose for aquatic biodiversity has been revealed in a recent modelling study that pinpoints areas at greatest risk. The mapping exercise conducted by the researchers reveals that aquatic life in water bodies within 40 per cent of the global land surface is at risk from insecticides running off the ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Save and Grow: Pesticide Risk Reduction for Sustainable Intensification of Rice Production

    Outline Presentation Background: Agricultural Scenario (2010-2050) & Crop Intensification Risks =>indiscriminate use of agrochemicals in rice paddy systems Overview FAO Intervention: Integrated Approach for Pesticide Risk Reduction Farmer Ecosystem-Literacy Education: Farmers Field School Case Study: Philippines: Sustainable Intensification of ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Save and Grow: Pesticide Risk Reduction for Sustainable Intensification of Rice Production

    Outline Presentation Background: Agricultural Scenario (2010-2050) & Crop Intensification Risks =>indiscriminate use of agrochemicals in rice paddy systems Overview FAO Intervention: Integrated Approach for Pesticide Risk Reduction Farmer Ecosystem-Literacy Education: Farmers Field School ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Save and Grow: Pesticide Risk Reduction for Sustainable Intensification of Rice Production

    Outline Presentation Background: Agricultural Scenario (2010-2050) & Crop Intensification Risks =>indiscriminate use of agrochemicals in rice paddy systems Overview FAO Intervention: Integrated Approach for Pesticide Risk Reduction Farmer Ecosystem-Literacy Education: Farmers Field School Case Study: Philippines: Sustainable Intensification of ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Tillage and fertilizer effects on yield, profitability, and risk in a corn-wheat-potato-wheat rotation

    Reduced tillage results in lower production costs and thus may have economic advantages for farmers. However, yield penalties, specific yield risks, or higher nutrient requirements may counteract the positive effects of reduced tillage. This study investigates long-term tillage effects (moldboard plow, and deep and shallow chisel plow) and their interactions with N fertilizer input on yields and ...

  • Risk considerations in the economic assessment of low–input crop production techniques: an example from Swiss wheat production

    The role of risks in the adoption of low–input wheat production in Switzerland is investigated using farm–level panel data. Due to governmental support with environmental payments, low–input wheat production is found to be on average more profitable. However, low–input production is also more risky, in particular due to higher yield variability. The here presented analysis reveals that these ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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